I Airborne Corps (United Kingdom)

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I Airborne Corps
Active 1943–1945
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Role Airborne forces
Size Corps
Part of First Allied Airborne Army
Nickname(s) Red Devils [nb 1]
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Lieutenant-General Frederick Arthur Montague Browning
Lieutenant-General Richard Nelson Gale
Insignia
Identification
symbol
British Airborne Units.svg

The I Airborne Corps was an airborne forces corps raised by the British Army during the Second World War. Together with the U.S. XVIII Airborne Corps it was part of the First Allied Airborne Army.

Formation

Under the command of Lieutenant-General Frederick Arthur Montague Browning, the I Airborne Corps was formed in 1943, with the 1st and the 6th Airborne divisions.[2] In August 1944, the corps became part of the First Allied Airborne Army, alongside the U.S. XVIII Airborne Corps.[2]

Later in the war, as well as the 1st and 6th Airborne divisions, the corps had the 1st Special Air Service Brigade, the 1st Polish Parachute Brigade and the 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division an air-transportable division under corps command.[3][4] Other units assigned to the corps were the U.S. 82nd, and U.S. 101st Airborne divisions during Operation Market Garden. Lieutenant-General Richard Nelson Gale, who had previously commanded the 6th Airborne Division during the Battle of Normandy, took command of the corps in December 1944.[5]

Notes

Footnotes
  1. The 1st Parachute Brigade had been called the "Rote Teufel" or "Red Devils" by the German troops they had fought in North Africa. The title was officially confirmed by General Sir Harold Alexander and henceforth applied to all British airborne troops.[1]
Citations
  1. Otway, p.88
  2. 2.0 2.1 Horn and Wyczynski, p.294
  3. Otway, p.202
  4. Otway, p.210
  5. Richard Gale Pegassus archive

References

  • Horn, Bernd; Wyczynski, Michel (2003). Paras versus the Reich: Canada's paratroopers at war, 1942-45. Dundurn Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1-55002-470-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Otway, Lieutenant-Colonel T.B.H (1990). The Second World War 1939–1945 Army – Airborne Forces. London: Imperial War Museum. ISBN 0-901627-57-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>