Isa Gambar

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İsa Yunis oğlu Qəmbər
Isa Gambar.jpg
Gambar in 2013
Acting President of Azerbaijan
In office
May 19, 1992 – June 16, 1992
Preceded by Ayaz Mutallibov
Succeeded by Abulfaz Elchibey
Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan
In office
May 18, 1992 – June 13, 1993
Preceded by Yagub Mammadov
Succeeded by Heydar Aliyev
Personal details
Born (1957-02-24) February 24, 1957 (age 65)
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Azerbaijani
Political party Müsavat
Spouse(s) Aida Bağırova

Isa Yunis oglu Qambar (Azerbaijani: İsa Yunis oğlu Qəmbər), also known as Isa Gambar or Isa Qambar (born February 24, 1957), is a prominent Azerbaijani politician and leader of the Equality Party (Müsavat), the largest opposition block in Azerbaijan.

Biography details

1974 Finished Baku High School No. 62
1979 Graduated from the Faculty of History, Baku State University (BSU)
1979–1982 Worked at the Nakhichevan Research Center
1982–1990 Azerbaijan's Academy of Sciences Researched at the Institute of Oriental Studies
1989–1991 Academy of Sciences and one of the founders and leaders of the Popular Front of Azerbaijan (PFA)
1990–1991 Deputy Chairman of PFA
1990 Member of Parliament (MP)
1991–1992 Chairman of the Parliamentary Commission on Foreign Relations.
1992 Elected Baskan (Chairman) by the Congress of Restoration Committee of Musavat.
May 1992 Elected Parliamentary Speaker
June 16, 1992 Acting President of the Azerbaijan Republic. Prepared the country for democratic election
June 13, 1993 Resigned after overthrow of democratically elected president of Azerbaijan
July 16, 1993 Arrested by the rebel forces that seized the power led by Heydar Aliyev
1999, 2001–2003 Co-Founder and Chairman of the Democratic Congress that included Azerbaijan's leading political parties
2000 Awarded the prize "A Friend of Journalists"
2003 Single presidential candidate for the opposition electoral bloc “Bizim Azərbaycan” (“Our Azerbaijan”) that associated more than 30 parties.

İsa Qambar is married and has two sons. His wife, Aida Bağırova, is a Doctor of History, a Professor at Baku State University.

2003 elections

Human Rights Watch commented on the 2003 elections:

Human Rights Watch research found that the government had heavily intervened in the elections campaign in favour of Prime Minister İlham Aliyev, son of the current President Heydar Aliyev. The government had stacked the Central Election Commission and local election commission with its supporters, and banned local non-governmental organizations from monitoring the vote. As the elections drew nearer, government officials have openly sided with the campaign of İlham Aliyev, constantly obstructing opposition rallies and attempting to limit public participation in opposition events. In some cases, local officials have closed all the roads into town during opposition rallies, or have extended working and school hours, in one case, even declaring a Sunday work day, to prevent participation in opposition rallies. (source:

2011 protests

In his role as leader of Müsavat, Gambar has played a major part in spring 2011 demonstrations inspired by other protests throughout the Middle East. He and his party have organized protests, occasionally joining with fellow opposition groups like the Popular Front Party to rally in Baku despite a government ban and the steadfast efforts of security forces to disperse gatherings and arrest activists. "There is a criminal, authoritarian and corrupt regime in Azerbaijan, and the people of Azerbaijan no longer want to live under these conditions," Gambar told The New York Times.[1] In early April, Ilkin Gambar, the opposition leader's son currently serving in the Azerbaijani Army, claimed on his Facebook page that he was being sent to the front lines in Azerbaijan's standoff with Armenia and that his father had been "warned" that this could be a result of his continuing involvement in protests. For his part, Isa Gambar said, "The Ministry of Defence has a right to place soldiers in any location at its disposal. So I don't want to politicize this issue."[2]

See also


  1. Schwirtz, Michael (4 April 2011). "Opposition in Azerbaijan Vows to Step Up Protests". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Najafli, Leyla (4 April 2011). "Ilkin Gambar sent to the front line – in connection to protests?". WhatWasWritten. Retrieved 25 April 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Forrest, Brett (Nov. 28, 2005). "Over A Barrel in Baku". Fortune, pp. 54–60.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Ayaz Mütallibov
President of Azerbaijan
May 19, 1992–June 16, 1992
Succeeded by
Abulfaz Elchibey