Jean Aicard

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Jean Aicard
Jean Aicard Nadar.jpg
Jean Aicard, photo by Nadar, ca. 1880
Born Jean François Victor Aicard
(1848-02-04)4 February 1848
Died 13 May 1921(1921-05-13) (aged 73)
Language French
Nationality French

Jean Aicard by the sculptor Victor Nicolas (bronze bust, 1931).
"Un coin de table" (By the Table), group portrait by Henri Fantin-Latour, 1872. Standing, from left to right: Elzéar Bonnier, Emile Blémont and Jean Aicard. Seated: Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud, Léon Valade, Ernest d'Hervilly and Camille Pelletan.

Jean François Victor Aicard (4 February 1848 – 13 May 1921) was a French poet, dramatist and novelist.[1]


He was born in Toulon. His father, Jean Aicard, was a journalist of some distinction,[2] and the son began his career in 1867 with Les Jeunes Croyances, followed in 1870 by a one-act play produced at the Marseille theatre.

He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1909.

Jean Aicard died in Paris, 13 May 1921.[3]


His poems include: Les Rebellions et les apaisements (1871); Poèmes de Provence (1874), and La Chanson de l'enfant (1876), both of which were crowned by the Academy; Miette et Noré (1880), a Provençal idyll; Le Livre d'heures de l'amour (1887); Jésus (1896). Of his plays the most successful was Le Père Lebonnard (1890), which was originally produced at the Théâtre Libre. Among his other works are the novels, Le Roi de Camargue (1890), L'Ame d'un enfant (1898) and Tata (1901), Benjamine (1906) and La Vénus de Milo (1874); an account of the discovery of the statue from unpublished documents.[2]

Selected works

  • Les Rebellions et les apaisements (1871)
  • Les Poèmes de Provence (1874)
  • La Chanson des enfants (1876)
  • Miette et Note (1880)
  • Lemartine (1883) which received the prize of the Académie française[4]
  • Le Livre d'heures de l'amour (1887)
  • Jésus (1896)
  • Le témoin (1914-1916)
  • La Vénus de Milo (1874)
  • Le Roi de Camargue (1890)
  • Notre-Dame-d'Amour (1896), online at: [1]
  • L'Âme d'un enfant (1898)
  • Tatas (1901)
  • King of Camargue (1901)
  • Benjamine (1906)
  • Maurin des Maures (1908)
  • L'illustre Maurin (1908)
Dramatic works for stage
  • Pygmalion (1878)
  • Othello ou le More de Venise (1881)
  • Le Père Lebonnard (1889)
Works in English translation
  • King of Camargue (1901; translated by George B. Ives)
  • The Diverting Adventures of Maurin (1910; translated by Alfred Allinson)
  • "Mariette's Gift." In: Tales of Wartime France (1918; translated by William L. McPherson)


  1. "Jean Aicard | French poet". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-10-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chisholm 1911.
  3.  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [ "Aicard, Jean François Victor" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. PD-icon.svg Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Aicard". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [ "Aicard, Jean François Victor" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Jullian, Camille (1925). Jean Aicard, la Provence et le Félibrige. Paris: E. Champion.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Poiteau, Émile (1913). "Jean Aicard". Quelques Écrivains de Ce Temps. Paris: Bernard Grasset. pp. 73–79.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Preceded by
François Coppée
Seat 10
Académie française
Succeeded by
Camille Jullian