Hound Dog Taylor
|Hound Dog Taylor|
|Birth name||Theodore Roosevelt Taylor|
April 12, 1915|
Natchez, Mississippi, United States
|Died||December 17, 1975(aged 60)|
|Genres||Blues rock, rock and roll, Chicago blues|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, piano, slide guitar|
Taylor was born in Natchez, Mississippi in 1915 (although some sources say 1917). He originally played piano, and began playing guitar when he was 20. He moved to Chicago in 1942.
He became a full-time musician around 1957 but remained unknown outside of the Chicago area where he played small clubs in the black neighborhoods and also at the open-air Maxwell Street Market. He was known for his electrified slide guitar playing roughly styled after that of Elmore James, his cheap Japanese Teisco guitars, and his raucous boogie beats. He was also famed among guitar players for having six fingers on his left hand. In 1967 Taylor toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival, performing with Little Walter and Koko Taylor.
After hearing Taylor with his band, the HouseRockers (Brewer Phillips on second guitar and Ted Harvey on drums) in 1970 at Florence's Lounge on Chicago's South Side, Bruce Iglauer – at the time a shipping clerk for Delmark Records – tried to get him signed by his employer. Having no success getting Delmark to sign Taylor, Iglauer formed a small record label with a $2500 inheritance and recorded Taylor's debut album, Hound Dog Taylor and the HouseRockers, on his fledgling Alligator Records in 1971. It was the first release on Alligator Records, which became a major blues label. It was recorded in a studio in just two nights. Iglauer began managing and booking the band, which toured nationwide and performed with Muddy Waters, Freddie King and Big Mama Thornton. The band became particularly popular in the Boston area, where Taylor inspired a young protégé named George Thorogood. A live album Live at Joe's Place documented a Boston appearance from 1972.
Their second release, Natural Boogie, was recorded in late 1973, and led to greater acclaim and touring. In 1975, Taylor and his band toured Australia and New Zealand with Freddie King and Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee. His third Alligator album, Beware of the Dog, was recorded live in 1974 but was only released after his death. More posthumous releases occurred as well, including Genuine Houserocking Music and Release the Hound, on the Alligator label as well as some bootleg live recordings.
Awards and recognition
Taylor was posthumously inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1984.
- Hound Dog Taylor and the HouseRockers (1971) (Alligator Records)
- Natural Boogie (1974) (Alligator Records)
- Beware of the Dog! (1976) (Alligator Records)
- Genuine Houserocking Music (1982) (Alligator Records)
- Hound Dog Taylor – Deluxe Edition (1999) (Alligator Records)
- Release The Hound (2004) (Alligator Records)
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Harris, S. (1981): Blues Who's Who. New York, Da Capo Press, pp. 499–501, ISBN 978-0306801556
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues – From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. pp. 174–175. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bill Dahl. "Hound Dog Taylor : Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 5, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Hound Dog Taylor – Everyone Knows the Hound". The Delta Blues. Retrieved 2010-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Glover, Tony, Scott Dirks, & Ward Gaines (2002). Blues with a Feeling: the Little Walter Story. New York and London: Routledge. pp. 259–263. ISBN 0-415-93711-6
- "Hound Dog Taylor & the HouseRockers - Profile and Discography for Hound Dog Taylor & the HouseRockers". Blues.about.com. Retrieved 2015-10-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Hound Dog Taylor". Furious.com. Retrieved 2006-11-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Theodore Roosevelt "Hound Dog" Taylor (1915 - 1975) - Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2015-10-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>