This page contains a set of guidelines for Editors of Infogalactic articles. It covers the following topics:
- The dos and don'ts of being an editor
- What editors should be doing
- Tips and tricks on editing
It will be expanded over time as needed.
Note! You can only edit articles when you are logged in. To apply for an account, go to the Special:RequestAccount page.
Also, if you find a problem in any article that makes the article display incorrectly or is otherwise messed up (but not spelling etc issues) please check the bug list and consider filing a bug if the problem you are seeing is not listed there.
- 1 Dos and don'ts
- 1.1 Do read the Seven Canons
- 1.2 Don't engage in editing wars
- 1.3 Do add content even if it is incomplete
- 1.4 Do include a criticism section where appropriate
- 1.5 Use care when considering articles on joint topics
- 1.6 Don't use "weasel" words
- 1.7 Do be objective and relevant
- 2 What editors should be doing
- 3 Tips and tricks
Dos and don'ts
Do read the Seven Canons
Don't engage in editing wars
This is the most important don't of these guidelines. Do not engage in editing wars, which is the practice of reverting or modifying someone else's changes over and over again.
You will be removed as an editor for engaging in editing wars.
If you think that a change is warranted, suggest the changes in the Talk: page for that article. Sign your suggestions with four tildes (as mentioned in Help:Wiki_markup#Signing_comments).
Do add content even if it is incomplete
It is acceptable to create a stub article if you are pressed for time or you have a number of articles to write. By the same token, it is fine to leave sections incomplete or without any text. Such sections can be filled in by others who come across the page.
However, please take a moment to review the Infogalactic policy on notability when considering creating new pages.
Do include a criticism section where appropriate
For many topics it will be appropriate to include a section on criticism of the person or subject of your article. However, you must not use this as an opportunity to defend the subject. Instead, you should cite only substantive, sourced criticism of the subject of your topic. It is not the editor's responsibility to determine whether the criticism is correct or not, but merely to acknowledge that it exists. Criticism references should always be brief, specific, and credited to a specific individual or organization. Criticism should not be included on any page without a link to the specified source or a media report accurately describing the criticism and identifying the critic.
Good Example: In 2015, reporter Michael Rapoport described Day in The Wall Street Journal as "the most despised man in science fiction". Jeet Heer of New Republic referred to Day as "noxious", and "vile", and said that Day "makes no pretense to moderation."
Bad Example: A fellow contributor at The Huffington Post, R. J. Eskow, has written a number of columns commenting on Harris’s statements. In one column, Eskow characterized Harris as espousing a "brand of evangelical atheism," and questioned whether it was a creed of "intolerance." Harris states that he advocates a benign, noncoercive, corrective form of intolerance, distinguishing it from historic religious persecution. He promotes a conversational intolerance, in which personal convictions are scaled against evidence, and where intellectual honesty is demanded equally in religious views and non-religious view. In response to some of the most frequent criticisms of his work—many of which he says are unfair and which misunderstand or distort his true positions—Harris maintains a long and frequently updated post on his personal website where he addresses each claim.
Don't spread the criticism around the article as if you are refuting it point by point
When it is appropriate to include criticism in an article, do so by adding a new section towards the bottom of the article that includes criticism. Here you should focus on criticism that you can cite, not your objections to the subject of the article.
Don't turn the "Criticisms" section in an article into a section criticizing that article
When creating or adding to a "Criticisms" section in an article about "X" but you're only listing all the reasons why "X" is wrong, then consider creating a section or a separate article on "Opposing view" or "Alternative perspectives", if there is information and citations supporting assertions that "X" is wrong.
- Adding a criticism section the the article on Plate Tectonics that lists all the reasons it is wrong is inappropriate. However, if there are credible arguments that it is wrong, especially if credible alternative mechanisms or explanations have been then create a separate article on the alternatives and refer to the article on Plate Tectonics in the new article.
- The "September 11 attacks" article according to official accounts would feature a "Criticisms" or "Alternative accounts" section with a short summary paragraph or two with links to the expanded "9/11 conspiracy theories" and "9/11 Truth movement" articles which would also feature similarly short summary "Criticisms" sections with links back to the official accounts article.
Use care when considering articles on joint topics
A recent and now blocked editor created an article on Atheism and Bestiality seemingly on the basis that one prominent Atheist indicated limited support for bestiality on utilitarian grounds. There seemed to be little support for the contention that atheists in general engage in bestiality and there seem to be sufficient claims that people from certain parts of the world engage in it.
While there can be no general prohibition against joint topics, make sure that there is good support for you claims that the two topics are related.
Don't use "weasel" words
Make direct and correct statements. Do not use words that suggest that you, the author, do not believe the claims. If there are counter claims, state them with sources.
What not to write:
- John Scalzi claims to write Science Fiction novels. It is a verifiable fact that Scalzi writes science fiction.
- Some say that the Clinton campaign spread rumors that Barack Obama was a Muslim during the Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2008. If there are sources that have said so, quote them.
Note, however, that it can be appropriate when reporting sources to use words like claimed or alleged. For example: Milo Yiannopoulos was permanently banned from Twitter for allegedly "inciting abuse" against Leslie Jones.
Do be objective and relevant
Report the facts and do not let your feeling color what you write.
Also, think carefully about whether or not what you want to write belongs in the article you want to modify. For example, recent revelations about who spread rumors during the 2008 presidential campaign probably do not belong in pages relating to the candidates at that time. If they are relevant to arguments made during the current presidential campaign then they probably belong to that article.
Avoid signalling your disapproval of the topic
- Some Wikipedia editors label some views as conspiracy theories. An example is the previous version of the William S. Lind article which referred to Cultural Marxism as a conspiracy theory. Doing so is usually a dishonest technique to bias the reader against the subject of the article or the topic being discussed. Note, there are valid uses of the term conspiracy theory, just not everywhere someone's views are being discussed.
- Avoid using phrases with negative connotations when discussing your topic. Another example in the previous version of the William S. Lind page said, in discussing the claims that Lind was the author of the novel Victoria: A novel of 4th generation warfare, that Lind had "outed himsef" as the author of that book in an article in the The American Conservative.
- It is more correct to say that "It is claimed that Lind is the author." Further, until Lind says publicly that he is the author of the book, or the publisher reveals that Lind is the author, it is not correct to assert that Lind is the author. However, it is a fact that Paul Gottfried claims that Lind wrote the book.
What editors should be doing
Improving existing articles
Editors should take every opportunity to correct and enhance existing articles. This can include:
- Expanding existing sections with information that has been left out. Try to include references to articles outside Infogalactic if you can, but as a first pass just get the information in.
- Add new sections where relevant, especially if an important aspect of the subject has been left out. However, if you are adding new sections make sure you place them at an appropriate level, especially if they look like they should be subsections of an existing section.
- Fill in sections others have added but not completed.
You can always edit a page by clicking on the Edit button on the top of each page which will put the wikitext for the page or section into an Edit windows. That is also a good way to become familiar with the Help:Wiki_markup language used. When you have made a new edit, please be sure to describe what the new edit is about; this will save other editors a lot of time. You can describe your edit in the Summary field located just underneath the Edit window. If it is a minor edit, please check the box for that just underneath the Summary field.
Check the Recent changes page to see what has been added or changed that might need improving. Notice that the descriptions of the edits show up in gray italics in Recent Changes. This is the information that was added, during the edit, in the Summary window.
You should also be aware that there is a Discussion page associated with each article. You can edit the discussion page to:
- Ask questions
- Make suggestions
- Object to changes, etc.
You use the same wikitext markup language in talk pages.
In Tips and tricks you can find some information on how to create new sections and get other effects.
More guidance about using talk pages can be found at Help:Using_talk_pages#Talk_page_use.
Finding articles to improve
In addition to the previously mentioned recent changes page, there are collections of pages that have been marked for improvement. Stubs lists pages that have very little content, and articles to be expanded lists pages that are longer than stubs but still need to be expanded.
Creating new articles
Creating entirely new articles is something we hope you will do as well.
The first page you should create is your own user page. You can find your user page by entering the string User:<your-login-name> into the search field on the top right hand side of the screen. For example, entering User:Crew will find Crew's user page.
You can enter a short description, or no description in this page. However, you should also use it to create new pages:
- Somewhere on your user page, place the following text
[[User:<your-login-name>/Important New Topic|Most important topic in the world]]. Note, please replace the text "Important New Topic" with the title you want your article to have and replace the description text if appropriate. Don't worry if you get the title wrong because you can edit it later even after you create the new article (although it is a little more complicated to do so.) Note also, that your new article will appear in the User namespace until you move it. You can see an example at User:Crew.
- Save your user page and check that it did what you wanted. You can also click on Show preview rather than save to preview your changes.
- Once you save your user page, you will see a new red link in your user page which indicates that the article does not exist. If you hover over the red link you will see a popup telling you that the page does not exist.
- Click the new link and it will put you into the editor for that new article/page.
- Enter the text that you want.
- Once you have finished editing your article and are happy with it, you can move it to the main namespace using the More button next to the search field. It has a Move menu item in it that will appear when your hover over the More button.
You can also create differently-biased versions of existing pages. For the page title, you can use the topic name with parenthetic indication of the bias, i.e. "Topic name (viewpoint name)". To help users find the different versions, you can link them using the hatnote template. Here's an example of a page that has differently biased versions so you can see how you can do it.
In Tips and tricks you can find some information on how to create new sections and get other effects.
To help new editors create new articles we have started a series of templates which you can copy and revise to suit. Instructions are in each template. They are:
- Infogalactic:Template-Person for how to create a simple biographical article.
- Infogalactic:Template-Officeholder for how to create a simple article about a politician or other government official.
- Infogalactic:Template-Company for how to create a simple company article.
- Infogalactic:Template-Musical_artist for how to create an article about a musician, a singer, or other kind of musical artist.
- Infogalactic:Template-Scientist for creating a new article about a scientist.
- Infogalactic:Template-Restaurant for how to create a simple restaurant article.
- Infogalactic:Template-Settlement for how to create a simple city or town article.
- Infogalactic:Template-Prepared_food for how to create a simple article about a particular dish.
- Infogalactic:Template-Event for how to create a simple article about any past event.
- Infogalactic:Template-Book for how to create a simple article about a book.
- Infogalactic:Template-Film for how to create an article about a film or movie.
- Infogalactic:Template-Blog for creating a simple article about a blog.
- Infogalactic:Template-Comics_Character for how to create an article about your favorite comic book character.
- Infogalactic:Template-Album for how to create an article about a music album.
- Infogalactic:Template_Game for how to create an article about a game.
- Infogalactic:Template_Video_Game for how to create an article about a video game.
New editors seem unfamiliar with the template available for citing other works, especially on the Web.
Review the documentation at the Template:Citation documentation for how to construct citations.
Tips and tricks
To insert a new section, go to the place in the edit window where you want the new section, and add
==New section==. Remember to replace New section with the section name you want. The number of spaces before and after your section text does not matter.
The number of equal signs (=) you use specifies the level, so three will give you a level three header. The following shows, side-by-side what to use and what it looks like.
== Section ==
=== Subsection ===
==== Sub-subsection ====
To highlight text, follow the following guidelines:
|What you type||What appears|
|To ''italicize text'', put two consecutive apostrophes on each side of it.||To italicize text, put two consecutive apostrophes on each side of it.|
|Three apostrophes each side will '''bold the text'''.||Three apostrophes each side will bold the text.|
|Five consecutive apostrophes on each side (two for italics plus three for bold) produces '''''bold italics'''''.||Five consecutive apostrophes on each
side (two for italics plus three for bold) produces bold italics.
You can try out wikitext on the Sandbox page.