Joanna of Bourbon

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Joanna of Bourbon
Jeanne de Bourbon.jpg
Queen consort of France
Tenure 1364–1378
Coronation 1 June 1364, at 2 PM
Born 3 February 1338
Vincennes, France
Died 6 February 1378 (aged 40)
Paris, France
Burial Basilique Saint-Denis
Spouse Charles V of France
Issue Charles VI of France
Louis, Duke of Orléans
House House of Bourbon
Father Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
Mother Isabella of Valois
Religion Roman Catholicism

Joanna of Bourbon (3 February 1338 – 6 February 1378) was Queen of France as the wife of King Charles V.

Early life

Born in the Château de Vincennes, Joanna was a daughter of Peter I, Duke of Bourbon, and Isabella of Valois, a half-sister of Philip VI of France.

From October 1340 through at least 1343, negotiations and treaties were made for her to marry Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy. The goal was to bring Savoy more closely into French influence.[1]

Marriage and Family

In 1350, she married the future Charles V of France. In 1364, she became the queen at the age of only 26. She and Charles had nine children:

  1. Joanna (September 1357 – 21 October 1360, at Abbaye St Antoine des Champs, France)
  2. John (1359–1364)
  3. Bonne (1360 – 7 December 1360, Paris, France)
  4. John, Dauphin of France (Vincennes, 7 June 1366 – 21 December 1366)
  5. Charles VI of France (3 December 1368 – 22 October 1422)
  6. Mary (Paris, 27 February 1370 – June 1377, Paris)
  7. Louis I, Duke of Orléans (13 March 1372 – 23 November 1407)
  8. Isabella (Paris, 24 July 1373 – 13 February 1377, Paris)
  9. Catherine (Paris, 4 February 1378 – November 1388, buried at Abbaye de Maubuisson, France), m. John of Berry, Count of Montpensier (son of John, Duke of Berry)

In 1360, two of her children died within months of each other. Two more children died in 1364 and 1366. Two daughters also died within 5 months of each other in 1377. Her last child also died in childhood.

Death and burial

Joanna died in Paris two days after the birth of her youngest child, Catherine. Froissart[2] recorded that Joanna took a bath against her physicians' advice. Soon after, she went into labour and died two days after giving birth. The king was very upset. Her heart was buried in the convent of the Cordeliers Convent and her entrails in the royal necropolis of the Couvent des Célestins in Paris. The rest of her remains were then placed in the Basilique Saint-Denis.



  • Cox, Eugene L. (1967). The Green Count of Savoy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. LCCN 67-11030.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  1. Cox 1967, p. 57.
  2. J. A. Buchon, Collection des Chroniques nationales françaises écrites en langue vulgaire du treizième au seizième siècle, Chroniques de Froissart, Tome VII, Verdière, Libraire, Paris, 1824, p. 61
French royalty
Preceded by
Joanna I of Auvergne
Queen consort of France
Succeeded by
Isabeau of Bavaria