Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy

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Hugh IV
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.jpg
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Duke of Burgundy
Reign 1218–1272
Predecessor Odo III
Successor Robert II
Born (1213-03-09)9 March 1213
Villaines-en-Duesmois
Died 27 October 1272(1272-10-27) (aged 59)
France
Spouse Yolande of Dreux
Beatrice of Navarre
Issue
Detail
Odo, Count of Nevers
John
Adelaide, Duchess of Brabant
Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
Isabella, Queen of Germany
House House of Burgundy
Father Odo III, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Alice of Vergy

Hugh IV of Burgundy (9 March 1213 – 27 or 30 October 1272) was Duke of Burgundy between 1218 and 1272 and from 1266 until his death was titular King of Thessalonica. Hugh was the son of Odo III, Duke of Burgundy[1] and Alice de Vergy.

Issue

Hugh married twice, first to Yolande of Dreux when he was 16 and she 17 years of age.[2] He then married Beatrice of Navarre, when he was 45.[3] With Yolande, he had:

With Beatrice, he had:

Expansion

Hugh IV, through a transaction with John l'Antique de Chalon, gave up the barony of Salon for the counties of Chalon and Auxonne in 1237, which expanded the Duchy[6] and the regional economy benefited from the growing wine trade.

Barons' Crusade

In 1239, Hugh joined the Barons' Crusade led by King Theobald I of Navarre and supported by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.[7] The Burgundian troops allied with Richard of Cornwall and rebuilt Ascalon and negotiated a peace with Egypt in 1241.[8] Hugh was made titular king of Thessalonica in 1266,[9] although it had been recaptured by Epirus more than 40 years before.

Death

Hugh IV died on 27 October 1272 (Aged 60) at Villaines-en-Duismois, France. His burial place is unknown.

See also

References

  1. Template:The Papacy and the Levant, 1204-1571
  2. Michael Lower, The Barons' Crusade: A Call to Arms and Its Consequences, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), 97.
  3. Theodore Evergates, Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 80.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Du Chesne, A. (1628) Histoire géneálogique des ducs de Bourgogne de la maison de France (Paris), Preuves, p. 79-80.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Philippe Le Bel et la Noblesse Franc-Comtoise, Frantz Funck-Brentano, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes, Vol. 49 (1888), 9.
  6. Template:New Cambridge Medieval History
  7. Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: The History of a Dynasty, (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2007), 210.
  8. Jean Richard, The Crusades, C.1071-c.1291, (Cambridge University Press, 1999) 325-327.
  9. Topping, Peter (1975). "The Morea, 1364–1460". In Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. Madison and London: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-299-06670-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Born: 9 March 1213 Died: 27 October 1272
Preceded by
Odo III
Duke of Burgundy
1218–1272
Succeeded by
Robert II