Hilary Marquand

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Hilary Adair Marquand PC (24 December 1901 – 6 November 1972) was a British Labour Party politician.

He was educated at Cardiff High School and at University College, Cardiff (State Scholar) where he studied history and economics. He was a lecturer in Economics at the University of Birmingham from 1926–1930, and Professor of Industrial Relations, University College, Cardiff, 1930-1945.

He was Director of Industrial Surveys of South Wales, 1931 and 1936, Member of the Cardiff Advisory Committee UAB. He spent a year in the USA in the study of Industrial Relations, 1932–1933 and was Visiting Professor of Economics at Wisconsin University 1938-1939. He was an Acting Principal at the Board of Trade, 1940–1941, and Deputy Controller, Wales Division, of the Ministry of Labour, 1941–1942 and Labour Adviser to the Ministry of Production, 1943-1944.

He was elected as Member of Parliament for Cardiff East from 1945–1950, and for Middlesbrough East from 1950-1961. He was Secretary for Overseas Trade from 1945–1947; Paymaster-General, 1947–1948; Minister of Pensions, 1948–1951; and Minister of Health, January–October 1951. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1949.

He undertook lecture tours for the British Council in India, Pakistan and Ceylon, 1952–1953, in West Indies, 1954 and 1959 and in Finland, 1957, and was a representative at the Assemblies of the Council of Europe and Western European Union, 1957-1959. He was Deputy Chairman of the National Board for Prices and Incomes, 1965-1968. He was an Honorary Member of Phi Beta Kappa.

Marquand resigned his seat in Parliament in 1961, to take up the post of Director of the International Institute for Labour Studies, in Geneva. The consequent by-election was won by the Labour candidate Arthur Bottomley.

Hilary Marquand married Rachel Eluned Rees, a schoolteacher, on 20 August 1929. Their daughter Diana Marquand is an environmental campaigner and was a senior social worker. Their son David Marquand is also an academic and was a Labour MP from 1966 to 1977, while a younger son Richard Marquand became a notable Hollywood director.


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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
P.J. Grigg
Member of Parliament for Cardiff East
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Alfred Edwards
Member of Parliament for Middlesbrough East
Succeeded by
Arthur Bottomley
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Greenwood
Succeeded by
Viscount Addison
Preceded by
George Buchanan
Minister of Pensions
Succeeded by
George Isaacs
Preceded by
Aneurin Bevan
Minister of Health
Succeeded by
Harry Crookshank