Isabella of Aragon, Queen of France

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Isabella of Aragon
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Isabella
Queen consort of France
Tenure 25 August 1270 – 28 January 1271
Born 1248
Died 28 January 1271 (aged 22–23)
Burial Basilica of St Denis
Spouse Philip III of France
Issue Louis
Philip IV of France
Robert
Charles, Count of Valois
House House of Barcelona
Father James I of Aragon
Mother Violant of Hungary
Religion Roman Catholicism

Isabella (1248 – 28 January 1271),[1][lower-alpha 1] infanta of Aragon, was by marriage Queen consort of France[3] from 1270 to 1271.[4]

Life

Isabella was the daughter of King James I of Aragon[5] and his second wife Violant of Hungary[6] and thus granddaughter of Yolanda de Courtenay.

In Clermont on 28 May 1262, Isabella married the future Philip III of France, son of Louis IX and Margaret of Provence. They had four sons:

  1. Louis (1265–1276)
  2. Philip IV "the Fair" (1268–1314), King of France
  3. Robert (1269–1271)
  4. Charles, Count of Valois (1270–1325)

She accompanied her husband on the Eighth Crusade against Tunis. On their way home, they stopped in Cosenza, Calabria. Six months pregnant with her fifth child, on 11 January 1271 she suffered a fall from her horse after they had resumed the trip back to France. Isabella gave birth to a premature stillborn son. She never recovered from her injuries and the childbirth, and died seventeen days later, on 28 January. Her husband took her body and their stillborn son and, when he finally returned to France, buried her in the Basilica of St Denis.[7] Her tomb, like many others, was desecrated during the French Revolution in 1793.

Her famous granddaughter was Queen Isabella of France.[8]

Family tree

Notes

  1. She had not been born yet when her father King James executed a will in January 1248 since he stipulates that if he had another male heir, he should become a knight Templar and if the newborn was daughter, she should enter the Monastery of Santa María de Sigena. Isabella was born after January of 1248.[2]

References

  1. Rodrigo Estevan 2009, p. 90.
  2. Zurita 1562-1580, p. 272 of PDF, Chapter XLIII, p. 272 of pdf.
  3. Sabine Geldsetzer, Frauen auf Kreuzzügen
  4. Patrick Weber, Les reines de France
  5. The new Cambridge medieval history / 5 C. 1198 - c. 1300. by David Abulafia and Rosamond MacKitterick. The standard work of reference on the whole of Europe, east and west, during the thirteenth century. Page 654.
  6. The book of deeds of James I of Aragon: a translation of the medieval Catalan Llibre dels Fets by Damian J Smith and Helena Buffery. Page 139.
  7. Alain Erlande-Brandenburg, Le roi est mort. Étude sur les funérailles, les sépultures et les tombeaux des rois de France jusqu'à la fin du xiiie siècle
  8. Ainsworth, Peter. (2006) Representing Royalty: Kings, Queens and Captains in Some Early Fifteenth Century Manuscripts of Froissart's Chroniques. in Kooper (ed) 2006.

Bibliography

  • Rodrigo Estevan, María Luz (2009). "Los testamentos de Jaime I: Repartos territoriales y turbulencias políticas". Cuadernos, Centro de Estudios de Monzón y Cinca Media (in Spanish) (35): 61–90. ISSN 1133-3790.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Zurita, Jerónimo. Ángel Canellas López; e-edition by José Javier Iso (Coord.), María Isabel Yagüe, and Pilar Rivero (original work dated 1562-1580) (ed.). Anales de Aragón (PDF) (in Spanish). Exma. Diputación de Zaragoza, «Institución Fernando el Católico».CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
French royalty
Preceded by
Margaret of Provence
Queen consort of France
25 August 1270 – 28 January 1271
Succeeded by
Marie of Brabant