Journal ranking

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Journal ranking is widely used in academic circles in the evaluation of an academic journal's impact and quality. Journal rankings are intended to reflect the place of a journal within its field, the relative difficulty of being published in that journal, and the prestige associated with it. They have been recently introduced as official research evaluation tools in some countries such as Norway, Australia, France, and Denmark.[1][2]

Measures

Traditionally, journal ranking “measures” or evaluations have been provided simply through institutional lists established by academic leaders or through committee vote. These approaches have been notoriously politicized and inaccurate reflections of actual prestige and quality, as they would often reflect the biases and personal career objectives of those involved in ranking the journals; also causing the problem of highly disparate evaluations across institutions.[3][4] Consequently, many institutions have required external sources of evaluation of journal quality. The traditional approach here has been through surveys of leading academics in a given field, but this approach too has potential for bias, though not as profound as that seen with institution-generated lists[5] Consequently, governments, institutions, and leaders in scientometric research have turned to a litany of observed bibliometric measures on the journal-level that can be used as surrogates for quality and thus eliminate the need for subjective assessment[6]

Consequently, several journal-level metrics have been proposed, most citation-based:

  • Impact factor – Reflecting the average number of citations to articles published in science and social science journals.
  • Eigenfactor – A rating of the total importance of a scientific journal according to the number of incoming citations, with citations from highly ranked journals weighted to make a larger contribution to the eigenfactor than those from poorly ranked journals.
  • SCImago Journal Rank – A measure of scientific influence of scholarly journals that accounts for both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance or prestige of the journals where such citations come from.
  • h-index – Usually used as a measure of scientific productivity and the scientific impact of an individual scientist, but can also be used to rank journals.
  • Expert survey – A score reflecting the overall quality and/or contribution of a journal is based on the results of the survey of active field researchers, practitioners and students (i.e., actual journal contributors and/or readers), who rank each journal based on specific criteria.[7]
  • Publication power approach (PPA) – The ranking position of each journal is based on the actual publishing behavior of leading tenured academics over an extended time period. As such, the journal’s ranking position reflects the frequency at which these scholars published their articles in this journal.[8][9]
  • Altmetrics – Rate journals based on scholarly references added to academic social media sites.[10]
  • diamScore – A measure of scientific influence of academic journals based on recursive citation weighting and the pairwise comparisons between journals.[11]
  • Source normalized impact per paper (SNIP) – a factor released in 2012 by Elsevier based on Scopus to estimate impact.[12] The measure is calculated as SNIP=RIP/(R/M), where RIP=raw impact per paper, R = citation potential and M = median database citation potential.[13]

PageRank algorithm

In 1976 a recursive impact factor that gives citations from journals with high impact greater weight than citations from low-impact journals was proposed.[14] Such a recursive impact factor resembles Google's PageRank algorithm, though the original Pinski and Narin paper uses a "trade balance" approach in which journals score highest when they are often cited but rarely cite other journals; several scholars have proposed related approaches.[15][16][17] In 2006, Johan Bollen, Marko A. Rodriguez, and Herbert Van de Sompel also proposed replacing impact factors with the PageRank algorithm.[18]

The Eigenfactor is another PageRank-type measure of journal influence,[19] with rankings freely available online, along with SCImago.[20]

National rankings

Several countries rank national and international journals, e.g.:

See also

References

  1. Pontille D., Torny D. , "The controversial policies of journal ratings: evaluating social sciences and humanities", Research Evaluation, 19(5), 347-360, 2010
  2. Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science (2014)"[1]"
  3. Lowry, Paul Benjamin; Moody, Gregory D.; Gaskin, James; Galletta, Dennis F.; Humpherys, Sean; Barlow, Jordan B.; and Wilson, David W. (2013). Evaluating journal quality and the Association for Information Systems (AIS) Senior Scholars’ journal basket via bibliometric measures: Do expert journal assessments add value?,” MIS Quarterly (MISQ), vol. 37(4), 993–1012. Also, see YouTube video narrative of this paper at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZQIDkA-ke0&feature=youtu.be.
  4. Lowry, Paul Benjamin; Romans, Denton; and Curtis, Aaron (2004). "Global journal prestige and supporting disciplines: A scientometric study of information systems journals," Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS), vol. 5(2), pp. 29–80 (http://aisel.aisnet.org/amcis2005/276)
  5. Lowry, Paul Benjamin; Romans, Denton; and Curtis, Aaron (2004). "Global journal prestige and supporting disciplines: A scientometric study of information systems journals," Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS), vol. 5(2), pp. 29–80 (http://aisel.aisnet.org/amcis2005/276)
  6. Lowry, Paul Benjamin; Moody, Gregory D.; Gaskin, James; Galletta, Dennis F.; Humpherys, Sean; Barlow, Jordan B.; and Wilson, David W. (2013). “Evaluating journal quality and the Association for Information Systems (AIS) Senior Scholars’ journal basket via bibliometric measures: Do expert journal assessments add value?,” MIS Quarterly (MISQ), vol. 37(4), 993–1012. Also, see YouTube video narrative of this paper at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZQIDkA-ke0&feature=youtu.be.
  7. Serenko A., Dohan M. , "Comparing the expert survey and citation impact journal ranking methods: Example from the field of Artificial Intelligence", Journal of Informetrics, 5(4), 629-648, 2011
  8. Holsapple, C.W., " A Publication Power Approach for identifying premier information systems journals", Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(2), 166-185, 2008
  9. Serenko, A., Jiao, C., "Investigating information systems research in Canada", Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 29(1), 3-24, 2012
  10. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  11. Cornillier, F., Charles, V., "Measuring the attractiveness of academic journals: A direct influence aggregation model", Operations Research Letters, 43(2), 172–176, 2015
  12. "Elsevier Announces Enhanced Journal Metrics SNIP and SJR Now Available in Scopus". Press release. Elsevier. Retrieved 2014-07-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  19. C. T. Bergstrom. (May 2007). "Eigenfactor: Measuring the value and prestige of scholarly journals". College & Research Libraries News. 68 (5).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Jevin D. West. "eigenfactor.org". eigenfactor.org. Retrieved 2014-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links