James Andrew Seddon

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File:James Seddon.gif
Seddon in the early 1900s.

James Andrew Seddon (7 May 1868 – 31 May 1939) was a British trades unionist and politician.[1] Originally a member of the Labour Party, he subsequently moved to the National Democratic and Labour Party.[2]

Seddon was born in Prescot, Lancashire in 1868. Having served an apprenticeship as a grocer, he spent ten years working as a commercial traveller.[3] He subsequently became the delegate of the St Helens branch of the National Amalgamated Union of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks. He was elected as vice-president and then president of the union in 1901 and 1902.[4]

In 1906 he was elected Labour MP for Newton, Lancashire.[2] He held the seat at the subsequent general election in January, 1910, but was defeated by 144 votes in the December 1910 poll.[5] Seddon continued his work with the union movement, was reselected as Labour candidate for Newton and elected a member of the parliamentary committee of the Trades Union Congress in 1911.[6] In 1915 he was elected President of the TUC.[7]

In 1915 Seddon became a founding member of the Socialist National Defence Committee. The SNDC was short-lived, becoming part of the British Workers League in 1916.[2] In 1917 he resigned from the Labour Party, citing a "change of view" caused by the First World War.[8]

In late spring 1918 the British Worker's League resolved to become a parliamentary party. The National Democratic and Labour Party (British Workers League) or NDP was duly formed as a "patriotic working-class party".[2]

At the 1918 general election Seddon successfully contested the Hanley constituency for the NDP, becoming one of the new party's nine MPs. He had the support of the coalition government, and therefore did not face opposition from either the Conservative or Liberal Parties.[2] He was vice-chairman of the party in the Commons from 1918, before becoming chairman in 1920.[1] he was made a Companion of Honour in 1918.[1] Seddon's parliamentary career came to an end in 1922: along with the other NDP MPs he lost his seat at the October general election, despite campaigning as a "National Liberal".[2]

Seddon continued his interest in politics outside of parliament. In 1925 he helped found the Steel House Constructors Union, claiming a programme of building steel houses could employ 150,000 men.[9] He became a member of the Industrial Peace Union of the British Empire formed after the General Strike of 1926.[10]

J. A. Seddon died of a heart attack at his home in New Barnet, Middlesex on 31 May 1939, aged 71.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Obituary: Mr J. A. Seddon, The Times, 1 June 1939
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Roy Douglas (September 1972). "The National Democratic Party and the British Workers' League". The Historical Journal. Cambridge University Press. 15: 533–552. doi:10.1017/s0018246x00002818. JSTOR 2637769.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Biographies of New Members, The Times, 17 February 1906, p.14
  4. National Union of Shop Assistants, The Times, 9 April 1901, p.5
  5. Last Night's Returns - The Unionist Gains, The Times, 8 December 1910, p.10
  6. Trades Union Congress, The Times, 11 September 1911, p.5
  7. "Details of Past Congresses" (PDF). Trades Union Congress. Retrieved 1 September 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Labour Candidate's Change of View, The Times, 27 March 1917, p.5
  9. Case for Dilution in Building Industry, the Times, 26 March 1925, p.18
  10. Industrial Peace Union, The Times, 9 February 1928, p.2

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Pilkington
Member of Parliament for Newton
19061910
Succeeded by
Roundell Cecil Palmer
Preceded by
R. L. Outhwaite
Member of Parliament for Hanley
19181922
Succeeded by
Myles Harper Parker
Trade union offices
Preceded by
James Crinion and George Henry Roberts
Trades Union Congress representative to the American Federation of Labour
1912
With: Robert Smillie
Succeeded by
Thomas Greenall and Ivor Gwynne
Preceded by
William John Davis
President of the Trades Union Congress
1915
Succeeded by
Harry Gosling