Sir Iain Robert Lobban, KCMG CB (born 1960) is a former British civil servant. He was the Director of the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), the British signals intelligence agency, from 2008 to 2014.
Education and career
Born in Nigeria, Lobban graduated from the University of Leeds with a Bachelor of Arts in languages. He joined GCHQ in 1983 and undertook a variety of roles before joining the GCHQ Board in 2001. He was a participant of the Cabinet Office's Top Management Programme that year. He has also completed the Higher Command and Staff Course at the Ministry of Defence's staff college at Shrivenham. Whilst on the Board he was responsible for moving the operations of GCHQ into its new base at The Doughnut at Benhall, Gloucestershire. Before being appointed Director, Lobban was Director-General (Operations); having taken up this post in early 2004. He became the Director of GCHQ in July 2008, succeeding Sir David Pepper.
Lobban spoke of his regret over the treatment of cryptographer Alan Turing in October 2012. Turing, who committed suicide after being convicted of homosexuality, was described by Lobban as a "national asset" and said that more people like Turing were needed to face contemporary information security threats.
In November 2013 in the wake of the global surveillance disclosures by the former American National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden, Lobban and the other heads of the British intelligence agencies, Andrew Parker of MI5, and John Sawers of MI6 appeared before the Joint Intelligence Committee. During his questioning by the committee Lobban said that "I do not look at the surrounding hay" referring to the metadata collected by GCHQ. Lobban said that the disclosures had been discussed by terrorist groups in the Middle East and Afghanistan. The effect of Snowden's revelations would make GCHQ's task "...far, far harder in the future". Snowden's extensive disclosures revealed details of GCHQ's recent activities and capabilities, including the Tempora electronic surveillance program, GCHQ's tapping of international fiber-optic communications, and the NSA's payment to GCHQ over £100 Million between 2009 and 2012.
It was announced in January 2014 that Lobban would stand down as GCHQ director before the end of the year. Lobban's American equivalents, the head of the National Security Agency, General Keith B. Alexander, and his deputy, John C. Inglis, are also standing down from their posts in 2014. He formally retired on 24 October 2014.
Lobban was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 2006 New Year Honours for services to national security and Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to national security.
- Ewen MacAskill (28 January 2014). "GCHQ head Sir Iain Lobban stands down". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Richard J. Aldrich (June 2008). "Iain Lobban becomes Director of GCHQ". University of Warwick. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- Paul Owen (7 November 2013). "Spy agency chiefs defend surveillance – as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- Nick Hopkins and Richard Norton-Taylor (4 October 2012). "GCHQ chief expresses regret at treatment of Alan Turing". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
- James Ball, Luke Harding and Juliette Garside (1 August 2013). "Exclusive: NSA pays £100m in secret funding for GCHQ". Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- "Outgoing GCHQ boss defends agency activities after Snowden revelations". The Guardian. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood". The London Gazette. The London Gazette. 31 December 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2008.[dead link]
- The London Gazette: . 29 December 2012.
Sir David Pepper
|Director of GCHQ