Holy See–Russia relations

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Holy See–Russia relations
Map indicating locations of Holy See and Russia

Holy See


Holy See–Russia relations (Russian: Российско-Ватиканские отношения) is the bilateral relationship between the Holy See and Russia. The Holy See has an Apostolic Nunciature in Moscow. Russia has a permanent representative to the Holy See based in Rome.

President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev ordered the establishment of full diplomatic relations between Russia and the Holy See following the meeting with Pope Benedict XVI in December 2009.[1]

The two countries are the largest and the smallest countries in the world.

Ecumenical relations

Holy See–Russia relations are largely linked to ecumenical relations with the Russian Orthodox Church.

Relationship before the 1917 revolution

Pope Pius IX, who faced his own problems with revolutionary movements in his Church State, first tried to position himself in the middle, strongly opposing revolutionary and violent opposition against the Russian authorities and appealing to them for more Church freedom.

John Paul II

There were mixed reactions in Russia on the papacy of Pope John Paul II. Many Russians were happy that John Paul had reduced the influence of atheistic Communism in Eastern Europe and contributed to a rebirth of Christianity in the country. However, many others did not like the fact that the fall of the Soviet Union had also provoked a loss of Russian influence in Eastern Europe. The fact that John Paul was Polish also caused tensions, since there is a historic ethno-religious rivalry between Poland and Russia.

See also


  1. "Russia and the Vatican establish full diplomatic ties". BBC News. 3 December 2009. Archived from the original on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links