Joan of Navarre, Queen of England

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Joan of Navarre
Joana Canterbury.jpg
Duchess consort of Brittany
Tenure 2 October 1386 – 1 November 1399
Queen consort of England
Consort 7 February 1403 – 20 March 1413
Coronation 26 February 1403
Born c. 1370
Pamplona, Navarre
Died 10 June 1437(1437-06-10) (aged c. 66–67)
Havering-atte-Bower, London
Burial Canterbury Cathedral, Kent
Spouse John IV, Duke of Brittany
m. 1386; dec. 1399
Henry IV of England
m. 1403; wid. 1413
Issue
among others
John V, Duke of Brittany
Marie, Duchess of Alençon
Margaret, Viscountess of Rohan
Arthur III, Duke of Brittany
Gilles, Lord of Chantocé and Ingrande
Richard, Count of Benon, Étampes and Marles
Blanche, Countess of Armagnac
House House of Évreux
Father Charles II of Navarre
Mother Joan of Valois

Joan of Navarre, also known as Joanna (c. 1370 – 10 June 1437) was a Duchess consort of Brittany and a Queen consort of England. She was the regent of Brittany from 1399 until 1403 during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of King Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France.[1] She was the Duchess consort of Brittany through marriage with John IV, Duke of Brittany and later the Queen consort of England through marriage with King Henry IV of England.

First marriage: Duchess of Brittany

On 2 October 1386, Joan married her first husband, John IV, Duke of Brittany (known in traditional English sources as John V).[2] She was his third wife and the only one to bear him children. They had nine children:

Second marriage: Queen of England

Joan of Navarre's arms as queen consort[3]

Her first husband died on 1 November 1399. She remained a widow for four years and acted as a regent for her son John V during that time. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, affection developed between Joan and Henry Bolingbroke (the future King Henry IV) while he resided at the Breton court during his banishment from England. In 1403, Joan became the second wife of Henry IV at Winchester Cathedral. They had no children, but she is recorded as having had a good relationship with Henry's children from his first marriage, often taking the side of the future Henry V, "Prince Hal," in his quarrels with his father.

Nevertheless, during the reign of Henry V, she was accused of using witchcraft to try to poison him. She was convicted in 1419 and imprisoned for about four years in Pevensey Castle in Sussex, England. After that she lived quietly at Nottingham Castle, through Henry V's reign and into that of his son, Henry VI. She was buried in Canterbury Cathedral next to Henry IV.

Ancestry

Footnotes

References

  1. Leese, Thelma Anna (2007). Blood Royal: Issue of the Kings and Queens of Medieval England, 1066–1399. Heritage Books Inc. p. 219.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Jones, Michael (1988). The Creation of Brittany. London: Hambledon Press. p. 123. ISBN 090762880X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Boutell, Charles (1863). A Manual of Heraldry, Historical and Popular. London: Winsor & Newton. p. 276.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

French nobility
Vacant
Title last held by
Joan Holland
Duchess consort of Brittany
2 October 1386 – 1 November 1399
Succeeded by
Joan of Valois
English royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Isabella of Valois
Queen consort of England
Lady of Ireland

7 February 1403 – 20 March 1413
Vacant
Title next held by
Catherine of Valois