Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park

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Hsinchu Science Park administration building

The Hsinchu Science Park (Chinese: 新竹科學工業園區; Hanyu Pinyin: Xīnzhú Kēxué Gōngyè Yuánqū; Tongyong Pinyin: Sīnjhú Kēsyué Gōngyè Yuáncyū) is an industrial park established by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) on December 15, 1980 to foster scientific and technological development. It straddles Hsinchu City and Hsinchu County in Taiwan.

The idea of the establishment of Hsinchu Science Park was first proposed by Wenzhounese mathematician Shu Shien-Siu, the former president of National Tsing Hua University and Prime Minister of Ministry of Science and Technology in 1976.[1] After Siu became the Prime Minister of Ministry of Science and Technology in 1973, Siu for many times traveled to the United States, Europe, Japan, and South Korea to learn and study their conditions of the development of science and technology. In 1976, as the prime minister of ministry of science and technology, Siu came up with the idea of building a science and technology park like that of Silicon Valley in Taiwan. After Siu's idea of establishing a science and technology park in Taiwan, rounds of debate unfolded between him and Chiang Ching-kuo about the location of the park.[2] Chiang Ching-kuo 's idea was to build the park in Longtan District because of the potential future benefits that could be drawn from National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology and the military. However, Siu argued that the technology and science park should not be close to the military as the primary goal of the founding of the park is to expand the size of private economy and creative vitality of Taiwan. Siu's idea was to build the park in Hsinchu, the city where the park ended up getting built in because Siu wanted to build the park next to the National Tsing Hua University and National Chiao Tung University like the Silicon Valley of the United States, which is adjacent to Stanford University and University of California, Berkeley.

Siu's idea was ultimately approved by Chiang Ching-kuo and the science and technology park was built and opened in 1980 in Hsinchu.[3]

After the original idea of the establishment of the science park and the location of the park were settled, Chiang Ching-kuo assigned the task of constructing the Hsinchu Science Park.Kwoh-Ting Li, former Finance Minister of the Republic of China, was among those who significantly contributed to the founding of the Hsinchu Science Park, as ordered by Chiang Ching-kuo.[4] Inspired by Silicon Valley in the United States, Li consulted Frederick Terman on how Taiwan could follow its example. From there, Li convinced talents who had gone abroad to build companies in this new Silicon Valley in Taiwan. Among those who returned is Morris Chang, who later led the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) and founded the TSMC. Li also introduced the concept of venture capital to the country to attract funds to finance high-tech startups in Taiwan.

Today, Hsinchu Science Park is renowned as the Silicon Valley of the Orient.


Hsinchu Science Park (HSP) is now one of the world's most significant centers for semiconductor manufacturing. More than 400 high-tech companies, mainly involved in the semiconductor, computer, telecommunication, and optoelectronics industries, have been established in the park since the end of December 2003.[5] Its 400 technology companies accounted for 10% of Taiwan's gross domestic product in 2007. It is home to the world's top two semiconductor foundries, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) and United Microelectronics Corporation (UMC), both of which were established at the nearby Industrial Technology Research Institute. Taiwan is the only country that possesses a professional division-of-labor system in the semiconductor industry and also has the highest density of 12-inch wafer-producing fabs, most of which are based in the park.[6] Next door to the science park are two of Taiwan's science and engineering powerhouses, National Chiao Tung University and National Tsing Hua University, and the National Space Organization, the Taiwanese space agency, is located in the park. There is also a science-themed amusement park nearby.

There were local residents' protests against water and air pollution. The Park's industrial wastewater treatment plant[7] began to operate in 1986, and environmental protection department monitors the air quality around the Park.


Currently, the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park covers six locations:[8]

Major companies located in the park

See also


  1. 張, 仲瑋. "淺談前校長徐賢修先生" (PDF). Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  2. 張, 仲瑋. "淺談前校長徐賢修先生" (PDF). Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  3. 志仁, 王. "散播科技聚落的基因 徐賢修". 天下雜誌. 天下雜誌. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  4. http://www.sipa.gov.tw/home.jsp?mserno=201001210113&serno=201001210118&serno3=201002250007&menudata=ChineseMenu&contlink=content/20years_10.jsp&level3=Y
  5. Central News Agency (2007-06-26). "Hsinchu Science Park export value grows, large growth for optoelectronics". Department of Investment Services (Taiwan). MOEA. 
  6. National Science Council (2005). "Hsinchu Science Park". Government of Taiwan. Retrieved 7/12/2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. Introduction to Wastewater Treatment Plant of Science Park
  8. http://www.sipa.gov.tw/english/index.jsp
  9. MXIC.com.tw
  10. PSC.com.tw
  11. Promos.com.tw
  12. http://www.smobio.com
  13. National Science Council (2005). "Hsinchu Science Park". Government of Taiwan. Retrieved 7/12/2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links

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