History (U.S. TV channel)
|Launched||January 1, 1995|
|Owned by||History Channels (A&E Networks
Hearst Corporation (50%),
Disney–ABC Television Group (50%)
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV)
Downgraded to letterboxed 480i for SDTV feed
|Slogan||Made Every Day|
|Headquarters||New York City, New York, United States|
|Formerly called||The History Channel (1995-2008)|
History en Español
Crime & Investigation Network
|C-Band||AMC 18-Channel 258 (H2H 4DTV)|
|Sling TV||Internet Protocol television|
History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Corporation and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.
The channel originally broadcast documentary programs and historical fiction series. However, since 2008, it has mostly broadcast a variety of reality television series such as Pawn Stars, Ax Men, and other non-history related content. Additionally, the network is frequently criticized by scientists, historians, and skeptics for broadcasting pseudo-documentaries, unsubstantiated and sensational investigative programming, such as Ancient Aliens, UFO Hunters, Brad Meltzer's Decoded and the Nostradamus Effect.
As of February 2015, approximately 96,149,000 American households (82.6% of households with television) receive History. International localized versions of History are available, in various forms, in India, Canada, Europe, Australia, Middle East, Africa, and Latin America. The first European version was launched in Scandinavia in 1997 by Viasat which now operates their own channel, Viasat History.
- 1 History
- 2 Programming
- 3 Criticism and evaluation
- 4 Other media
- 5 International
- 6 References
- 7 External links
History was launched on January 1, 1995 as The History Channel, its original format focused entirely on historical series and specials. The channel has consistently produced decent prime-time ratings in the U.S.
File:History Logo 2008-2015.svg On February 16, 2008, a new logo was launched on the U.S. network as part of a major rebranding effort. While the trademark "H" was kept, the triangle shape on the left acts as a play button for animation and flyouts during commercials and shows. On March 20, 2008, as part of that same rebranding effort, The History Channel dropped "The" and "Channel" from its name to become simply "History."
On June 1, 2015, the History logo was slightly updated, completely removing the triangle shape on the left.
Programming on History has covered a wide range of historical periods and topics, while similar themed topics are often organized into themed weeks or daily marathons. Subjects include warfare, inventions, aviation, mechanical and civil engineering, technology, mythical creatures, monsters, UFO, conspiracy theories, aliens, religious beliefs, disaster scenarios, apocalyptic "after man" scenarios, doomsday, and 2012 superstitions. Programming also includes mainstream reality television-style shows involving truck drivers, alligator hunters, pawn stores, antique and collectible "pickers", car restorers, photography, and others. Occasionally some programs compare contemporary culture and technology with that of the past. On March 3, 2013, History channel premiered its first original series, Vikings.
Criticism and evaluation
History has in the past, particularly during the 1990s, been jokingly referred to as "The Hitler Channel" for its extensive coverage of World War II. Recently, however, much of its military-themed programming has now been shifted to its sister network Military History.
The network has also been criticized for having a bias towards US history. Another former sister network, History International, more extensively covered history outside the US until in 2011 it was rebranded as History 2 and started broadcasting more material that had to do with US history.
The network was also criticized by Stanley Kutner for airing the controversial series The Men Who Killed Kennedy in 2003. Kutner was one of three historians commissioned to review the documentary, which the channel disavowed and never aired again. On the other hand, programs such as Modern Marvels have been praised for their presentation of detailed information in an entertaining format.
Some of the network's series, including Ice Road Truckers, Ax Men, and Pawn Stars, garnered ratings in the U.S. while receiving criticism over the series' non-historical nature. Forbes.com contributor Brad Lockwood criticized the History Channel's addition of "programs devoted to monsters, aliens and conspiracies" and wrote that ratings trends have influenced the network to focus on entertainment rather than actual historical programming. U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley is a frequent critic of the channel and its lack of historical or educational programming, showing particular disdain for Ax Men and Pawn Stars.
In his book 2012: It's Not the End of the World, Peter Lemesurier describes the channel's Nostradamus series, in which he was invited to participate, as "largely fiction" and "lurid nonsense." He also lists numerous suggestions made in its films on the alleged Mayan "end of the world" and the "rare" galactic alignment that was supposed by John Major Jenkins to accompany it in 2012, while Jenkins himself has described Decoding the Past as "45 minutes of unabashed doomsday hype and the worst kind of inane sensationalism."
In December 2011, Politifact gave the History Channel's claim that the United States Congress stayed open on Christmas Day for most of its first 67 years of existence a "pants on fire" rating, the lowest of its ratings, noting that its own research showed that both the Senate and the House had only convened once in those 67 years on a Christmas Day and adding that, since there's a 1/7 chance of Christmas falling on a Sunday (when Congress did not meet in order to attend church), the claim that they would have convened almost every Christmas is "ridiculous." The claim had first been broadcast on the History Channel program Christmas Unwrapped – The History of Christmas before being subsequently picked up by the American Civil Liberties Union's website on the "Origins of Christmas" and by the Comedy Central series The Daily Show. Daily Show host Jon Stewart responded the next day by stating it was their fault for trusting the History Channel and satirized a clip from the History Channel about UFOs and Nazis by stating, "The next thing you know we'll all find out the Nazis did not employ alien technology in their quest for world domination."
The History Channel was also singled out for ridicule by Smithsonian magazine. The article took issue with the show Ancient Aliens for postulating the "idea that aliens caused the extinction of non-avian dinosaurs." The online magazine Cracked also lampooned the channel for its strange definition of history. Cracked singled out programs on UFO Hunters and Ancient Aliens as being the very definition of non-history.
- The Unknown Hitler DVD collection, including Hitler and the Occult
- Dogfight: Season 1 DVD set
- The Great Depression DVD collection
- The Making of Trump 2015 DVD
- Legend of the Superstition Mountains 6 episodes in 2015
- The History Channel: Great Battles of Rome
- The History Channel: Civil War – A Nation Divided
- The History Channel: ShootOut! – The Game
- The History Channel: Dogfights – The Game
- The History Channel: Battle for the Pacific
- History Civil War: Secret Missions
- The History Channel: Lost Worlds
- The History Channel: Battle of Britain 1940
- The History Channel: Crusades – Quest for Power
- The History Channel: Alamo – Fight for Independence
- The History Channel: Civil War – Great Battles
- The History Channel: Digging for Truth
- The History Channel: Great Battles Medieval
- The History Channel: Civil War The Battle of Bull Run Take Command: 1861
- The History Channel: American Civil War Take Command: 2nd Manassas
The History Channel (as it was then known) was not initially related to a similar Canadian service, History Television, which launched in 1999. During the Canadian channel's first several years of operation, despite sharing a similar programming focus, the channels would rarely if ever share programming. Indeed, the phrase "Not available in Canada" became a de facto slogan for the U.S. channel in its early years as a result of its use in promotional ads on American channels that were imported to Canadian pay television providers, particularly A&E.
As late as the late 2000s, flagship History (U.S.) series were slow to reach Canadian viewers (if they aired in that country at all); Ice Road Truckers debuted in 2007, but did not join the History Television schedule until early 2009. However, the relationship between the two has improved since then. On May 30, 2012, History Television's current owner Shaw Media announced that it would rebrand the channel as a Canadian version of History in the fall of 2012, through a licensing agreement with A+E Networks. History Television relaunched as History on August 12, 2012; shortly thereafter, another Shaw-owned specialty channel was relaunched as a Canadian version of H2.
On October 21, 2014, Corus Entertainment reached an agreement to acquire Canadian French-language rights to History programming for its own channel, Historia. On March 9, 2015, the network was re-launched under History's logo and branding, although the network still carries the Historia name. Historia was previously owned as a joint venture between Shaw and Astral Media (merged with Bell Media in 2013), which made it a sister to History; Corus purchased the network in 2013.
On April 1, 2016, Corus Entertainment acquired Shaw Media and as a result, now co-owns both History Canada and the Canadian English-language rights to the History library of original programming with Historia and the Canadian French-language rights to the History library of original programming.
UK and Ireland
The British version launched in November, 1995 and arrived in Ireland on November 1, 1999. It is a joint venture between A+E Networks and British Sky Broadcasting.
The German version launched on November 14, 2004 and is operated by The History Channel Germany GmbH & Co. KG, a joint venture between A+E Networks and NBC Universal Global Networks Germany.
Spain and Portugal
The History Channel is available in Spain and Portugal though cable, satellite and IPTV platforms, as well as streaming media. The History Channel Iberia is a joint venture between A+E Networks and AMC Networks International Iberia.
The Dutch version has launched on May 1, 2007. This version is distributed by Chello Benelux (a subdivision of Chellomedia). In January 2008, History HD was launched in the Netherlands. It is available on cable providers UPC Netherlands, Telenet and Ziggo. It is also available on IPTV service KPN.
A Polish version was launched on April 9, 2008. It is available on cable providers Aster, Dialog, Toya, and UPC Polska and also through satellite television (with its HD version carried on the n platform since June 1, 2012) and an SD version on Cyfra+ since November 2, 2009).
A Scandinavian version was first launched in September 1997, broadcasting for three and later four hours a day on the analogue Viasat platform. Initially time-sharing with TV1000 Cinema, it was later moved to the Swedish TV8 channel and continued broadcasting there until November 2004. When History channel announced their own 24-hour pan-European channel, Viasat launched their own history-oriented channel, Viasat History, in the Nordic region, however with no original programming. On February 1, 2007, the History Channel returned to Sweden and also Denmark, Norway, Finland when the pan-European version was launched as a standalone channel on the Canal Digital satellite platform and later through cable operator Com hem. In 2008 history was also launched as An HD channel.
The History Channel launched on February 1, 2007, on the Canal Digital DTH satellite package for viewers in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland. The channel is being launched by The History Channel UK, A&E’s joint venture with BSkyB. Although it broadcasts in English with local subtitles, the channel is scheduled separately from the UK version.
The History Channel started its operations in India in late 2003 with 21st Century Fox's STAR TV as its sales partner, managed by National Geographic until November 21, 2008. The History Channel India closed down on November 21, 2008. In 2011, History was granted permission to relaunch services in India. A joint venture of A&E Networks and TV18 relaunched History TV 18 in India in 8 languages in 2014. A joint venture of AETN and Astro All Asia Networks launched the History Channel in Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam and Brunei in the second and third quarters of 2007 and in Taiwan and China by the end of the year. Some other Asian countries, such as Kuwait, Israel and Japan, have their own versions of the network. On September 1, 2008, History Channel Asia was officially launched in Singapore and Hong Kong followed by South Korea and the Philippines.
The Latin American version was launched in 2001. It is owned by A&E and controlled in the region by HBO Latin America Group. It airs U.S. programming, translated to Spanish or Portuguese or in English with Spanish or Portuguese subtitles. Also, it develops some Latin American programming in Spanish.
All Latin American programming is under the supervision of Tom Golden, the executive producer for International Programs at A&E Television Networks, and the Discovery Channel, which uses HBO Latin America Group for Latin American broadcasts.
- Seidman, Robert (February 22, 2015). "List of how many homes each cable network is in as of February 2015". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved March 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Winfrey, Lee. "Golf Channel tees off Tuesday, joining History Channel as new cable fare", Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, January 16, 1995. Retrieved February 28, 2011, from HighBeam Research.
- International Herald Tribune Television's The History Channel Drops 'The' and 'Channel' from Its Name, Keeps History March 20, 2008
- Gary Richard Edgerton; Peter C. Rollins. Television Histories: Shaping Collective Memory in the Media Age. University Press of Kentucky; 2001. ISBN 0-8131-7111-3. p. 261–.
- "VIKINGS Tops The Ratings With 8.3 Million Viewers". Irish Film Board. March 5, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Schone, Mark. "All Hitler, All the Time", Salon.com, May 8, 1997).
- "Time traveler's guide to the Roman Empire". Channel4.com. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
The History Channel: The website of the American cable channel has a bias towards American history, as evidenced by Extreme History with Roger Daltrey<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Stanley Kutner (July 4, 2004). "Why the History Channel Had to Apologize for the Documentary that Blamed LBJ for JFK's Murder". History News Network. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
The History Channel has made a start in the right direction as it has totally disavowed the program and publicly promised it never will be shown again.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Scott Weinberg (May 29, 2007). "Modern Marvels: Technology". DVD Talk. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
If you're trying to throw your kids a little education, but in a fast-paced and colorful presentation, these "Modern Marvels" series come pretty highly recommended. Then again, I'm a mid-30s guy and I'm learning tons of new stuff from these programs.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Lockwood, Brad. "High Ratings Aside, Where's the History on History?". Forbes. Retrieved March 21, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Malone, Noreen (March 20, 2012). A brief history of Chuck Grassley's history with the History Channel. New York magazine. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- For summaries and reviews, see here.
- Lemesurier, Derwen Publishing, 2011
- See his online comments on "How Not to Make a 2012 Documentary" here
- "Comic Jon Stewart says Congress met most Christmas Days in its early years". Politifact. December 11, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Fung, Katherine (December 13, 2011). "Jon Stewart Fires Back At Politifact Over War On Christmas". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 21, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Stewart, Jon (December 12, 2011). "War on Christmas - Historical Fact-Checking". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. Retrieved March 24, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Switek, Brian. "The Idiocy, Fabrications and Lies of Ancient Aliens". Smithsonian. Retrieved March 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "The History Channel". Cracked. Retrieved March 13, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- The History Channel Online Store: The Unknown Hitler DVD Collection
- "Librarian and Information Science News". LIS News. Retrieved August 4, 2007.
I always wondered why the History Channel commercials said not available in Canada.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Shaw Media and A&E to Launch Two New Specialty Channels, Broadcaster Magazine, May 30, 2012.
- "Historia: new logo, new look, new shows!". Corus Entertainment. March 9, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Corus Entertainment (March 4, 2013). "Corus Entertainment Expands Interests in French-language Specialty Television Market through Major Deals with Bell and Shaw Media". Retrieved March 31, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Robert Briel (April 5, 2007). "History Channel comes to Benelux". Broadband TV News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Robert Briel (November 14, 2007). "History Channel HD to launch in Holland". Broadband TV News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Indiantelevision.com's interview with NGC India managing director (South Asia) Zubin Jehanbux Gandevia". Indiantelevision.com. December 20, 2003. Retrieved October 15, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- History TV 18. "Contact Us - History TV18 India". Retrieved January 11, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "A&E Television Networks & Astro Form Joint Venture". April 16, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
"The History Channel Expands Through Asia". February 10, 2003. Retrieved June 16, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- History HD channel launched on SkyLife in Korea retrieved via www.medianewsline.com May 5, 2009
- History Channel Asia HD launched on SkyCable Philippines retrieved via www.skycable.com September 6, 2009
- The History Channel HD to launch in Singapore and Hong Kong retrieved via www.aetninternational.com August 26, 2008
- History official website
- History on Facebook
- History on Google+
- History Canada
- History UK
- History Italy
- The History Channel Australia
- History Asia
- History India
- Canal de Historia (History Spain)
- Canal de História (History Portugal)
- The History Channel New Zealand
- History Latin America
- History Brazil
- The History Channel Around the World
- The History Channel Germany
- MediaLifeMagazine website (source of cable network ratings)
- History Czech Republic
- History Channel