Jean de Lauson
|Jean de Lauzon|
|Occupation||lawyer, politician, businessman, colonial viceroy|
|Spouse(s)||1st: Marie Gaudar, 2nd: Anne Després (1651)|
Jean de Lauzon or de Lauson (1584 – 16 February 1666) was the Governor of New France from 1651 to 1657, one of the most challenging times for the new colony.
A prominent lawyer in France, in 1613 Lauzon was appointed a counsellor in the Parliament. He served in several government positions, including president of the Grand Conseil, intendant of Provence, then of Guyenne, and of Dauphiné.
He had been developing interests in the colony of New France. He was a founding member and became the director of the Compagnie des Cent-Associés. Lauzon used his influence within the company to obtain land for him and his sons in the colony. By 1640, the Lauzons had become the biggest landowners in the colony. Their properties included the Island of Montreal and Île d'Orléans.
Lauzon was appointed as Governor in 1651. He moved with his three sons — including Francois, the eldest, who was a member of Parliament for Bordeaux — to the colony. His wife had apparently died previously in France. All three sons married into other founding families of the colony after having been set up with various lands and positions within the area. The establishment of Lauzon's family in the colony was probably intended to inspire confidence amongst the settlers and encourage agriculture in addition to the fur trade. He was the first governor to pursue this type of policy.
In 1653, Lauzon negotiated a peace treaty with the Mohawk, an Iroquois nation based in what is now New York. It ended their attacks on French settlers and reduced the threat to the colony for some years. Afterward, he accorded to himself the monopoly on the fur trade; settlers sought to open the trade by petitioning King Louis XIII. The king responded by ordering the fur trade to be re-opened to all colonists.
Lauzon returned to France, where he continued his business and political career. He died in 1666 at the age 83, in Paris. One of his descendents, Marie-Catherine-Antoinette de Lauson, married Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière (1747-1749), who also served as Governor of Canada.
- Jean de Lauson, Dictionary of Canadian Biography, retrieved on 27 May 2007
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- "Jean de Lauzon", L’Encyclopédie de l’histoire du Québec / The Quebec History Encyclopedia, Marianopolis College, retrieved on 27 May 2007
Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge
|Governor of New France
Le Vicomte d'Argenson