Jack Paradise

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Jack L. Paradise is a professor emeritus of pediatrics at University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine[1] and a leading researcher of the placement of tympanostomy tubes in children with persistent otitis media.


Paradise asserts that the common fear of developmental problems caused by persistent ear infections in children are unfounded. According to Paradise's research, for children up to 3 years old, "ear disease does not cause any developmental problems."[2] The research asserts that if the insertion of tympanostomy tubes into a child's ear is delayed, there is "no effect on a child's performance on language tests and speech tests."[3]

In otherwise healthy children ages 9 to 11 who have persistent middle-ear effusion, a study led by Paradise concluded that "prompt insertion of tympanostomy tubes does not improve developmental outcomes."[4]

Impact on medical community

According to the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Paradise's studies have helped to promote the use of strict criteria for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. The 78% decline in pediatric tonsillectomies in the United States between 1971 and 1996 has also been largely attributed to his work.[5]

External links


  1. "Fluid In The Ear Does Not Impair Development In Children, Pittsburgh Ear Study Finds". Medical News Today. January 24, 2007. Retrieved 2009-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Rowland, Rhonda (April 18, 2001). "Researchers urge caution in using ear tube surgery". CNN. Retrieved 2009-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Emery, Gene (January 17, 2007). "Ear tubes do not aid child development:study". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Paradise, Jack (January 18, 2007). "Tympanostomy Tubes and Developmental Outcomes at 9 to 11 Years of Age". New England Journal of Medicine. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Medical Society. 356 (3): 248–261. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa062980. PMID 17229952. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Physician Profile: Jack L. Paradise, MD". Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC. Retrieved 2009-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>