Joan of Navarre, Queen of England
|Joan of Navarre|
|Duchess consort of Brittany|
|Tenure||2 October 1386 – 1 November 1399|
|Queen consort of England|
|Consort||7 February 1403 – 20 March 1413|
|Coronation||26 February 1403|
|Died||10 June 1437
(aged c. 66–67)|
|Burial||Canterbury Cathedral, Kent|
|Spouse||John IV, Duke of Brittany
m. 1386; dec. 1399
Henry IV of England
m. 1403; wid. 1413
|John V, Duke of Brittany
Marie, Duchess of Alençon
Margaret, Viscountess of Rohan
Arthur III, Duke of Brittany
Gilles, Lord of Chantocé and Ingrande
Richard, Count of Benon, Étampes and Marles
Blanche, Countess of Armagnac
|House||House of Évreux|
|Father||Charles II of Navarre|
|Mother||Joan of Valois|
Joan of Navarre, also known as Joanna (c. 1370 – 10 June 1437) was a Duchess consort of Brittany and a Queen consort of England. She was the regent of Brittany from 1399 until 1403 during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of King Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France. She was the Duchess consort of Brittany through marriage with John IV, Duke of Brittany and later the Queen consort of England through marriage with King Henry IV of England.
First marriage: Duchess of Brittany
On 2 October 1386, Joan married her first husband, John IV, Duke of Brittany (known in traditional English sources as John V). She was his third wife and the only one to bear him children. They had nine children:
- Jeanne of Brittany (Nantes, 12 August 1387 – 7 December 1388).
- Isabelle of Brittany (October 1388 – December 1388).
- John V, Duke of Brittany (Château de l'Hermine, near Vannes, Morbihan, 24 December 1389 – manoir de La Touche, near Nantes 29 August 1442).
- Marie of Brittany (Nantes, 18 February 1391 – 18 December 1446), Lady of La Guerche, married at the Château de l'Hermine on 26 June 1398 John I of Alençon.
- Marguerite of Brittany (1392 – 13 April 1428), Lady of Guillac, married on 26 June 1407, Alain IX, Viscount of Rohan and Count of Porhoët (d. 1462)
- Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (Château de Succinio, 24 August 1393 – Nantes, 26 December 1458).
- Gilles of Brittany (1394 – Cosne-sur-Loire, 19 July 1412), Lord of Chantocé and Ingrande.
- Richard of Brittany (1395 – Château de Clisson 2 June 1438), Count of Benon, Étampes, and Mantes, married at the Château de Blois, Loir-et-Cher on 29 August 1423 Margaret d'Orléans, Countess of Vertus, daughter of Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans.
- Blanche of Brittany (1397 – bef. 1419), married at Nantes on 26 June 1407 John IV, Count of Armagnac.
Second marriage: Queen of England
Her first husband died on 1 November 1399. She remained a widow for four years and acted as a regent for her son John V during that time. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, affection developed between Joan and Henry Bolingbroke (the future King Henry IV) while he resided at the Breton court during his banishment from England. In 1403, Joan became the second wife of Henry IV at Winchester Cathedral. They had no children, but she is recorded as having had a good relationship with Henry's children from his first marriage, often taking the side of the future Henry V, "Prince Hal," in his quarrels with his father.
Nevertheless, during the reign of Henry V, she was accused of using witchcraft to try to poison him. She was convicted in 1419 and imprisoned for about four years in Pevensey Castle in Sussex, England. After that she lived quietly at Nottingham Castle, through Henry V's reign and into that of his son, Henry VI. She was buried in Canterbury Cathedral next to Henry IV.
|Ancestors of Joan of Navarre, Queen of England|
- Leese, Thelma Anna (2007). Blood Royal: Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England, 1066–1399. Heritage Books Inc. p. 219.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Jones, Michael (1988). The Creation of Brittany. London: Hambledon Press. p. 123. ISBN 090762880X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Boutell, Charles (1863). A Manual of Heraldry, Historical and Popular. London: Winsor & Newton. p. 276.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to [[commons:Script error: The function "getCommonsLink" does not exist.|Script error: The function "getCommonsLink" does not exist.]].|
- Joan of Navarre Britannica Online
- Ceremonial de la Coronación, Unción y Exequias de los Reyes de Inglaterra in Historia Medieval del Reyno de Navarra
Title last held byJoan Holland
|Duchess consort of Brittany
2 October 1386 – 1 November 1399
Joan of Valois
Title last held byIsabella of Valois
|Queen consort of England
Lady of Ireland
7 February 1403 – 20 March 1413
Title next held byCatherine of Valois