John Verelst

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John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu, James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley, and an unknown man

John Verelst, also Jan or Johannes (29 October 1648 – 7 March 1734), was a Dutch Golden Age painter, working in England, in the time of Queen Anne's War.


He was the son of Pieter Hermansz Verelst and brother to Herman and Simon. Due to the slanting S of Simon in his signatures, flower still lifes in the manner of Simon Verelst are sometimes attributed to Johannes, while some of Johannes' portraits are attributed to Simon.[1]

Mohawk Kings

To seal a treaty with the British, four Iroquois delegates (called "Indian kings" by the British) visited London. Queen Anne was so impressed by these tall muscular foreign visitors that she had Verelst paint oilcolor of them in 1710 (see Four Mohawk Kings). This was one of the first paintings of aboriginal people. The chiefs came voluntarily and were well treated and entertained. They were Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row (Hendriks), Emperor of the Six Nations; Ho Nee Yeath Taw No Row (John), King of Generethgarich; Sa Ga Yeath Qua Pieth Tow (Brant) of the Maquais — he was the grandfather of Joseph Brant after whom Brantford, Ontario is named; and Etow Oh Koam (Nicholas), King of the River Nation. They had been persuaded to come to England by Peter Schuyler, acting Governor of New York in 1709 and some-time mayor of Albany. They stayed only one month and were able to return without contracting any European diseases. They were three Mohawks and a Mahican.[2]

The four portraits, now in the Library and Archives Canada, were featured on a Canadian postage stamp in 2010.[3]

Pieter Hermansz Verelst 1618–1688
Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644–1710 Herman Verelst 1641–1690 Johannes Verelst 1648–1734
Maria Verelst 1680-1744 Cornelis Verelst 1667–1734
William Verelst 1704-1752


  1. Johannes Verelst in the RKD
  2. Nelle Oosterom, "Kings of the New World", Canada's History, vol. 90, no. 2 (April/May) 2010, p. 26.
  3. Canada Post, details/en détail, vol. 19, no. 2 (April–June 2010), pp. 10-11.

See also Richmond P. Bond, Queen Anne's American Kings (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952).