John Clarke Hawkshaw

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John Clarke Hawkshaw
File:John Clarke Hawkshaw (W H Gibbs 1888).jpg
J. Clarke Hawkshaw. Steel engraving by W. H. Gibbs from a photograph by Witcomb
Born 1841
Died 12 February 1921
Nationality British
Engineering career
Engineering discipline Civil
Institution memberships Institution of Civil Engineers (president)

John Clarke Hawkshaw (1841 – 12 February 1921) was a British civil engineer.[1][2]


Hawkshaw was born in Manchester, England in 1841 and was the son of civil engineer Sir John Hawkshaw and Lady Ann Hawkshaw.[3][4] He attended Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was president of the University Boat Club and rowed in the annual Boat Race against Oxford University in 1863 and 1864.[5] On 9 December 1862 John Clarke Hawkshaw was commissioned as an ensign in the Third Cambridgeshire Rifle Volunteer Corps a Volunteer Force unit stationed at Cambridge University.[6][7] He resigned his commission as ensign in the unit on 1 December 1863.[8] Hawkshaw graduated with a Master of Arts degree and lived at Liphook in Hampshire.[9] By 1876 Hawkshaw was a partner in his father's civil engineering firm.[10]

In March 1876 Hawkshaw was elected a member of the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers, an institution that he would become president of in 1889.[10][11] He served as the 39th president of the Institution of Civil Engineers from November 1902 to November 1903.[12] In holding that office he followed in the footsteps of his father who had been the 11th president from December 1861 to December 1863.[13] The largest civil engineering project undertaken by the firm which was initiated by John Clarke Hawkshaw was the Puerto Madero docks in Buenos Aires, Argentina (1887–98). On 4 October 1884 Hawkshaw was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in the Engineer and Railway Staff Corps, an unpaid Royal Engineers unit which provides technical expertise to the British Army.[14] He was promoted to honorary Colonel and the Commandant of that corps on 6 February 1903, reverting to Lieutenant-Colonel on 1 April 1908.[15][16] In 1903 he was appointed a member of the Royal Commission to decide the British submission to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904.[17] Hawkshaw also served as a Justice of the Peace.[9] He was married to Cecily Mary Wedgwood the daughter of Francis Wedgwood of the famous pottery firm.[2] Hawkshaw died on 12 February 1921, Cecily had died in 1917.[1][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Nature (3 March 1921), Obituary, retrieved 6 January 2008 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 British Museum (Natural History) (1969), Bulletin 1959-1963, retrieved 6 January 2008 
  3. Masterton, Gordon (2005), ICE Presidential Address (PDF), retrieved 3 December 2008 
  4. Darwin Correspondence Project, Ann Hawkshaw, 1813–85, retrieved 6 January 2009 
  5. "Hawkshaw, John Clarke (HWKW860JC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  6. The London Gazette: no. 22689. p. 6315. 12 December 1862. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  7. RootsWeb, The Cambridgeshire Regiment, retrieved 6 January 2009 
  8. The London Gazette: no. 22793. p. 6311. 1 December 1863. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  9. 9.0 9.1 The Peerage (24 December 2006), John Clarke Hawkshaw, retrieved 6 January 2009 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Watson 1989, p. 79.
  11. Watson 1989, p. 166.
  12. Watson 1988, p. 252.
  13. Watson 1988, p. 251.
  14. The London Gazette: no. 25401. p. 4334. 3 October 1884. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  15. The London Gazette: no. 27522. p. 753. 6 February 1903. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  16. The London Gazette: no. 28207. p. 9758. 22 December 1908. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  17. The London Gazette: no. 27546. p. 2614. 24 April 1903. Retrieved 2009-01-06.


Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Charles Hawksley
President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
November 1902 – November 1903
Succeeded by
William Henry White