1870 Italian general election

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
1870 Italian general election

← 1867 20 and 27 November 1870 1874 →

All 508 seats to the Italian Chamber of Deputies
  Majority party Minority party
  160x160px 160x160px
Leader Giovanni Lanza Urbano Rattazzi
Party Historical Right Historical Left
Leader's seat Vignale Alessandria
Seats won 233 195
Seat change Increase82 Decrease30
Popular vote 110,525 92,499
Percentage 45.9% 38.4%

Prime Minister before election

Giovanni Lanza
Historical Right

Elected Prime Minister

Giovanni Lanza
Historical Right

General elections were held in Italy on 20 November 1870, with a second round of voting on 27 November.[1] They were a snap election, called by Prime Minister Giovanni Lanza to take advantage by the Capture of Rome and to give parliamentary representation to the future capital of Italy.[2]

Only 530,018 men of a total population of around 26 million were entitled to vote. They were largely aristocrats representing rentiers from the north of the country, and held moderate political views including loyalty to the crown and low government spending.[3]

Electoral campaign

The Historical Right was led by the Prime Minister of Italy, Giovanni Lanza, a conservative politician from Piedmont.

The bloc of the Historical Left was led by Urbano Rattazzi, a liberal politician and former Prime Minister, who led the left-wing for more than a decade.

The electoral result was controversial; in terms of percentages, Prime Minister Giovanni Lanza fully exploited the prestige of the Capture of Rome against his parliamentary opponents. However, the turnout further declined after the Non expedit of Pope Pius IX, so that less than 1% of the total population of the country took part to this election.[4] The newly completed Italian State so revealed itself as a strict oligarchy with a deep fracture with its same population, creating a damage which was never really repaired.

After the election, Lanza was confirmed Prime Minister by the King.

Parties and leaders

Party Ideology Leader
Historical Right Conservatism Giovanni Lanza
Historical Left Liberalism Urbano Rattazzi


Summary of November 1870 Chamber of Deputies election results
Italian Parliament 1870.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Historical Right 110,525[lower-alpha 1] 45.9 233 +82
Historical Left 92,499[lower-alpha 1] 38.4 195 −30
Independents 37,950[lower-alpha 1] 15.7 56
Invalid seats[5] 24
Total 240,974 100 508 +15
Registered voters/turnout 530,018 45.5
Source: "La Stampa", Monday, December 5, 1870. [1]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Estimate
Parliamentary seats
Historical Right
Historical Left


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. La Stampa, Monday, December 5, 1870.
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, p1028
  4. The turnout was so low that many candidates that obtained a landslide in the first round, were obliged to the second round because the first one was annulled because the quorum of 50% of registered voters was not accomplished.
  5. The electoral law did not limit the number of constituencies where a candidate could stand, so many political leaders run and won in two or more constituencies, which consequently needed by-elections to fill their seats.