Independent Greeks

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Independent Greeks
Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες
Abbreviation ANEL
President Panos Kammenos
General Secretary Ioannis Moiras
Spokesperson Madalena Papadopoulou
Slogan We are many –
We are independent –
We are Greeks
Founded 24 February 2012; 8 years ago (2012-02-24)
Split from New Democracy[1]
Headquarters 196, Syngrou Ave.
176 71 Athens
Ideology National conservatism[2]
Social conservatism[2][3]
Right-wing populism[4][5]
Political position Right-wing[7][8]
Religion Greek Orthodox
International affiliation None
European Parliament group No MEPs
Colours          Blue, red
9 / 300
European Parliament[9]
0 / 21
Regions [10]
51 / 703
Politics of Greece
Political parties

The Independent Greeks (Greek: Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες, Anexartitoi Ellines, ANEL) is a conservative,[11] national-conservative, and right-wing populist[4][5] political party in Greece. The party won 10 seats in the September 2015 parliamentary election and agreed to renew its coalition government with the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA).[12]


The party was created on 24 February 2012 by Panos Kammenos, a former Member of Parliament (MP) for the conservative party New Democracy (ND).[13] Kammenos had been expelled from the New Democracy parliamentary group after voting against Lucas Papademos' coalition government in a vote of confidence. The party's founding declaration was issued on 11 March 2012.[14] Ten former ND deputies were founding members of the party, namely Elena Kountoura, el, el, el, Spyros Galinos, el, el, Panagiotis Melas and el[15]

On 17 April 2012, the small left-wing anti-bailout party Panhellenic Citizen Chariot reached an election cooperation agreement with the Independent Greeks.[16]

Prior to the May 2012 legislative election, the party had 11 MPs: 10 defectors from New Democracy and one from Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK).

The party gained 10.6% of the vote and 33 MPs in the parliamentary election in May 2012.[17] In the snap June 2012 legislative election, ANEL received 7.5% of the vote, which reduced the party's representation to 20 MPs.[17]

In the 2014 European Parliament election held on 25 May 2014, ANEL received 3.5% of the vote, electing a single MEP who sits with the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) group. The MEP, Notis Marias, left ANEL, however, and is now an independent member of the ECR group.

In the January 2015 legislative election held on 25 January 2015, ANEL received 4.75% of the vote and returned 13 MPs to the Hellenic Parliament.[18] On 26 January 2015, ANEL agreed to form a governing coalition with the Coalition of the Radical Left.[19][20]

The second election of the year, the September 2015 legislative election on 20 September 2015, returned ANEL to parliament with 10 seats from 3.69% of the vote.[21] Syriza again agreed to form a coalition government with ANEL.[22]


Economically, the party calls for revoking the first and second memorandums, loan agreements between Greece, the EU and the International Monetary Fund.[4][5][13] Further, it considers the agreements illegal and calls for lifting immunity from and then investigating and prosecuting Greek ministers, parliamentarians, and officials who negotiated the agreements or who otherwise bear blame for Greece's economic crisis.[4][5][13]

In opposing the memorandums negotiated with 'The Troika', party leader Kammenos said Greece had become a "laboratory animal" in an austerity experiment conducted by the IMF and EU, who "used the public debt as a means of control."[23] Kammenos has focused much of his fire on Germany, stating that "Germany is not treating Greece as a partner but as its master. … It tries to turn a Europe of independent states into a Europe dominated by Germany."[24]

The party's official program states it will repudiate part of Greece's debt because it was created by speculators in a conspiracy to bring Greece to the edge of bankruptcy.[24] It announced in December 2012 that it would start working to create a patriotic Democratic Front, whose aim is to save "Greece from the neo-liberal avalanche."[25]

The party also calls for German war reparations (for the invasion and occupation of Greece in the Second World War).[14]

On social policy, Independent Greeks oppose multiculturalism and want to reduce immigration,[26][27] and support development of a Christian Orthodox oriented education system.[28]

According to The Independent, the party took right away "a socially right-wing stance, supporting patriotism and the role of the Greek Orthodox church in family life and education".[29]

Election results

Hellenic Parliament

Election Hellenic Parliament Rank Government Leader
Votes  % ±pp Seats won +/−
05/2012 670,957 10.6% New
33 / 300
Increase33 #4 Opposition Panos Kammenos
06/2012 462,406 7.5% Decrease3.1
20 / 300
Decrease13 #4 Opposition Panos Kammenos
01/2015 293,683 4.8% Decrease2.7
13 / 300
Decrease7 #6 Coalition gov't
Panos Kammenos
09/2015 200,423 3.7% Decrease1.1
10 / 300
Decrease3 #7 Coalition gov't
Panos Kammenos

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election Votes  % ±pp Seats won +/− Rank Leader
2014 197,701 3.5% New
1 / 21
Increase1 #7 Panos Kammenos

Members of Parliament

As of 22 April 2016 the Independent Greeks have nine MPs in the Hellenic Parliament:

Name Constituency
Dimitrios Kammenos Piraeus B
Panagiotis (Panos) Kammenos Athens B
Kostas Katsikis Attica
fr (Vassilios Kokkalis) Larissa
Maria Kollia-Tsaroucha Serres
el Athens A
Georgios Lazaridis Thessaloniki B
fr (Athanasios Papachristopoulos) Athens B
Konstantinos Zouraris Thessaloniki A

On 19 November 2015 el had been expelled from the Parliamentary Group of Independent Greeks.[30]


  1. "Kammenos attracts another New Democracy breakaway", Athens News, 20 March 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wolfram Nordsieck (2015). "Parties and Elections in Europe – Greece".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Venizelos draws battle lines for general elections", Ekathimerini, 15 March 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Boyka M. Stefanova (2014). The European Union beyond the Crisis: Evolving Governance, Contested Policies, and Disenchanted Publics. Lexington Books. p. 261. ISBN 978-1-4985-0348-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Christian Karner; Bram Mertens (2013). The Use and Abuse of Memory: Interpreting World War II in Contemporary European Politics. Transaction Publishers. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4128-5203-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Mannin, Michael (2013). Evaluating the Europeanization Effect. The Europeanization of European Politics. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 210.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Squires, Nick. "Greek election: who are Independent Greeks?". The Daily Telegraph. London.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Chu, Ben. "Greece elections: Who are Syriza and what effect will their new government have on Europe?". The Independent. London.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. European Parliament: Greek MEPs
  10. The counselors of the Regions.
  11. Tom Lansford (2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. p. 549. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Helena Smith. "Alexis Tsipras takes oath of office after victory in Greece general election". The Guardian. London.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "Ousted New Democracy MP starts own party", Ekathimerini, 24 February 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Kammenos introduces Independent Greeks", Athens News, 11 March 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Ten former ND MPs move with Kammenos", Capital, 14 March 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. " - Profile of parties running in May 6 Greek elections".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. 17.0 17.1 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (1 March 2013). Britannica Book of the Year 2013. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. p. 427. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Greece anti-bailout leader Tsipras made prime minister". BBC News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Syriza and Independent Greeks agree Greece coalition", BBC News, 25 January 2015<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Anastasios Papapostolou. "Greek Elections: Official Final Results".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "SYRIZA chief confirms plan to form government with Independent Greeks".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Greek election: who are Independent Greeks?". The Daily Telegraph. London. 26 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. 24.0 24.1 "Greek conservative rebel battles German "domination"", National Post, 23 April 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Independent Greeks respond to the scenarios for the collapse of the party with a founding congress
  26. "ΔΗΛΩΣΗ ΤΗΣ ΒΟΥΛΕΥΤΟΥ Α΄ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗΣ ΤΩΝ ΑΝΕΞΑΡΤΗΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ ΧΡΥΣΟΥΛΑΣ – ΜΑΡΙΑΣ ΓΙΑΤΑΓΑΝΑ". 12 March 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Η παρουσίαση του κόμματος ΑΝΕΞΑΡΤΗΤΟΙ ΕΛΛΗΝΕΣ από τον Πάνο Καμμένο στο Δίστομο στις" (PDF). 11 March 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Lizzie Dearden (26 January 2015). "Independent Greeks: Who are Syriza's right-wing coalition partners and what do they want? -". The Independent. London. Retrieved 18 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Terms of office of Nikolaos Nikolopoulos in the Hellenic Parliament. Retrieved 23 April 2016.

External links