John Mordaunt, Viscount Mordaunt

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John Mordaunt, Viscount Mordaunt (c. 1681 – 5 April 1710) was an English soldier and politician.

The eldest son of Charles Mordaunt, 3rd Earl of Peterborough, he was educated at Christ Church, Oxford after travelling in Holland in 1699.[1]

He was elected, as a Whig Member of Parliament for Chippenham in 1701 despite a petition alleging, among other things, he was still a minor. (That year he was aged about 20.) He was a political ally of his father's and managed the attempt to impeach Lord Somers in the House of Commons in the same year.[2] At the General Election of 1705 he vacated his seat to unsuccessfully contest Nottinghamshire but returned to Chippenham later that year in a by-election caused by the death of a newly returned Whig member, and sat until 1708.[1]

He saw distinguished service during the War of the Spanish Succession. As a captain, he led the forlorn hope of the 1st Foot Guards at the Battle of Schellenberg in 1704, and was one of the few to survive that bloody assault. Shortly thereafter, he helped lead another furious assault at the Battle of Blenheim and lost his left arm.[1][3] On 25 August 1704, he was made colonel of the Scots Fuzileers in place of Brigadier Archibald Rowe, killed in the attack at Blenheim. On 26 June 1706 he exchanged regiments with Sampson de Lalo, then colonel of the 28th regiment, but resumed the colonelcy of the Scots Fuzileers in 1709[4] when de Lalo was killed at the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1708, he married Lady Frances Powlett (d. 1715), daughter of Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton. They had two sons:[5]

He died of smallpox[2] on 5 April 1710, and was buried at Turvey on 13 April.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 [1] History of Parliament Online article.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hattendorf, John B. (October 2006). "Mordaunt, Charles, third earl of Peterborough and first earl of Monmouth (1658?–1735)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 9 October 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "History of the Grenadier Guards". Retrieved 9 October 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "The Royal Scots Fusiliers". Retrieved 10 October 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  5. "Mordaunt genealogy". Retrieved 10 October 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Walter White
Edward Montagu
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
1701–1705
With: Walter White 1701–1702
James Montagu 1702–1705
Succeeded by
Sir James Long, Bt
Walter White
Preceded by
Sir James Long, Bt
Walter White
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
1705–1707
With: Sir James Long, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Chippenham
1707–1708
With: Sir James Long, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir James Long, Bt
James Montagu
Military offices
Preceded by
Archibald Rowe
Colonel of the Scots Fuzileers
1704–1706
Succeeded by
Sampson de Lalo
Preceded by
Sampson de Lalo
Colonel of Viscount Mordaunt's Regiment of Foot
1706
Succeeded by
Andrews Windsor
Preceded by
Sampson de Lalo
Colonel of the Scots Fuzileers
1709–1710
Succeeded by
Thomas Meredyth