Hugo Theorell

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Hugo Theorell
Hugo Theorell nobel.jpg
Hugo Theorell
Born (1903-07-06)6 July 1903
Linköping, Sweden
Died 15 August 1982(1982-08-15) (aged 79)
Residence Sweden
Nationality Swedish
Fields Biochemistry
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1955)

Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell ForMemRS[1] (6 July 1903 – 15 August 1982) was a Swedish scientist and Nobel Prize laureate[2][3][4][5][6][7] in medicine.[8][9]

He was born in Linköping as the son of Thure Theorell and his wife Armida Bill. Theorell went to Secondary School at Katedralskolan in Linköping and passed his examination there on 23 May 1921. In September, he began to study medicine at the Karolinska Institute and in 1924 he graduated as a Bachelor of Medicine. He then spent three months studying bacteriology at the Pasteur Institute in Paris under Professor Albert Calmette. In 1930 he obtained his M.D. degree with a theory on the lipids of the blood plasma, and was appointed professor in physiological chemistry at the Karolinska Institute.

Theorell, who dedicated his entire career to enzyme research, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1955 for discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects. His contribution also consisted of the theory of the toxic effects of sodium fluoride on the cofactors of crucial human enzymes. He was a former head of research of the Nobel Institute, the first researcher related to the Institute to be awarded a Nobel Prize.

His work had led to pioneering progress on ADH enzymes, which break down alcohol in the kidney. His work won praise in Sweden as well as around the world. He received honorary degrees at universities in France, Belgium, Brazil and the United States.

Theorell died in Stockholm and is buried in Norra begravningsplatsen (The Northern Cemetery) alongside his wife, Elin Margit Elisabeth (née Alenius) Theorell, a distinguished pianist and harpsichordist.


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  3. Shampo, M. A.; Kyle, R. A. (1998). "Hugo Theorell--Nobel Prize for study of enzymes". Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic. 73 (2): 147. doi:10.1016/s0025-6196(11)63646-x. PMID 9472997.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  5. Margoliash, E. (1956). "Prof. Hugo Theorell, Nobel prize winner in medicine and physiology, 1955". Harefuah. 50 (7): 160. PMID 13318571.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  7. Zotterman, Y. (1955). "The winner of the Nobel prize in medicine for 1955, Hugo Theorell". Die Medizinische (48): 1685–1686. PMID 13287683.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Paul, K. G. (1982). "Hugo Theorell - more than half a century among the leaders of research". Lakartidningen. 79 (39): 3435–3437. PMID 6757611.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Slater, E. C. (1970). "Tribute to Professor Theorell". Vitamins and hormones. 28: 147–150. PMID 4946799.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>