Joannicius II of Constantinople
|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople|
|Church||Church of Constantinople|
|In office||16 Nov 1646 – 28 Oct 1648
June 1651 – June 1652
Apr 1653 – March 1654
March 1655 – July 1656
|Died||1659 or 1660|
|Previous post||Metropolitan of Heraclea|
Joannicius was a native of Lindos on the island of Rhodes. He was appointed Metropolitan of Ganos and Chora in 1624 by Patriarch Cyril Lucaris and in 1636 he became the Metropolitan of Heraclea. Supported by the Moldavian Voivode, Vasile Lupu, he was elected the first time to the Patriarchal Throne on 16 Nov 1646.
Throughout the 17th century it was customary that the intrigues and quarrels into the Greek community and the Holy Synod caused rapid changes and re-instalments of Patriarchs: from 1595 to 1695 there were sixty-one changes and thirty-one Patriarchs. These frequent changes were encouraged by the Ottoman authorities who received a fee for each appointment. Joannicius too was subject to recurring depositions and re-election: he was deposed on 28 Oct 1648, re-installed for the second time in June 1651, deposed in June 1652, and he reigned again from Apr 1653 to March 1654 and from March 1655 to July 1656.
In 1654 he was imprisoned for being the main cause of the accumulating debts of the Patriarchate towards the Ottoman Porte. After the last deposition in 1656, he was appointed bishop of Kea and Thermia, where he retired until his death in 1659 or 1660.
To strength his position towards his opponents, he looked for the support of the Austrian Emperor and of Rome. For this reason he allowed Catholic missions to be settled in the Black Sea coasts and in the Cyclades. He anyway refused to sign a Catholic profession of faith as asked by Propaganda Fide, pleading his precarious position.
- R. Aubert (2000). "Joannikios II". Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques. 27. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. 1379-80. ISBN 2-7063-0210-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Runciman, Steven (1985). The Great Church in captivity : a study of the Patriarchate of Constantinople from the eve of the Turkish conquest to the Greek War of Independence. Cambridge University Press. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-521-31310-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Βιβλιοπαρουσίαση: Π. Γεωργαντζή: «Η Εκκλησία κατά το 1821»