Income inequality in India
According to the World Bank, the Gini coefficient in India was 0.339 in 2009. 
N. C. Saxena, a member of the National Advisory Council, suggested that the widening income disparity can be accounted for by India’s badly shaped agricultural and rural safety nets. “Unfortunately, agriculture is in a state of collapse. Per capita food production is going down. Rural infrastructure such as power, road transport facilities are in a poor state,” he said. “All the safety net programmes are not working at all, with rural job scheme and public distribution system performing far below their potential. This has added to the suffering of rural India while market forces are acting in favour of urban India, which is why it is progressing at a faster rate”.
The growing income inequality in India has negatively impacted poor citizens' access to education and healthcare. People working in unorganized sectors are the worst sufferers of economic inequality. They are characterized by low wages; long working hours; lack of basic services such as first aid, drinking water and sanitation.
The various steps taken by the Indian government to reduce economic inequality include:
- Labour Reforms
- States such as Rajasthan and Maharashtra have attempted to reduce number of rules and regulations for hiring of labour.
- Progressive taxation
- India has a progressive taxation system, in which the rich are taxed more than the poor.
- Income inequality in India lowest among emerging nations: OECD
- India still suffers from huge income gap
- World Wealth Report
- "Income gap rises in India: NSSO"
- Fighting income inequality: How India’s policies stack up against IMF’s prescription