Jolyon Palmer

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Jolyon Palmer
File:Jolyon Palmer Abu Dhabi.jpg
Palmer at Abu Dhabi in March 2014
Born (1991-01-20) 20 January 1991 (age 29)
Horsham, United Kingdom
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality United Kingdom British
2016 team Lotus-Renault
Car number TBC
Entries 6 (5 starts)
Wins 0
Podiums 0
Career points 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
Related to Jonathan Palmer (father)
GP2 Series career
Debut season 2011
Current team DAMS
Car no. 7
Former teams iSport International
Arden International
Carlin
Starts 84
Wins 7
Poles 4
Fastest laps 9
Best finish 1st in 2014
Previous series
2011
20092011
2008
200708
2006–07
2005–06
GP2 Asia Series
FIA Formula Two
FPA Autumn Trophy
Formula Palmer Audi
T Cars
T Cars Autumn Trophy
Championship titles
2014
2006
GP2 Series
T Cars Autumn Trophy

Jolyon Carlyle Palmer (born 20 January 1991 in Horsham) is a British professional racing driver and the 2014 GP2 Series champion. Palmer was educated at Cranleigh School and the University of Nottingham. He drove for the Lotus Formula One team as a test driver in 2015, and will replace Romain Grosjean as the full-time driver in 2016.[1]

Career

T Cars (2005–2007)

Having spent 2004 racing in MiniMax karts, Palmer moved up to cars in 2005 and specifically the T Cars championship's Autumn Trophy – a racing series for drivers between the ages of fourteen and seventeen years old. Palmer finished fifth in that championship, with a grand total of 92 points, 46 behind championship winner Adrian Quaife-Hobbs. He moved up to the main championship in 2006, earning one pole position and four podiums, and again finished fifth in the championship with 101 points, 69 behind champion Luciano Bacheta. Palmer also took part in a second Autumn Trophy, and dominated the championship by winning four of the six races. He took part in two races of the 2007 season, winning both but decided to concentrate on Formula Palmer Audi.

Formula Palmer Audi (2007–2008)

In 2007, Palmer moved to the series which his father, Jonathan, created nine years before. He finished 12th on debut at Silverstone, and his results gradually improved with him taking two wins (one at Brands Hatch[2] and one at Oulton Park[3]) and two pole positions at Brands,[4][5] on his way to tenth in the championship. He missed the final two rounds of the championship, due to an abdominal injury suffered in a quad bike accident at his home in West Sussex.[6]

He recovered in time for the start of the 2008 season, in which he was a championship challenger right up until the last few races of the season. Consistency was the key for Palmer, with one win (at the overseas race at Spa) and 11 podiums along with three pole positions (amazingly, all at Brands Hatch – meaning all five of his FPA poles came at the circuit) and ended up just 22 points behind Jason Moore, in third place. The Autumn Trophy and the FPA Shootout also brought third places for Palmer, taking three podiums from the six races.

FIA Formula Two (2009–2010)

2009 saw Palmer move up to the FIA Formula Two Championship, driving car number three.[7] His best result was a sixth-place finish at Imola. He returned to the series in 2010, winning the opening race of the season at Silverstone,[8] taking the first F2 win by a British driver since his father did so at Mugello in 1983.[9] Palmer picked up one fifth place finish in the next round at Marrakech, but bounced back to take both wins and the championship lead in the third round at Monza.[10] He eventually finished 2nd behind fellow Briton Dean Stoneman.

Palmer made a one-off return to F2 during the 2011 season at the Nürburgring, but was a non-starter in both races.

GP2 Series (2011–2014)

2011 season

File:J Palmer Monza 2011.jpg
Palmer driving for Arden at the Monza round of the 2011 GP2 Series season.

Palmer made his GP2 Series main season debut in 2011, driving for the Arden International team alongside Josef Král.[11] He scored a top ten finish on his debut weekend at Abu Dhabi and more top ten finishes followed at Istanbul and Valencia. A move to the Barwa Addax team for the non-championship GP2 Finals saw a breakthrough on his return to Abu Dhabi, with third and fourth places to end his debut year in the category on a high.

2012 season

File:Jolyon Palmer Monaco win.jpg
Palmer celebrates his Monaco GP2 win in 2012 with his father Jonathan

For the 2012 season, Jolyon switched to the iSport International team, alongside Marcus Ericsson. Despite topping the first practice session of the year in Malaysia, persistent electrical problems blighted the early part of his season, precipitating a change of chassis. Results immediately improved and a sixth place at Monaco was followed by his maiden GP2 victory in the sprint race there.[12] This was followed by a podium position at Silverstone, putting Palmer into the top ten of the leaderboard as the season entered its second half, although he ultimately slipped to 11th despite another podium finish at Monza.

2013 season

File:Jolyon Palmer Barcelona.jpg
Palmer on the grid in his DAMS car at Barcelona in 2014

For the 2013 GP2 Series season Palmer drove for Carlin, partnering Brazilian 2011 British F3 Champion Felipe Nasr. Scoring regular points throughout the year as well as demonstrating excellent overtaking prowess, Palmer scored his first win of the year in the Feature Race at the Hungaroring and then dominated on the streets of Singapore, taking pole, fastest lap and the Feature Race win, ending 13 seconds ahead of team-mate Nasr. Jolyon qualified in the top three in each of the final three events and finished 7th overall in the points table.

2014 season

Palmer switched to DAMS for the 2014 GP2 Series season and topped the opening day of pre-season testing at Abu Dhabi.[13] He qualified on pole for the first race of the season in Bahrain and finished on the podium. He won the Sprint Race the following day to lead the championship, a lead he held for the rest of the year and added another win in the feature race at Monaco.

At Hungary he prevailed in thrilling wheel-to-wheel contests with Felipe Nasr in both races, and tensions boiled over during the Sprint Race podium ceremony.[14]

At Monza, Palmer was forced to start at the back of the grid for the Feature Race, after his DAMS car was found to have less than the mandatory one litre of fuel remaining, having originally qualified fourth. Despite this, he finished eighth in the Feature Race, securing reverse grid pole for the Sprint Race, which he won to further extend his championship lead.[15]

Palmer clinched the championship at the first possible attempt, with a fourth win of the year at the new Sochi circuit in Russia. Jolyon won the title with three races to spare, and achieved an all-time points record in the series.

Speaking just after clinching the title he said: "It wasn't going to be easy to win the championship this weekend, especially today after missing out on pole yesterday. I can't thank the team enough, they've done an incredible job all year, we've been fighting for pretty much every Feature Race win and every pole with almost no mistakes. It feels amazing to be champion!

"The pressure is off us now and we've got another race tomorrow and another round at Abu Dhabi. We can go out now, enjoy it and have some fun!

"Looking through the list of previous GP2 Champions, they're all unbelievable drivers, and to be on that list is something which can't be taken away from me, it's an incredible feeling."[16]

On 19 November it was announced that Palmer would drive for the Sahara Force India F1 team at the Abu Dhabi post-season test on 25 November.[17]

Other racing activities

Following his GP2 success, Palmer was invited to take part in the 2014 Race of Champions held at the Bushy Park circuit in Barbados. The Race of Champions is an international motorsport event held at the end of each year featuring the world's best racing and rally drivers.

Palmer competed in the Race of Champions Nations Cup event for Team Young Stars, with DTM race-winner Pascal Wehrlein as his team-mate. The pair narrowly missed out on progressing from the group stages, with Palmer losing in close races to Robby Gordon and nine-time Le Mans winner Tom Kristensen but defeating European F3 Champion Esteban Ocon.[18]

In the actual Race of Champions event, Palmer put on an attacking display and just fell short of progressing to the quarter-final stage. Facing one of the toughest groups in the competition, Palmer narrowly lost to Tom Kristensen, Pascal Wehrlein and Indianapolis 500 winner Ryan-Hunter Reay.[19]

Formula One

Force India and Lotus (test roles)

Palmer got his first taste of a Formula One car at the end of season test at Abu Dhabi's Yas Marina Circuit on 25 November 2014.[20] Driving for the Force India team, he acquitted himself well and ended the day in fourth place, just 0.004s behind 2014 championship runner-up Nico Rosberg, despite technical gremlins interrupting his running.

On 20 January 2015 it was announced that Palmer had signed as test and reserve driver for the Lotus F1 Formula One team for 2015.[21] With 2010 champion Pastor Maldonado and 2011 champion Romain Grosjean as their official drivers, it is the first time that three GP2 champions have been together on the same team.

Palmer made his debut in the team's 2015 challenger, the E23 Hybrid, on day two of the official pre-season test in Barcelona.[22] Completing 77 laps, he ran a programme focused on data gathering and development work. He finished the day in eighth place, just 0.319s shy of two-time Formula One World Champion Fernando Alonso. Lotus F1 Team's Trackside Operations Director Alan Permane said: "Today was about data accumulation and Jolyon did a great job in his first time in the car, especially with the particularly cold conditions to start the session in the morning."[23]

He went on to make his Formula One debut on a Grand Prix weekend as he took to the track in Free Practice One at the third round of the 2015 season in China. Palmer impressed at the wheel of the E23 Hybrid as he completed a packed schedule of aerodynamic and set-up work to finish in 15th place overall on his first visit to the Shanghai circuit.[24]

Palmer impressed further in his next outing at the Bahrain International Circuit as he ended the session in 14th position, just 0.441s shy of his more experienced team-mate Pastor Maldonado.[25] He drove in Free Practice One at the Spanish Grand Prix, recording the 13th fastest time and finishing ahead of Maldonado,[26] before topping the timesheets on the second day of the in-season test in Barcelona on Wednesday 13 May.[27] On 11 June 2015 it was announced that he would drive in Free Practice 1 for the rest of the European season, a total of 5 Grands Prix, which would take him from Austria to Italy, replacing Frenchman Romain Grosjean.[28]

He produced strong performances in FP1 in both Austria and Britain, his home Grand Prix, to finish in 14th position before suffering from limited running in Hungary.[29] Palmer tested a new front-wing for Lotus F1 Team in the next Free Practice One session at Spa-Francorchamps, as Romain Grosjean came home third in the Belgian Grand Prix that weekend. [30]

Lotus/Renault (2016)

On 23 October 2015 it was announced that Palmer would be promoted to full Race Driver for the Lotus/Renault team in 2016.[31]

Awards

On 4 December 2014, Jolyon was announced as the winner of the Guild of Motoring Writers Driver of the Year Award at a prize gala in London.[32] Each year, the trophy is awarded to the leading driver as chosen by a panel of leading motorsport journalists. Previous winners have included Juan Manuel Fangio, Jim Clark and Michael Schumacher.

Palmer was nominated for the Autosport Awards British Competition Driver of the Year, losing out to Formula One World Champion Lewis Hamilton.[33]

He collected the British Racing Drivers' Club's Fairfield Trophy, which is awarded to a BRDC member for outstanding performance throughout the year. The ceremony was attended by Lewis Hamilton, 1996 World Champion Damon Hill and BRDC President Derek Warwick.[34]

Media work

Palmer has written for Sky Sports F1, with a GP2 Diary posted after each event during his time in the series.[35]

Personal life

Palmer is the son of former F1 driver and major UK race circuit owner Jonathan Palmer. His younger brother, Will, won the 2015 British BRDC Formula 4 Championship.

Palmer told the Daily Express newspaper in July 2014 that "I am giving everything I can to win the (GP2) series this year and that includes more work, no social life, strict diet – no girlfriend."

Racing record

Career summary

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2005 T Cars Autumn Trophy 6  ?  ?  ?  ? 92 5th
2006 T Cars PalmerSport Junior 20 0 1  ? 4 92 5th
T Cars Autumn Trophy 6 4 3 4 5 61 1st
2007 Formula Palmer Audi 15 2 2  ? 4 187 10th
T Cars PalmerSport Junior 2 2 1 2 0 24 11th
2008 Formula Palmer Audi 20 1 3 3 11 338 3rd
Formula Palmer Audi Autumn Trophy 6 0 0 0 3 89 3rd
Formula Palmer Audi Shootout 3 0 0 0 1 36 3rd
2009 Formula Palmer Audi PalmerSport 8 1 3 2 2 70 16th
FIA Formula Two Championship MotorSport Vision 16 0 0 0 0 3 21st
2010 FIA Formula Two Championship MotorSport Vision 18 5 5 3 10 242 2nd
2011 GP2 Series Arden International 18 0 0 0 0 0 28th
GP2 Asia Series 4 0 0 0 0 0 19th
GP2 Final Barwa Addax Team 2 0 0 0 1 9 4th
FIA Formula Two Championship PalmerSport 2 0 0 0 0 0 NC
2012 GP2 Series iSport International 24 1 0 0 3 78 11th
2013 GP2 Series Carlin Motorsport 22 2 1 2 3 119 7th
2014 GP2 Series DAMS 22 4 3 7 12 276 1st
Formula One Sahara Force India F1 Team Test driver
2015 Formula One Lotus F1 Team Test driver

Complete Formula Two results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 DC Points
2009 3 VAL
1

21
VAL
2

Ret
BRN
1

10
BRN
2

14
SPA
1

16
SPA
2

Ret
BRH
1

12
BRH
2

16
DON
1

16
DON
2

12
OSC
1

15
OSC
2

19
IMO
1

12
IMO
2

6
CAT
1

13
CAT
2

11
21st 3
2010 3 SIL
1

1
SIL
2

2
MAR
1

Ret
MAR
2

5
MNZ
1

1
MNZ
2

1
ZOL
1

2
ZOL
2

2
ALG
1

1
ALG
2

2
BRH
1

8
BRH
2

Ret
BRN
1

5
BRN
2

1
OSC
1

3
OSC
2

12
VAL
1

7
VAL
2

13
2nd 242
2011 14 SIL
1
SIL
2
MAG
1
MAG
2
SPA
1
SPA
2
NÜR
1

DNS
NÜR
2

DNS
BRH
1
BRH
2
SPL
1
SPL
2
MNZ
1
MNZ
2
CAT
1
CAT
2
NC 0

Complete GP2 Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 DC Points
2011 Arden International TUR
FEA

17
TUR
SPR

9
ESP
FEA

18
ESP
SPR

17
MON
FEA

NC
MON
SPR

11
VAL
FEA

9
VAL
SPR

Ret
GBR
FEA

20
GBR
SPR

16
GER
FEA

19
GER
SPR

Ret
HUN
FEA

22
HUN
SPR

18
BEL
FEA

Ret
BEL
SPR

14
ITA
FEA

Ret
ITA
SPR

19
28th 0
2012 iSport International MYS
FEA

17
MYS
SPR

12
BHR1
FEA

DNS
BHR1
SPR

7
BHR2
FEA

24
BHR2
SPR

22
ESP
FEA

9
ESP
SPR

DNS
MON
FEA

6
MON
SPR

1
VAL
FEA

Ret
VAL
SPR

Ret
GBR
FEA

3
GBR
SPR

5
GER
FEA

18
GER
SPR

18
HUN
FEA

6
HUN
SPR

5
BEL
FEA

Ret
BEL
SPR

10
ITA
FEA

7
ITA
SPR

3
SGP
FEA

Ret
SGP
SPR

Ret
11th 78
2013 Carlin MYS
FEA

6
MYS
SPR

9
BHR
FEA

5
BHR
SPR

6
ESP
FEA

10
ESP
SPR

4
MON
FEA

Ret
MON
SPR

12
GBR
FEA

6
GBR
SPR

Ret
GER
FEA

24
GER
SPR

11
HUN
FEA

1
HUN
SPR

12
BEL
FEA

15
BEL
SPR

6
ITA
FEA

Ret
ITA
SPR

10
SGP
FEA

1
SGP
SPR

17
ABU
FEA

2
ABU
SPR

Ret
7th 119
2014 DAMS BHR
FEA

3
BHR
SPR

1
ESP
FEA

2
ESP
SPR

2
MON
FEA

1
MON
SPR

7
AUT
FEA

5
AUT
SPR

6
GBR
FEA

2
GBR
SPR

4
GER
FEA

3
GER
SPR

6
HUN
FEA

4
HUN
SPR

2
BEL
FEA

6
BEL
SPR

3
ITA
FEA

8
ITA
SPR

1
RUS
FEA

1
RUS
SPR

10
ABU
FEA

2
ABU
SPR

Ret
1st 276

Complete GP2 Asia Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 DC Points
2011 Arden International ABU
FEA

14
ABU
SPR

10
ITA
FEA

19
ITA
SPR

Ret
19th 0

Complete Formula One participations

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 WDC Points
2015 Lotus F1 Team Lotus E23 Hybrid Mercedes PU106B Hybrid 1.6 V6 t AUS MAL CHN
TD
BHR
TD
ESP
TD
MON CAN AUT
TD
GBR
TD
HUN
TD
BEL
TD
ITA
TD
SIN JPN
TD
RUS
TD
USA
*
MEX
TD
BRA
TD
ABU
TD
 –  –

* Was entered as third driver, but did not run due to bad weather.[36]

References

  1. "Move On Up!". Lotus F1 Team. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "First FPA win for Palmer: Hamilton third on return". Formula Palmer Audi. 9 June 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Jolyon Palmer takes second FPA win of the year at Oulton Park: Tim Bridgman extends championship lead". Formula Palmer Audi. 12 August 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Palmer takes stunning pole: Jolyon remains on top". Formula Palmer Audi. 27 April 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Palmer powers onto Round 9 pole: Hamilton flies to third, Bacheta struggles". Formula Palmer Audi. 9 June 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "FPA ace Jolyon Palmer to miss final two rounds: Quad bike accident thwarts rise up the standings". Formula Palmer Audi. 28 August 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Jolyon Palmer graduates to Formula Two". FIA Formula Two Championship. 14 January 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Jolyon Palmer to make Formula Two return". FIA Formula Two Championship. MotorSport Vision. 8 March 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. English, Steven (22 April 2010). "Palmer shares the wins in Eng land". Autosport. Vol. 200 no. 4. Haymarket Publications. pp. 48–49. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Palmer clinches Monza double". Autosport. 23 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Kral and Palmer join Arden for 2011 GP2 season". gp2series.com. GP2 Series. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Palmer escapes first-lap carnage to take maiden GP2 win at Monaco". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Palmer tops first day of pre-season testing". GPUpdate.net. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. GP2 Hungary – Palmer v Nasr: http://www1.skysports.com/watch/video/9396529/gp2-hungary---palmer-v-nasr
  15. Jolyon Palmer won the GP2 Sprint Race at Monza in a remarkable turnaround: http://www1.skysports.com/f1/news/29551/9359686/for-monday-palmer
  16. Palmer crowned GP2 champion after superb Sochi victory: http://www.jolyonpalmer.com/news/2014/october/race-1.aspx
  17. Jolyon Palmer and Spike Goddard to test for Sahara Force India in Abu Dhabi: http://www.forceindiaf1.com/news/detail/abu-dhabi-gp/2014-11-19-Jolyon-Palmer-and-Spike-Goddard-to-test-for-Sahara-Force-India-i
  18. "Jolyon Palmer narrowly misses out on ROC Nations Cup semi-finals". Jolyon Palmer. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Jolyon runs racing legends close in attacking Race of Champions debut". Jolyon Palmer. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Jolyon finishes P4 after outstanding F1 test debut with Force India". Jolyon Palmer. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Jolyon Palmer named as Lotus reserve driver for 2015". BBC Sport. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Palmer makes Lotus F1 debut". Jolyon Palmer. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Jolyon makes "great" debut for Lotus F1 Team". Jolyon Palmer. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "Jolyon makes excellent F1 practice debut with P15 in China". Jolyon Palmer. 10 April 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "Jolyon impresses with strong performance in Bahrain". Jolyon Palmer. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Nico Rosberg beats Lewis Hamilton in Spain practice". BBC Sport. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Parkes, Ian (13 May 2015). "Barcelona Formula 1 test: Palmer and Lotus finish second day on top". Autosport.com. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Five more practice outings for Palmer". BBC. Retrieved 13 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Limited running for Jolyon in disrupted Hungary FP1". Jolyon Palmer. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "Strong running time for Jolyon Palmer in FP1 at Spa-Francorchamps". Jolyon Palmer. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. "Move On Up! - Jolyon Palmer announced as race driver for 2016". Lotus F1 Team. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Jolyon wins prestigious Guild of Motoring Writers Award". Jolyon Palmer. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "2014 Autosport Award winners". Autosport.com. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. "Jolyon receives prestigious BRDC Fairfield Trophy". Jolyon Palmer. 8 December 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Jolyon Palmer's GP2 Diary: http://www1.skysports.com/f1/news/29551/9402769/jolyon-palmers-gp2-diary-hungary
  36. Lotus alters practice run plan due to weather: http://www.gpupdate.net/en/f1-news/331836/lotus-alters-fp1-run-plan-due-to-weather/

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Fabio Leimer
GP2 Series
Champion

2014
Succeeded by
Stoffel Vandoorne