Irish stew

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Irish stew
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Origin
Place of origin Ireland
Details
Type Stew
Main ingredient(s) Lamb, potatoes, carrots, onions, parsley

Irish stew (Irish: stobhach / Stobhach Gaelach)[1] is any variety of meat-and-root vegetables stew native to Ireland. As in all traditional folk dishes, the exact recipe is not consistent from time or place to place. Common ingredients include lamb, or mutton (mutton is used as it comes from less tender sheep over a year old, is fattier, and has a stronger flavour, and was generally more common in less-affluent times) as well as potatoes, onions, and parsley.[2] It may sometimes also include carrots. Irish stew is also made with kid goat.

History

Stewing is an ancient method of cooking meats that is common throughout the world. However, the Celts did not possess their first bronze cauldrons, copied from Greek models, until the seventh century BC. After the idea of the cauldron was imported from Europe and/or Britain, the cauldron (along with the already established spit) became the dominant cooking tool in ancient Ireland, ovens being practically unknown to the ancient Gaels.[4] The cauldron, along with flesh-hooks for suspending the meat, eventually became preferred over the spit for feasting purposes, as evidenced by archaeological findings that indicate a predominance of flesh hooks over roasting spits in Ireland and Britain (Cunliffe, Barry; "Britain Begins"; 2012). Many food historians believe that goat was originally the meat of choice, eventually being supplanted by beef and mutton.[5]

The root vegetables and meat (originally goat) for the stew were then all in place, save for the potato. The introduction of the potato, originally a South American crop, did not occur until after the sixteenth century.

See also

References

  1. "Focal.ie". Focal.ie. Retrieved 2012-04-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Home Cooking: Traditional Irish Stew". Homecooking.about.com. 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-04-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Davidson, Alan. (2006). Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (p. 409).
  4. "A History of Irish Cuisine". Ravensgard.org. Retrieved 2012-04-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "How to cook an Irish stew". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 3 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Bibliography

  • Davidson, Alan & Jaine, Tom (2006) Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780192806819