James Prince Lee

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The Right Reverend
James Prince Lee
Bishop of Manchester
James Prince Lee
Mezzotint by Thomas Lupton (after a contemporary portrait by Sir John Watson Gordon)
Diocese Diocese of Manchester
Elected 11 November 1847
Installed 11 February 1848
Term ended 24 December 1869
Successor James Fraser
Ordination 1830
Consecration 23 January 1848
Personal details
Born 28 July 1804
Died 24 December 1869 (aged 65)
Mauldeth Hall, Heaton Norris, Lancashire
Buried Heaton Mersey churchyard
Nationality English
Denomination Church of England
Residence Mauldeth Hall
Parents Stephen and Sarah Lee
Spouse Susannah Penrice
Children Two daughters: Sophia ; Susannah[1]
Alma mater

James Prince Lee, MA, DD (28 July 1804 – 24 December 1869) was an English clergyman and schoolmaster who became Chief Master of King Edward's School, Birmingham, and later the first Bishop of Manchester.

Early life

Born in London, he was educated at St Paul's School, London and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he displayed exceptional ability as a classical scholar, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in 1828; later graduating with a Master of Arts in 1831 and Doctor of Divinity in 1861.[2][3] He married Susannah, elder daughter of George Penrice, of Elmbridge, Worcestershire, on 25 December 1830, and they had two daughters.[2] After his ordination in the Anglican ministry in 1830, he served an assistant master under Dr Arnold at Rugby School, who thought highly of him.[2][3] In 1837, he became Rector of Ayot St Peter, Hertfordshire, and in 1838 headmaster of King Edward's School, Birmingham, where he had among his pupils E. W. Benson, J. B. Lightfoot and B. F. Westcott. There is also a house named after him. He was also appointed an Honorary Canon of Worcester in 1847.[2][3]

Episcopal career

On 23 October 1847, he was nominated the first bishop of the newly constituted Anglican Diocese of Manchester by Queen Victoria, on the advice of Lord John Russell.[3][4][5] His election took place on 17 November 1847,[5] followed by consecration on 23 January 1848, and enthronment at Manchester Cathedral on 11 February 1848.[4]

Lee's schoolmasterly manner was an irritation to his clergy.[3] However, he carried out great work in church extension.[3] During his twenty-one years' tenure of the see, he consecrated 130 churches. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1849.[6] He took a foremost part in founding the Manchester free library in 1852, and bequeathed his own valuable collection of books to Owens College.[2][3]

He died at his home, Mauldeth Hall,[7] Stockport, in 1869, and was buried in Heaton Mersey churchyard. His memorial sermon was preached by the Rev. Edward Benson (afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury) and was published with biographical details by J. F. Wickenden and others.


  1. Who married the Rev. John Booker and the Rev. Charles Evans respectively; South Manchester Reporter; 28 February 2013; p. 19
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Lee, James Prince (LY824JP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2F1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica%2FLee%2C_James_Prince "Lee, James Prince" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 260.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Horn, Smith & Mussett 2004, "Bishop of Manchester", Volume 11, p. 121.
  6. DServe Archive Persons Show
  7. "Mauldeth Hall". Parks & Gardens UK. Retrieved 6 July 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: display-editors (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Horn, J. M.; Smith, D. M.; Mussett, P. (2004). "Bishop of Manchester". Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Manchester, Ripon, and Sodor and Man Dioceses. Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857. Volume 11. British History Online.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  •  Sutton, Charles William (1892). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2FLee%2C_James_Prince_%28DNB00%29 "Lee, James Prince" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • University of Manchester Library. "Lee, Prince, Collection". Guide to Special Collections. University of Manchester. Retrieved 4 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Owens College (1870) A Catalogue of the MSS. and Printed Books, bequeathed to Owens College, Manchester by the late Right Rev. James Prince Lee. (Manchester, [1870]).

External links