From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
The following events occurred in July 1960:
- 1 July 1, 1960 (Friday)
- 2 July 2, 1960 (Saturday)
- 3 July 3, 1960 (Sunday)
- 4 July 4, 1960 (Monday)
- 5 July 5, 1960 (Tuesday)
- 6 July 6, 1960 (Wednesday)
- 7 July 7, 1960 (Thursday)
- 8 July 8, 1960 (Friday)
- 9 July 9, 1960 (Saturday)
- 10 July 10, 1960 (Sunday)
- 11 July 11, 1960 (Monday)
- 12 July 12, 1960 (Tuesday)
- 13 July 13, 1960 (Wednesday)
- 14 July 14, 1960 (Thursday)
- 15 July 15, 1960 (Friday)
- 16 July 16, 1960 (Saturday)
- 17 July 17, 1960 (Sunday)
- 18 July 18, 1960 (Monday)
- 19 July 19, 1960 (Tuesday)
- 20 July 20, 1960 (Wednesday)
- 21 July 21, 1960 (Thursday)
- 22 July 22, 1960 (Friday)
- 23 July 23, 1960 (Saturday)
- 24 July 24, 1960 (Sunday)
- 25 July 25, 1960 (Monday)
- 26 July 26, 1960 (Tuesday)
- 27 July 27, 1960 (Wednesday)
- 28 July 28, 1960 (Thursday)
- 29 July 29, 1960 (Friday)
- 30 July 30, 1960 (Saturday)
- 31 July 31, 1960 (Sunday)
- 32 References
July 1, 1960 (Friday)
- Ghana became a republic, with Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah as its first President. Formerly, the Earl of Listowel had served on behalf of Queen Elizabeth II as Governor-General of Ghana.
- A Soviet MiG fighter north of Murmansk in the Barents Sea shot down a 6-man RB-47. Two United States Air Force officers, First Lts. John R. McKone and Freeman B. Olmstead, survived and were imprisoned in Moscow's Lubyanka prison. The Soviets announced the capture of the men ten days later. The men were finally released on January 25, 1961.
- Italian Somaliland gained its independence from Italy, five days after British Somaliland, and merged into the Somali Republic. Aden Abdullah Othman, leader of the Italian Somaliland legislature, was elected President, and Abdirashid Ali Shermake became Prime Minister.
- In Canada, Status Indians were given the right to vote.
July 2, 1960 (Saturday)
- A riot broke out during the Newport Jazz Festival in Newport, Rhode Island, after a crowd of about 3,000 people, mostly white, were angry about a lack of seating for the concerts. Order was not restored until three companies of the state National Guard were sent in.
- Former U.S. President Harry S. Truman said at a news conference in Independence, Missouri, that Democratic Party frontrunner John F. Kennedy lacked the maturity to be President, and that Kennedy should decline the nomination. Kennedy responded two days later, saying "I have encountered and survived every kind of hazard and opposition, and I do not intend to withdraw my name now, on the eve of the convention." 
- Died: José Coll y Cuchí, 83, founder of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
July 3, 1960 (Sunday)
- The French Grand Prix was held at Reims-Gueux and won by Jack Brabham.
- A bolt of lightning struck a group of religious pilgrims as they carried a statue of the Virgin Mary to the summit of Mount Bisalta, near Cuneo in Italy. Four were killed and 30 more injured.
July 4, 1960 (Monday)
- For the first time, a 50-star flag of the United States was hoisted, raised at 12:01 a.m. (EDT), at the Fort McHenry National Mounument in Baltimore, and at the U.S. Capitol in Washington. At the time, there were only seven places in the United States where the national flag was permitted to be flown during hours of darkness.
July 5, 1960 (Tuesday)
- Congo Crisis: The army in the newly independent Republic of Congo mutinied and attacked European civilians after the Belgian commander, Lt. Gen. Émile Janssens, tried to enforce discipline. Europeans fled from Léopoldville where the mutiny started.
- Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the U.S. Senate Majority Leader, announced that he would seek, and expected that he would receive, the presidential nomination at the upcoming Democratic National Convention. Johnson asserted that front-runner John F. Kennedy had less than 600 of the required 701 delegates needed for a nomination, and that Johnson had at least 500. The only other candidate for the nomination was Senator Stuart Symington.
July 6, 1960 (Wednesday)
- The United States cut its orders for sugar from Cuba by 95 percent, following a July 2 authorization by Congress giving President Eisenhower the power to decrease the quota of sugar purchases.
- Eighteen men were killed in the crash of a U.S. Navy blimp off of the coast of Barnegat Light, New Jersey.
- Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand, became the first monarch in history to ride on the New York Subway.
- Died: Aneurin Bevan, 62, Welsh politician, British Minister of Health (1945–51), and chief architect of the UK's National Health Service.
July 7, 1960 (Thursday)
- Police fired on a crowd of Italian demonstrators in Reggio Emilia, killing five people and injuring 30.
- The Antarctica Service Medal was established by the United States Congress under Public Law 600 of the 86th Congress.
July 8, 1960 (Friday)
- The Havana Sugar Kings minor league baseball team, part of the AAA International League, were ordered moved to Jersey City, New Jersey, by IL Commissioner Frank Shaughnessy.
- Born: Mal Meninga, Australian Rugby League player, in Bundaberg, Queensland
- Died: Werner Meyer-Eppler, 47, German physicist and pioneer in electronic speech synthesis.
July 9, 1960 (Saturday)
- Rodger Woodward, a seven-year-old boy, became the first person known to survive an accidental plunge over Niagara Falls. Roger had been a passenger in a boat on the Niagara River, when the outboard motor failed. He fell 165 feet over the Falls, but sustained only minor bruises and a cut, and was released from a hospital two days later.
- Congo Crisis: The Belgian national airline Sabena began airlifting Belgian citizens out of the Congo. Over the next three weeks, 25,711 flew home.
- The nuclear submarine USS Thresher was launched. It would be lost in 1963.
July 10, 1960 (Sunday)
- In Paris, the Soviet Union beat Yugoslavia in extra time on Viktor Ponedelnik's goal, to win the first UEFA European Football Championship, 2–1.
- The Havana Sugar Kings played their last game under that name, winning in Richmond and defeating the Virginians, 7-1. The next day, they played in Miami as the "Jersey City Jerseys", though still wearing their Sugar Kings uniforms.
- The Eritrean Liberation Front was founded, with the goal of liberating Eritrea from the rule of Ethiopia.
- Born: Leandro Alejandro, Filipino nationalist leader (d. 1987)
July 11, 1960 (Monday)
- Congo Crisis: Moise Tshombe declared the Congolese province of Katanga independent, and, taking advantage of the Congo's dismissal of Belgian officers from the Congolese Army, asked for military aid from Belgium. The Congo's Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba asked the United Nations to intervene in the crisis.
- Harper Lee's classic novel To Kill a Mockingbird was first published.
- A U.S. Navy C-47 cargo transport plane crashed into the side of a mountain near Quito, Ecuador, killing all 18 persons on board.
- Uttar Pradesh Agricultural University, located at Pantnagar in the Uttar Pradesh state in India, conducted its first classes. It was renamed Govind Ballabh Pant University in 1972.
July 12, 1960 (Tuesday)
- The Etch A Sketch was first manufactured. Licensed to Ohio Art Company by French inventor André Cassagnes, it quickly became one of the most popular toys of all time.
- The Color Additives Amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act went into effect, regulating artificial coloring of consumer goods sold in the United States.
- Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, was founded.
- Louis Robichaud replaced Hugh John Flemming as premier of New Brunswick, Canada. Robichaud would oversee dramatic reforms in the province's hospitals and schools.
July 13, 1960 (Wednesday)
- U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy won his party's nomination for President on the first ballot at the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, but not until Wyoming's 15 delegates gave him the 2/3 majority. With 761 votes needed, Kennedy got 806, while Lyndon Johnson received 409.
- The Pilkington Committee on Broadcasting was set up in the UK to review the state of broadcasting. After two years, the Pilkington Committee concluded that the British public did not want commercial broadcasting.
- Khieu Samphan, editor of the Phnom Penh newspaper L'Observatueur, was arrested and beaten by ten members of Cambodia's security police. As one author would note later, "There is no telling how many people later paid with their lives for this insult." Samphan would later help found the Communist Khmer Rouge and, 15 years later as the leader of the revolutionary government, would oversee a program of genocide in Cambodia.
- Nobusuke Kishi, the Prime Minister of Japan, was stabbed six times in his left leg at his home, but the wounds were not life-threatening.
- Born: Ian Hislop, British journalist and broadcaster, in Mumbles, Swansea
July 14, 1960 (Thursday)
- In a choice that would determine the 36th President of the United States, Democratic presidential nominee and U. S. Senator John F. Kennedy asked U.S. Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson to be his running mate at 9:00 am in Los Angeles, and Johnson, to the surprise of many, accepted. The day before, U.S. Senator Stuart Symington of Missouri had been asked, and agreed, to become Kennedy's choice for the vice-presidency.
- By an 8–0 vote, the United Nations Security Council authorized the sending of U.N. forces to restore order in the Congo and in Katanga, and to request that Belgium withdraw its troops. The first U.N. forces arrived from Tunisia the next day.
- A fire at a mental hospital in Guatemala City killed 225 of the nearly 1,600 patients there.
- Born: Anna Bligh, Australian politician, Premier of Queensland, in Warwick, Queensland
- Died: Maurice de Broglie, 85, French physicist
July 15, 1960 (Friday)
- Nobusuke Kishi resigned as Prime Minister of Japan, after conceding that the government was unable to control Leftist demonstrations. Three days later, the Diet confirmed Hayato Ikeda as the new Premier.
- Died: Lawrence Tibbett, 63, American opera singer
July 16, 1960 (Saturday)
- The Soviet Union completed the Sino-Soviet split by notifying the government of the People's Republic of China that all 1,390 Soviet advisors and experts there would be withdrawn. Over the next month, the Soviets cancelled twelve economic and technological agreements, and 200 joint projects.
- The phrase "New Frontier", which would be used to describe the policies of John F. Kennedy, was first used in Kennedy's acceptance of the Democratic presidential nomination in Los Angeles. After referring to the American West ("what was once the 'last frontier'"), Kennedy said that "we stand today on the edge of a new frontier— the frontier of the 1960s".
- Died: Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, 74, German Luftwaffe leader, and John P. Marquand, 66, American author
July 17, 1960 (Sunday)
- Congo Crisis: Joseph Kasavubu and Patrice Lumumba, unhappy with the United Nations' progress in pressuring Belgium to withdraw its troops from the former Belgian Congo, added a new dimension to the crisis with an ultimatum: If Belgian troops did not withdraw within 48 hours, the Congolese leaders would invite the Soviet Union to send troops to the African nation.
- Born: Robin Shou, Hong Kong actor and martial artist
- Died: Pavol Peter Gojdič, 72, imprisoned Czechoslovakian bishop, at Leopoldov.
July 18, 1960 (Monday)
- In Chicago, the National League's owners voted unanimously to expand from eight teams to ten, and to meet with leaders of the American League and the new Continental League to plan the growth of Major League Baseball. The new NL teams, both in CL cities, would be the New York Mets and the Houston Colt .45s (later the Houston Astros).
- Born: William A. Dembski, American mathematician and proponent of "intelligent design", in Chicago.
July 19, 1960 (Tuesday)
- Fernando Tambroni resigned as Prime Minister of Italy. A new government was approved on August 5, headed by former Premier Amintore Fanfani.
- Thirty-three iron miners in West Germany were killed in a mine fire near Salzgitter.
- Two U.S. Navy destroyers, the U.S.S. Ammen and the U.S.S. Collett, collided off of the coast of Newport Beach, California, killing ten sailors.
- Trans Australia Airlines Flight 408 was taken over by a gunman, Alex Hildebrandt of Russia, in the first airplane hijacking in Australia. The hijack was foiled when Hildebrandt was overpowered by the plane's first officer.
- At 8:30 pm EST, CBS aired the unsold pilot for "Head of the Family" on Comedy Spot. The pilot had Carl Reiner as TV writer Rob Petrie, Barbara Britton as Rob's wife Laura, Sylvia Miles as Sally Rogers and Morty Gunty as Buddy Sorrell. In 1961, CBS would score a hit with a new name and a new cast of Dick Van Dyke, Mary Tyler Moore, Rose Marie and Morey Amsterdam.
July 20, 1960 (Wednesday)
- Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the world's first elected female head of government, after her Sri Lanka Freedom Party won a majority in elections in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Mrs. Bandaranaike, whose husband S.W.D. Bandaranaike had been Prime Minister until his assassination in 1959, took office as Prime Minister of Ceylon the next day, and assumed the jobs of Defense Minister and External Affairs Minister as well.
- President Eisenhower announced that the United States had a budget surplus of $1.06 billion at the end of the 1960 fiscal year, a dramatic turnaround from the $12,426,000,000 deficit at the end of the 1959 fiscal year.
- The submarine USS George Washington made the first launch of a rocket from underwater into the air, with the firing of an unarmed Polaris missile while submerged at a depth of 30 feet.
July 21, 1960 (Thursday)
- Francis Chichester, English navigator and yachtsman, arrived in New York aboard Gypsy Moth II, forty days after sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, setting a new record.
- The first television station in Egypt began broadcasting. After a verse from the Koran was read, United Arab Republic President Gamal Abdel Nasser was shown live, making a speech during celebrations of the eighth anniversary of the 1952 revolution.
July 22, 1960 (Friday)
- Jean Lesage replaced Antonio Barrette as Premier of Quebec, and began the Quiet Revolution reforms to that province.
- Vincent Massey became the first Canadian to receive the Royal Victorian Chain in its 58 years as an honour, as a recognition from Queen Elizabeth II.
July 23, 1960 (Saturday)
- The Soviet Union launched a space capsule with two dogs, Pchelka and Mushka, in advance of manned space flight. Korabl 3 burned up upon re-entry into the atmosphere.
- The headquarters of St. John Ambulance in Singapore was opened, by Yusof bin Ishak.
July 24, 1960 (Sunday)
- Soviet Marshal Ivan Konev retired as chief of the Warsaw Pact, and was replaced by another Soviet military man, Marshal Andrei Grechko.
- Died: Hans Albers, 68, leading man of German film in the 1930s and early 1940s; and Jacques Jaccard, 73, American silent film director in the 1910s and 1920s
July 25, 1960 (Monday)
- The lunch counter at the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina, where the "Greensboro Four" had started the first sit-in in January, began service to African-American customers (actually, three store employees) at 2:30 p.m.. Integration of Greensboro's other restaurants did not happen until 1963.
July 26, 1960 (Tuesday)
- Died: Cedric Gibbons, 67, pioneering Irish-American film art director, in Hollywood; Maud Menten, 81, Canadian biochemist
July 27, 1960 (Wednesday)
- In Chicago, delegates to the Republican National Convention nominated U.S. Vice President Richard M. Nixon for President, with 1,321 votes. Ten delegates voted for Barry Goldwater. U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. was nominated for Vice President.
- The Federal Reserve Board voted to cut margin requirements from 90% to 70%, in order to encourage buying and selling in the American stock market.
July 28, 1960 (Thursday)
- The Chinese hibiscus was adopted as the Malaysian national flower and renamed Bunga Raya.
July 29, 1960 (Friday)
- In new elections in South Korea, the Democrat party, led by Chang Myon (also known as John M. Chang and Tsutomu Tamaoka), won a majority. Chang became Prime Minister of South Korea on August 19.
- The unmanned spacecraft Mercury-Atlas 1 was launched from Cape Canaveral on a sub-orbital flight to test a manned capsule, but failed 58 seconds later.
- The U.S. Federal Communications Commission voted 6–1 against censorship of American radio and television communications, following hearings in which various witnesses testified in favor of FCC intervention.
- Number 10 Downing Street, the official London residence of the British Prime Minister was closed for renovations expected to last at least two years. Harold Macmillan's home was transferred for the interim to Admiralty House (London).
- Born: Marta Cid i Pañella, Catalonian politician, in Amposta
July 30, 1960 (Saturday)
- The American Football League played its first game, an exhibition between the Buffalo Bills and the Boston Patriots, before a crowd of 16,474 in Buffalo. Bob Dee of the Patriots recovered a fumble in the end zone for the first AFL score.
- South Korea and North Korea fought a battle as at sea for the first time since the end of the Korean War in 1953, with a North Korean gunboat being sunk near Kojin.
July 31, 1960 (Sunday)
- The Malayan Emergency was officially ended after twelve years. On June 16, 1948, the state of emergency was declared in the Federation of Malaya after guerilla activity had begun. The date had been announced on April 19 by the Malayan King, Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah. 
- Lieutenant Columbo, the fictional TV detective who would be more famously portrayed by actor Peter Falk, was introduced in a 90-minute episode of the anthology series The Chevy Mystery Show, shown at 9:00 Eastern time on NBC. Richard Carlson headlined Enough Rope, as a psychiatrist who murdered his wife, and Bert Freed was the first to portray Lieutenant Columbo, described as "a police detective harassing the doctor".
- Yuri Smertin, Kwame Nkrumah (International Publishers, 1987), pp67–69
- "Chronology July 1960", The World Almanac and book of facts, 1961 (New York World-Telegram, 1960), pp175–178
- I. William Zartman, Government and Politics in Northern Africa (Methuen, 1964), p164
- Jürgen E. Grandt, Kinds of Blue: The Jazz Aesthetic in African American Narrative (Ohio State University Press, 2004), p123
- "'Still in Race', Kennedy's Reply to HST", Salt Lake Tribune, July 5, 1960, p1
- "Bolt Strikes, Kills 4 on Pilgrimage", Salt Lake Tribune, July 4, 1960, p4
- "Newest Old Glory Flutters Today, 50 Stars Proud", Salt Lake Tribune, July 4, 1960, p1
- Ludo de Witte, The Assassination of Lumumba (Verso, 2002), p.6
- "Johnson's 'Hat in Ring'", Salt Lake Tribune, July 6, 1960, p1
- "Ike Cuts Off Cuban Sugar, U.S. Braces for Reprisals", Salt Lake Tribune, July 7, 1960, p1
- "Ocean Grave Sucks In Giant Blimp", Salt Lake Tribune, July 7, 1960, p1
- "1st Monarch Takes Ride on Subway", Salt Lake Tribune, July 7, 1960, p1
- Gerd-Rainer Horn, The Spirit of '68: Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956–1976 (Oxford University Press, 2007), p28
- "International League Pulls Havana Out of Circuit", The Morning Herald (Hagerstown, MD), July 9, 1960, p13
- "Plunge Over Falls: Boy Makes History", San Antonio Light, July 11, 1960, p23
- David W. Wainhouse, International Peacekeeping at the Crossroads (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973), p283
- Norman Polmar, The Death of the USS Thresher (Lyons Press, 2004), p182
- "Havana Hits Miami For Last Fling", Miami News, July 11, 1960, p1C
- "Castro Can't Touch You Either, Moford", Miami News, July 12, 1960, p1C
- David H. Shinn and Thomas P. Ofcansky, Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia (Scarecrow Press, 2004) p141
- Bryon Giddens-White, The Story Behind Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (Heinemann Library, 2007), p11
- A.L. Vohra and S.R. Vashist, Rural Higher Education (Anmol Publications, 1998), p232
- Tim Walsh, Timeless Toys: Classic Toys and the Playmakers Who Created Them (Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2005), p179
- Victoria Sherrow, For Appearance' Sake: The Historical Encyclopedia of Good Looks, Beauty, and Grooming (Oryx Press, 2001), p175
- "Kennedy Sweeps In", Salt Lake Tribune, July 14, 1960, p1
- Ross Marlay and Clark D. Neher, Patriots and Tyrants: Ten Asian Leaders (Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), p181
- "Japan's Kishi Knife Victim", Salt Lake Tribune, July 14, 1960, p1
- Gary Donaldson, The First Modern Campaign: Kennedy, Nixon, and the Election of 1960 (Rowman & Littlefield 2007), pp79–80
- "Fire Sweeps Asylum, 225 Die", Salt Lake Tribune, July 15, 1960, p1
- "Sino-Soviet Economic Cooperation", by Shu Guang Zhang, in Brothers in Arms: The Rise and Fall of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1945–1963 (Stanford University Press, 1998) p214
- James S. Olson, Historical Dictionary of the 1960s (Greenwood Press, 1999) p327
- Eşref Aksu, The United Nations, Intra-state Peacekeeping and Normative Change (Manchester University Press, 2003), p102
- James Edward Miller, Baseball Business: Pursuing Pennants and Profits in Baltimore (University Of North Carolina Press, 1990), p83; "National Loop OKs Expansion", Oakland Tribune, July 19, 1960, p37
- David Marc, Comic Visions: Television Comedy and American Culture (Blackwell 1997), p78
- "Sub Tosses 2 Polaris Missiles In Underwater Twin Success", Salt Lake Tribune, July 21, 1960, p1
- Alan Wells, World Broadcasting: A Comparative View (Ablex Publishing, 1996), p128
- Christopher McCreery, The Order of Canada: Its Origins, History, and Development (University of Toronto Press, 2005), p106
- Hubert Planel, Space and Life: An Introduction to Space Biology and Medicine (CRC Press, 2004), p8
- Karen Plunkett-Powell, Remembering Woolworth's: A Nostalgic History of the World's Most Famous Five-and-dime (St. Martin's Griffin, 1999), p162
- Charles E. Cobb, Jr., On the Road to Freedom: A Guided Tour of the Civil Rights Trail (Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2008), p100
- "Nixon Wins GOP Nod", Salt Lake Tribune, July 28, 1960, p1
- David Shayler, Space Rescue: Ensuring the Safety of Manned Spaceflight (Springer, 2009), pp121–122
- "Mac Leaves No. 10 Home", Salt Lake Tribune, July 30, 1960, p1
- New England Patriots website
- "South Korea Seafight Sinks Red Gunboat", Oakland Tribune, July 30, 1960, p1
- Leon Comber, Malaya's Secret Police 1945–60: The Role of the Special Branch in the Malayan Emergency (Monash University Press, 2008), p281
- "Malaya's Long Struggle: The Emergency Which Lasted Twelve Years", by George Odgers, in The Age (Melbourne), August 1, 1960, p2
- "Columbo: The Genesis of a Character", Mysteryfile.com
- "Television for the Week", Miami News, July 31, 1960