Hydrogen deuteride

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Hydrogen deuteride
Skeletal formula of hydrogen deuteride
Names
IUPAC name
Hydrogen deuteride
Systematic IUPAC name
(2H)Dihydrogen[citation needed]
Identifiers
13983-20-5 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:29237 YesY
ChemSpider 146609 YesY
EC Number 237-773-0
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 167583
UN number 1049
Properties
H[2H]
Molar mass 3.02204 g mol−1
Melting point −259 °C (−434.2 °F; 14.1 K)
Boiling point −253 °C (−423.4 °F; 20.1 K)
Vapor pressure {{{value}}}
Related compounds
Related hydrogens
Deuterium

Hydrogen
Tritium

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Hydrogen deuteride is a diatomic molecule substance or compound of the two isotopes of hydrogen: the majority isotope 1H protium and 2H deuterium. Its proper molecular formula is H2H but for simplification it is usually written as HD.

Natural abundance

Hydrogen deuteride is a minor component of naturally occurring molecular hydrogen. In particular, hydrogen deuteride is one of the minor but noticeable components of the atmospheres of all the giant planets, with abundances from about 30 ppm to about 200 ppm. HD has also been found in supernova remnants,[1] and other sources.[citation needed]

Occurrence of HD vs. H2 in giant planets' atmospheres
Planet HD H2[citation needed]
Jupiter ~0.003% 89.8% ±2.0%
Uranus ~0.007% 83.0% ±3.0%
Neptune ~0.019% 80.0% ±3.2%
H NMR spectrum of a solution of HD (labeled with red bars) and H2 (blue bar). The 1:1:1 triplet arises from the coupling of the 1H nucleus (I = 1/2) to the 2H nucleus ( I = 1).

Radio emission spectra

HD and H2 have very similar emission spectra, but the emission frequencies differ.[2]

The frequency of the astronomically important J = 1-0 rotational transition of HD at 2.7 THz has been measured with tunable FIR radiation with an accuracy of 150 kHz.[3]


References

  1. Neufeld, David A.; Hollenbach, David J.; Kaufman, Michael J.; Snell, Ronald L.; Melnick, Gary J.; Bergin, Edwin A.; Sonnentrucker, Paule (2007). "SpitzerSpectral Line Mapping of Supernova Remnants. I. Basic Data and Principal Component Analysis". The Astrophysical Journal. 664 (2): 890. Bibcode:2007ApJ...664..890N. arXiv:0704.2179Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/518857. 
  2. Quinn, W.; Baker, J.; Latourrette, J.; Ramsey, N. (1958). "Radio-Frequency Spectra of Hydrogen Deuteride in Strong Magnetic Fields". Phys. Rev. 112 (6): 1929. Bibcode:1958PhRv..112.1929Q. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.112.1929. 
  3. Evenson, K. M.; Jennings, D. A.; Brown, J. M.; Zink, L. R.; Leopold, K. R. (1988). "Frequency measurement of the J = 1-0 rotational transition of HD". Astrophysical Journal. 330: L135. Bibcode:1988ApJ...330L.135E. doi:10.1086/185221. 

Further reading