John Peter Grant

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John Peter Grant
Sir John Peter Grant.png
Born (1807-11-28)28 November 1807
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Nationality British
Education Eton College; Edinburgh University
Alma mater East India College; Fort William College
Occupation colonial administrator
Spouse(s) Henrietta Isabella Phillippa Plowden

Sir John Peter Grant, GCMG, KCB, (28 November 1807 – 6 January 1893), was a British colonial administrator who served as Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal and as Governor of Jamaica.


John Peter Grant was born in London on 28 November 1807. His parents were the similarly named John Peter Grant, who came from Rothiemurchus, Inverness-shire, and his wife, Jane, a daughter of William Ironside from Houghton-le-Spring, County Durham.[1]

Grant was educated at Eton College from 1819, spent some time at Edinburgh University and then, in 1827, became a student at the East India College in Haileybury. He joined the Bengal Civil Service in the following year and spent some time at Fort William College in Calcutta before being appointed as an assistant magistrate in Bareilly. The experience there did not suit him and he returned to Calcutta in 1832.[1]

There followed a nine-year period during which Grant held various secretarial posts in the administration.[1]


Grant was responsible for the disestablishment of the Anglican Church in Jamaica, which took place in 1870,[2] and he also established a constabulary in 1867[3] as well as instituting Crown Colony rule there.[4]

He died at Upper Norwood on 6 January 1893.[5]


On 16 February 1835, Grant married Henrietta Isabella Phillippa Plowden at Calcutta Cathedral. She was the daughter of another Bengal Civil Service officer, Trevor Chichele Plowden. The couple had five sons and three daughters, one of whom subsequently married Sir Richard Strachey.[1]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Grant, Sir John Peter (1807–1893), administrator in India and colonial governor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11274.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Bryan, Patrick (2000). The Jamaican People, 1880-1902: Race, Class, and Social Control. University of West Indies Press. p. 49. ISBN 9789766400941.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Bryan, Patrick (2000). The Jamaican People, 1880-1902: Race, Class, and Social Control. University of West Indies Press. p. 81. ISBN 9789766400941.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Bryan, Patrick (2000). The Jamaican People, 1880-1902: Race, Class, and Social Control. University of West Indies Press. p. 12. ISBN 9789766400941.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5.  Carlyle, Edward Irving (1901). [ "Grant, John Peter (1807-1893)" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). In Sidney Lee (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Buckland, Charles Edward (1901). Bengal Under The Lieutenant-Governors. 1. Calcutta: S. K. Lahiri & Co. pp. 163–271.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Marsala, Vincent John (1972). Sir John Peter Grant, Governor of Jamaica, 1866-1874: An Administrative History. Institute of Jamaica.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Seton-Karr, Walter Scott (1899). Grant of Rothiemurchus; A Memoir of the Services of Sir John Peter Grant. London: John Murray (for private circulation).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Frederick James Halliday
Lieutenant-governor of Bengal
Succeeded by
Sir Cecil Beadon
Preceded by
Henry Knight Storks
Governor of Jamaica
Succeeded by
W. A. G. Young (acting)