Ikhshidid dynasty

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The Ikhshidid dynasty of Egypt ruled from 935 to 969. Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid, a Turkic[1][2][3] slave soldier, was appointed governor by the Abbasid Caliph.[4] The dynasty carried the Arabic title "Wāli" reflecting their position as governors on behalf of the Abbasids. The Ikhshidids came to an end when the Fatimid army conquered Fustat in 969.[5]

Walis of Egypt and Syria under the Ikhshidid Dynasty

Title Personal Name Reign
Autonomous governors of Egypt & southern Syria for the Abbasid Caliphate
Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid
محمد بن طغج الإخشيد
935 - 946
Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid
أبو القاسم أنوجور بن الإخشيد
946 - 961
Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Ikhshid
أبو الحسن علي بن الإخشيد
961 - 966
Abu'l-Misk Kafur
أبو المسك كافور
966 - 968
Abu'l-Fawaris Ahmad ibn Ali ibn al-Ikhshid
أبو الفوارس أحمد بن علي بن الإخشيد
under the regency of his uncle, al-Hasan ibn Ubayd Allah
968 - 969
Fatimid general Jawhar al-Siqilli conquers Egypt. Al-Hasan ibn Ubayd Allah holds out in Syria until 970.


Only gold coins are common, with coppers being extremely rare. Dinars were mainly struck at Misr (Fustat) and Filastin (al-Ramla), and dirhams were usually struck at Filastin, and less often at Tabariya, Dimashq, and Hims. Other mints for dirhams are quite rare. Dinars from Misr are often well struck, while the Filastin dinars are more crude. Dirhams are usually crudely struck and often are illegible on half of the coin.[6]

See also


  1. Abulafia, David (2011). The Mediterranean in History. p. 170.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Haag, Michael (2012). The Tragedy of the Templars: The Rise and Fall of the Crusader States.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Bacharach, Jere L. (2006). Medieval Islamic Civilization: A-K, index. p. 382.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 62.
  5. The Fatimid Revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa, Michael Brett, The Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 2 ed. J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, (Cambridge University Press, 2002), 622.
  6. Album, Stephen. A Checklist of Islamic Coins, Second Edition, January 1998, Santa Rosa, CA

External links