India–Laos relations

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India–Laos relations

India

Laos

India–Laos relations are bilateral relations between South Asian country India and South East Asian country Laos. Diplomatic relations between two nations were established in February 1956. First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru visited Laos in 1954 while first President of India Rajendra Prasad visited Laos in 1956.[1][2] India considers Laos as strategically important in accordance with the China's growing land-reclamation activities in South China Sea.[3] Laos has been supportive to India's efforts to become permanent member of UN Security Council.[4]

Bilateral visits

Since establishment of bilateral ties there has been numerous high level bilateral visits between India and Laos. Recent visit was by Vice-President of India Hamid Ansari in September 2015 where he signed 5 "quick impact projects".[3][5] Then Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visited Laos in 2004 for 10th ASEAN Summit where he mate Laos PM Bounhang Vorachit, agreements regarding 3rd India-ASEAN summit were signed between them.[6] Indian PM Atal Bihari Vajpeyee visited Laos in 2002. Indian President Pratibha Patil visited Laos in 2010. High level visits from Laos to India were, Prince Souphanouvong, who was the first President of Laos, visited India in 1975. In recent times Laos PM Choummaly Sayasone visited India in 2008. There are several other foreign minister and secretary level visits from each country to other.[1][4]

Strategic ties

On 3 day India visit of Laos President Choummaly Sayasone in 2008, India decided to establish an "Air Force Academy" in Laos. India also gifted 50 parachutes to "Lao Defence Forces" on its 60th anniversary in 2009. India held its Surya Kiran air show at Laos.[7][8]

Economic ties

In 2013 at 7th "India-Lao Joint Commission Meeting" (JMC) India agrees to provide $66.15 million to Laos for irrigation and hydro power projects. This includes 4 irrigation projects in 3 provinces of Laos in addition to extension of Nam Boun-2 hydro power plant.[9]

Agreements

There has been several agreements signed between India and Laos in last decade regarding issues related to science & technology, trade and culture.

  • India will spend $4.11 million over 8 years for restoration of world heritage site of Laos at Vat Phou as per MoU signed on 2007. Project has been started on 2009.[1]
  • In 2010 visit of Indian President Pratibha Patil, a "Cultural Exchange Programme" for the year 2011–13 was signed between 2 nations.[1]
  • As per Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Agreement, since 1994, "Indian Army Training Team" conducts training sessions for Lao defence forces in some basic tactics along with English language and computers.[1]

Bilateral trade

Metals, ores, machinery, electronic equipment, pharmaceuticals and timber are the main products traded between two nations. In 2008–09 bilateral trade between two nations was just $9.52 million which saw rapid growth in 2009–10 with trade of $37 million. However trade was again decreased in 2010–11 with $13.33 million. Since then trade was rapidly increased again to $167.49 million in 2012–13.[1][10]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "PDR: Brief on India – Laos Bilateral Relations". The Embassy of India, Vientiane, LAO. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Damodar Ramaji Sar Desai (1965). India's Relations with Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia: 1954–1961. University of California.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 IANS (August 11, 2015). "India shoring up ties with Asean: Hamid Ansari to visit three countries". Times of India. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Pratibha Patil embarks on visit to Laos and Cambodia". Daily News & Analysis. 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Vice President Hamid Ansari Embarks on Visit to Cambodia, Laos". NDTV. 2015-09-15. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's Laos visis". Times of India. 2004-11-29. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "India to set up Air Force Academy in Laos". Indian Express. 2008-08-30. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Suryakiran team dazzles at 13th anniversary airshow". Deccan Herald. 2009-05-23. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. PTI (9 September 2013). "India agrees to provide $66.15 million to Laos". Times of India. Retrieved 2015-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Lao PDR" (PDF). Retrieved November 1, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>