J. Christopher Stevens

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Chris Stevens
File:Ambassador christopher stevens.jpg
10th United States Ambassador to Libya
In office
June 7, 2012 – September 11, 2012
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Gene Cretz
Succeeded by Laurence Pope (Chargé d'affaires)[1]
Personal details
Born John Christopher Stevens
(1960-04-18)April 18, 1960[2]
Grass Valley, California, U.S.
Died September 11, 2012(2012-09-11) (aged 52)
Benghazi, Libya
Nationality American
Alma mater UC Berkeley
UC Hastings College of Law
National War College
Profession Diplomat, lawyer

John Christopher "Chris" Stevens (April 18, 1960 – September 11, 2012) was an American diplomat and lawyer who served as the U.S. Ambassador to Libya from May 22, 2012 to September 11, 2012.[3][4] Stevens was killed when the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya was attacked by Islamic militants on September 11–12, 2012.[3][5] There is an ongoing investigation regarding Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's private email server and whether the Russian hackers accessed location information from the server and coordinated the attack on the consulate.[6]

Early life and education

Stevens was born on April 18, 1960 in Grass Valley, California, the eldest of three siblings born to Jan S. Stevens, a California Assistant Attorney General,[7] and his wife Mary J. Stevens (née Floris),[8] from a West Coast family of French, Swedish and Chinook ancestry.[9] Stevens was raised in Northern California and had two younger siblings, Anne (b. 1962) and Thomas (b. 1965).[10]

Stevens' parents divorced in 1975, and both remarried. He had a half-sister, Hilary (b. 1980), from his father's second marriage.[7] His mother, a cellist, joined the Marin Symphony Orchestra (1969—2004),[11] and in 1976 married Robert Commanday, a music critic with the San Francisco Chronicle.[12][13]

Stevens was an AFS Intercultural Programs exchange student in Spain during summer of 1977, and graduated from Piedmont High School[14] in 1978. He earned a B.A. in history in 1982 at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a member of Alpha Tau Omega fraternity. From 1983 to 1985, he taught English as a Peace Corps volunteer in Morocco. He graduated with a J.D. from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law in 1989, and received an M.S. degree from the National War College in 2010.



Prior to joining the United States Foreign Service, Stevens was an international trade lawyer based in Washington, D.C.[4] He was admitted as an active member of the State Bar of California on January 26, 1990; he went on inactive status on August 1, 1991, and remained an inactive member for the remainder of his career.[15]

U.S. Foreign Service

Stevens joined the United States Foreign Service in 1991. His early overseas assignments included: deputy principal officer and political section chief in Jerusalem; political officer in Damascus; consular/political officer in Cairo and consular/economic officer in Riyadh. In Washington, Stevens served as Director of the Office of Multilateral Nuclear and Security Affairs; Pearson Fellow with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Senator Richard Lugar; special assistant to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs; Iran desk officer and staff assistant in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs.

He had served in Libya twice previously: as the Deputy Chief of Mission (from 2007 to 2009) and as Special Representative to the National Transitional Council (from March 2011 to November 2011) during the Libyan revolution. He arrived in Tripoli in May 2012 as the U.S. Ambassador to Libya.[4]

Stevens spoke English, French and some Arabic.[16]


Stevens was the first U.S. ambassador to die in office since the 1988 airplane crash in Pakistan which killed Arnold Lewis Raphel. Stevens was the eighth U.S. Ambassador to be killed while in office.[17] Libyan officials suggested that it might have been a revenge attack mounted by loyalists (of deceased Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi) who were defeated in the Libyan Civil War the previous year.[18] Later reports suggested that the attack was coordinated and planned in advance, with any protests either coincidental or possibly diversionary.[19] Libyan president Muhammad Magariaf blamed elements of Ansar al-Sharia for the killing, linking them to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.

During the attack a fire was set against the main consulate building with three Americans inside—Stevens, Sean Smith, and a security officer.[20] According to U.S. officials, the security officer escaped and the staff found Smith dead. However, the staff were unable to locate Stevens before being driven from the building under small-arms fire.[20] Stevens apparently became separated from his staff while trying to escape to the roof and was allegedly overcome by smoke inhalation.[21][22] Local civilians found Stevens and brought him to the Benghazi Medical Centre in a state of cardiac arrest. Medical personnel tried to resuscitate him, but he was pronounced dead at about 2 a.m. local time on September 12, 2012.[20]

John Christopher Stevens gravestone in Grass Valley, California

The surviving Americans were taken to a safe house. A rescue squad consisting of eight U.S. military or former military was sent from Tripoli, the capital. They were ambushed and the safe house came under attack. Two more Americans died, including one sent from Tripoli; several were wounded.[20][23][24] Later reports identified the victims as Tyrone S. Woods and Glen A. Doherty, both ex-Navy SEALs working as security and intelligence contractors.[25][26]

According to the Daily Mail, Ambassador Stevens had sent out a diplomatic cable expressing concerns that security at Benghazi was compromised on the day he was killed.[27] Stevens stated that two Libyan security groups were threatening to withdraw over a disagreement on U.S. policy whether centrist politician Mahmoud Jibril would become Libya's prime minister.

Stevens is buried in Forester's Cemetery in Grass Valley, California.[28]

See also


  1. "New US Charge D'Affairs starts his work in Libya". KUNA. October 10, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "California birth index search". FamilyTreeLegends. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "US ambassador 'killed in Libya'". BBC News. September 11, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Stevens, J. Christopher". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Margaret Coker (September 11, 2012). "U.S. Ambassador to Libya Is Killed". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Did Hillary's Email Get Ambassador Stevens Killed?". Investor's Business Daily. 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-06-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Stevens Remembered as a Man Who Cared Deeply for Libya". Salt Lake City Tribune. September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Jenny Monnet (28 September 2012). "Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens' Mother Spells Out Family Legacy". Indian Country Today. Retrieved 18 August 2013. Stevens was a 1/16th enrolled citizen of the Chinook Indian Nation<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Slain ambassador was member of local Chinook Tribe" Chinook Observer. September 13, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  10. Matt Bewig (March 18, 2012). "Ambassador to Libya: Who Is Chris Stevens?". allgov. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. The death of Chris Stevens, U.S. Ambassador to Libya, hits close to home.
  12. California Marriage Index, 1960–1985, accessed on ancestry.com on September 17, 2012
  13. "Slain Ambassador Chris Stevens was `A Very Smart, Very Funny Guy' says Cal Roommate Austin Tichenor". Napa Patch. September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Anita Creamer; The Sacramento Bee. "Slain U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens had Northern California roots". McClatchydc. Retrieved October 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. State Bar of California, Attorney Profile for John Christopher Stevens. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  16. Bradley Klapper (12 September 2012). "Chris Stevens: US envoy to the Arab world". Associated Press. Retrieved 23 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "US ambassadors killed in the line of duty". Boston. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Hammond, Andrew (September 12, 2012). "Libya official says Gaddafi loyalists killed U.S. diplomats". Reuters. Retrieved May 19, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. CBS/AP. "U.S. officials: Deadly Libya attack likely planned". CBS News. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Hadeel Al Shalchi. "In Libya, deadly fury took U.S. envoys by surprise". Reuters. Retrieved September 13, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Ambassador, victims got separated trying to escape to roof during attack. CNN September 11, 2012
  22. Kevin Dolak; Dean Schabner; Enjoli Francis; Anthony Castellano (September 11, 2012). "Ambassador to Libya Killed By 'Small and Savage Group'". ABC News. Retrieved September 11, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Libya: Assault on U.S. consulate in Benghazi leaves 4 dead, including U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens CBS News September 11, 2012
  24. US confirms ambassador killed in Benghazi Libya BBC News September 11, 2012
  25. "Statement on the Deaths of Tyrone S. Woods and Glen A. Doherty in Benghazi, Libya". U.S. Department of State. September 13, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Two SEAL vets from SD killed in Libya". U-T San Diego. Retrieved September 14, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Gye, Hugo (October 8, 2012). "Revealed: Ambassador to Libya told officials of security worries on day he died in consulate raid as special forces chief says he asked for 'more not less' back-up month before attack". Daily Mail (UK). Retrieved October 10, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Chris Stevens; Original name: John Christopher Stevens at Find a Grave

External links