Houli culture

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Houli culture
Houli map.svg
Geographical range Shandong
Period Neolithic China
Dates c. 6500 – c. 5500 BC
Followed by Beixin culture
Chinese name
Chinese 后李文化

The Houli culture (6500–5500 BC[1]) was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China. The people of the culture lived in square, semi-subterranean houses. Archaeological evidence shows that domesticated dogs and pigs were used. The type site at Houli was discovered in the Linzi District of Shandong and was excavated from 1989 to 1990. The culture was followed by the Beixin culture.

Evidence of the earliest rice cultivation in the Yellow River basin came from carbonized rice grains from the Yuezhuang site in Jinan, Shandong. The carbonized rice was dated using AMS radiocarbon dating to 7050±80. Archaeologists also excavated millet from the Yuezhuang site.[2]

See also


  1. The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States, pp.193
  2. Crawford, G. W., X. Chen, and J. Wang Houli Culture Rice from the Yuezhuang Site, Jinan. Kaogu [Archaeology] 3:247-251, 2006. (In Chinese)


  • Allan, Sarah (ed), The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, ISBN 0-300-09382-9
  • Liu, Li. The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States, ISBN 0-521-81184-8