James Garesche Ord

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J. Garesche Ord
File:James Garesche Ord.jpg
Major General J. Garesche Ord, Chairman of the Joint Brazil–U.S. Defense Commission in World War II.
Nickname(s) "Sunny"
"Garry"
Born (1886-10-18)October 18, 1886
Fort Lewis, Durango, Colorado
Died April 17, 1960(1960-04-17) (aged 73)
Washington, D.C.
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1909–1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Service number O-2608
Commands held 12th Infantry Regiment
57th Infantry Regiment
28th Infantry Division
Joint Brazil-US. Defense Commission
Battles/wars Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
World War II
Awards Legion of Merit
Order of Abdon Calderón, First Class (Ecuador)
Order of Military Merit (Brazil) (Grand Officer)
Relations Edward Otho Cresap Ord II (Father)
Jules Garesche “Garry” Ord (Uncle)
James Thompson Ord (Uncle)
James Basevi Ord (Cousin)
Edward Otho Cresap Ord (Grandfather)

James Garesche Ord (October 18, 1886 – April 17, 1960) was a United States Army Major General who Commanded the 28th Infantry Division and was Chairman of the Joint Brazil–U.S. Defense Commission during World War II.

Early life

J. Garesche Ord, nicknamed "Sunny" and "Garry," was born at Fort Lewis near Durango, Colorado on April 18, 1886. He was the son of Major Edward Otho Cresap Ord II (1858–1923) and Mary Frances (Norton) Ord.[1]

His grandfather was Major General Edward Otho Cresap Ord (1818–1883), and his great-grandfather was First Lieutenant James Ord (1789–1872).[2]

His uncle, Jules Garesche "Garry" Ord (1866–1898) was also an Army officer, and has been credited by historians with sparking the charge up San Juan Hill during the Spanish–American War, at which Jules Ord was killed.[3][4]

Another uncle, James Thompson Ord (1863–1905), was a Captain in the Army, and his son, Lieutenant Colonel James Basevi Ord (1892–1938) was the cousin of James Garesche Ord.[5][6]

Start of career

James Garesche Ord graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1909 and received his commission as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry. Initially assigned to the 30th Infantry Regiment, his early postings included Fort Davis and Fort Gibbon in Alaska, the Presidio of San Francisco, and Plattsburg Barracks in New York.[7][8][9]

Ord served at Eagle Pass and San Antonio, Texas during the Pancho Villa Expedition, and was then assigned as Professor of Military Science at Culver Military Academy.[10][11]

World War I

In 1917 Ord was assigned as aide-de-camp to Hunter Liggett. He served on the staff of the American Expeditionary Forces Headquarters and the 41st Division, and was assigned as Provost Marshal for I Corps before serving again as Liggett’s Aide at the end of the war and during the post-war occupation of Germany.[12][13]

Post-war

After the war Ord’s assignments included Assistant Plans, Operations and Training Officer (G3) for Third Army. He graduated from the Command and General Staff College in 1924 and remained as an instructor. He graduated from the Army War College in 1929.[14]

From 1930 to 1934 Ord served on the Supply and Logistics staff (G4) at the War Department, and he commanded the 12th Infantry Regiment from 1934 to 1936.[15][16] Ord was Director of the Infantry Board at Fort Benning from 1936 to 1938. (The Infantry Board was one of several panels the Army used to consider modernization of training, tactics, weapons and vehicles in the years before World War II.)[17] From 1938 to 1940 Ord commanded the 57th Infantry Regiment in the Philippines.[18]

World War II

In 1940 Ord was assigned as a Regular Army observer and advisor for the Pennsylvania National Guard, responsible for taking steps to improve individual and collective readiness for the 28th Infantry Division during the train-up in advance of World War II.[19]

From 1940 to 1942 he was Deputy Commander of the 1st Infantry Division, receiving promotion to Brigadier General. From February to June, 1942 Ord commanded the 28th Infantry Division, capitalizing on the relationships he had developed while advising the Pennsylvania National Guard in 1940. Ord commanded the division until being succeeded by Omar Bradley.[20][21][22]

Ord served as a member and later Chairman of the Joint Brazil-US. Defense Commission from 1943 to 1945. The commission worked to strengthen military ties between the two countries during the war, reducing the likelihood of Axis powers attacks on US shipping as soldiers traveled across the Atlantic to Africa and Europe, and minimizing the influence of the Axis in South America.[23][24]

Awards

Ord’s Army awards and decorations included the Legion of Merit. His foreign awards included Ecuador's Order of Abdon Calderón, First Class, and Brazil’s Order of Military Merit (Grand Officer) and War Medal.[25][26]

Retirement, death and burial

Ord retired in 1946 and resided in Washington, D.C. until his death from a heart attack at Walter Reed Army Medical Center on April 17, 1960. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section 2, Site 979 LH.[27][28]

Family

In April 1927 Ord married Irene Helen Walsh of Memphis, Tennessee (1900-1993). They were the parents of three children: James G. Ord, Jr. (1928-1994); Marian E. Ord (born 1930); and Edward O. C. Ord (born 1936).[29][30]

Irene Walsh Ord was a graduate of West Tennessee College and the University of Tennessee Law School, and practiced law before her marriage to Ord. In 1979 she married Brigadier General (Retired) Philip S. Gage (1885-1982), one of Ord’s West Point classmates.[31]

References

  1. West Point Association of Graduates, Memorial article, James Garesche Ord, retrieved June 11, 2014
  2. George Washington Cullum, Edward Singleton Holden, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 6, Part 2, 1920, page 1436
  3. Frank Everson Vandiver, Black Jack: The Life and Times of John J. Pershing, Volume 1, 1977, page 204
  4. G. J. A. O'Toole, The Spanish War: An American Epic – 1898, 1986, page 318
  5. North & South Magazine, Incorporated, North & South: The Magazine of Civil War Conflict, Volume 8, 2005, page 393
  6. Bernarr Cresap, Appomattox Commander: The Story of General E.O.C. Ord, 1981, page 399
  7. George Washington Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 5, 1910, page 833
  8. California Digital Newspaper Collection, San Francisco Call, A General Court Martial is Appointed to Meet at Fort Gibbon, Alaska, February 7, 1913
  9. George Washington Cullum, Edward Singleton Holden, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 6, Part 2, 1920, page 1436
  10. George Washington Cullum, Edward Singleton Holden, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 6, Part 2, 1920, page 1436
  11. Edgar Z. Steever, James L. Frink, The Cadet Manual, 1918, page xxi
  12. Georgetown University Library, Ord Family Papers, Description, photo 79060, J. G. Ord, Aide de Camp, World War I, Germany, retrieved June 11, 2014
  13. George Washington Cullum, Edward Singleton Holden, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 6, Part 2, 1920, page 1436
  14. Commandant, General Service Schools, Fort Leavenworth, Annual Report, 1927, page 5
  15. George Washington Cullum, West Point Association of Graduates, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 8, Part 2, 1940, pages 218-219
  16. George Washington Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume 7, 1930, page 842
  17. Cresap Society, The History of the Cresaps, 1987, page 410
  18. Harrisburg Telegraph, Colonel Ord Due in July, May 2, 1940
  19. Michael E. Weaver, Guard Wars: The 28th Infantry Division in World War II, 2010, page 67
  20. George Catlett Marshall, author, Larry I. Bland, Sharon Ritenour Stevens, editors, The Papers of George Catlett Marshall: July 1, 1939-December 6, 1941, 1986, page 635
  21. Pegge Parker, 'teen Topics by Pegge Parker: The Greatest Generation Reflected in Vintage Advice Columns, 2008, pages 103-104
  22. Pottstown Mercury, Major Gen. Bradley Takes Command of 28th Division: Gen. Ord Transferred, July 1, 1942
  23. Stetson Conn, Byron Fairchild, Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, The Framework of Hemisphere Defense, 1960, page 319
  24. Dwight David Eisenhower, The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower: The War Years, 1970, page 138
  25. Association of Graduates, United States Military Academy, Register of Graduates and Former Cadets of the United States Military Academy, 1975, page 316
  26. George Washington Cullum, Edward Singleton Holden, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy, Volume 9, 1950, page 133
  27. Potomac Corral of the Westerners, Corral Dust: Death Notice, James G. Ord, Volume 10, 1960, unknown page number
  28. Arlington National Cemetery, Gravesite Locator, retrieved June 11, 2014
  29. Army and Navy Journal, Incorporated, Army, Navy, and Air Force Journal, Volume 97, Issues 27-52, 1960, page 961
  30. John McGill, The Beverley family of Virginia: descendants of Major Robert Beverley, 1641-1687, and allied families, 1956, page 692
  31. Arlington Cemetery.Net, Obituary, Irene W. Gage, retrieved June 11, 2014

External links