The term interculturality refers to any aspect of any interaction between any cultures.
A culture is understood as a group of people with a common identity that is based on common attributes, attitudes, practices and so on (such as a community of practice). Culture can include language, ways of thinking, ways of life, institutions, laws, rules of etiquette, sexual practices, material objects. When two groups meet whose cultures differ significantly in any respect, interculturality becomes an issue.
Interculturality is becoming increasingly important in the modern world as more and more people migrate from one country to another to escape from conflict, persecution or poverty, or to reunite families. Interculturality is often problematic, because racism and xenophobia are widespread and locals and migrants often compete for limited resources or employment opportunities. But interculturality also has benefits, including cultural enrichment and creativity.
On a local scale, United Cities and Local Governments includes interculturality as one of the basic principles of the Agenda 21 for culture, the first document of world scope that establishes the foundations for a commitment by cities and local governments to cultural development.
Interculturality is also defined by the Ariticle 2 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.