June 1960

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The following events occurred in June, 1960.

June 13, 1960: Japanese 2-man sub I-18 raised from Pearl Harbor after 18 years
June 26, 1960: Somali Republic independent
June 20, 1960: Mali Federation independent
June 26, 1960: Malagasy Republic independent
June 30, 1960: Congo (Leopoldville) independent from Belgium

June 1, 1960 (Wednesday)

June 2, 1960 (Thursday)

June 3, 1960 (Friday)

June 4, 1960 (Saturday)

June 5, 1960 (Sunday)

June 6, 1960 (Monday)

June 7, 1960 (Tuesday)

June 8, 1960 (Wednesday)

Dr. Neto

June 9, 1960 (Thursday)

June 10, 1960 (Friday)

  • Trans Australia Airlines Flight 538 crashed into the ocean off of Mackay, Queensland, while making its approach from Brisbane, killing all 29 people. The crash remains the worst loss of life in a civilian air crash in Australia. A 1943 crash of a B-17 bomber killed 40 people.
  • In Tokyo, President Eisenhower's Press Secretary, James C. Hagerty, appointments secretary Thomas E. Stephens, and U.S. Ambassador to Japan Douglas MacArthur II had their car surrounded by an angry mob, and were trapped inside for an hour and a half before a U.S. Marine helicopter rescued them. Eisenhower set off on his tour of the Far East the next day and refused to postpone his trip to Japan.[26]
  • June 10, 1960, had been the scheduled date for President Eisenhower to arrive in Moscow to begin a tour of the Soviet Union, but the plans were cancelled in May 1960 following the U-2 Incident.

June 11, 1960 (Saturday)

June 12, 1960 (Sunday)

  • Elections began in Lebanon, and for the first time, the secret ballot was made available to voters, a reform implemented after the 1957 elections were tainted with fraud.[29] Voting for the 99 member parliament, which reserved 55 seats for Christians and 44 for Moslems, was conducted over four Sundays. Saeb Salam, leader of the Phalangists (Kataeb Party), became Prime Minister in August.
  • Born: Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer, in Paris

June 13, 1960 (Monday)

June 14, 1960 (Tuesday)

June 15, 1960 (Wednesday)

  • The eight-month-long strike by the Writers Guild of America ended with a settlement that the writers would later regret, with the right to residuals on old films being given up in return for health and pension benefits.[32]
  • Thousands of protesters in Japan, angry over Japan's ratification of the security treaty with the United States, stormed into the parliament building and clashed with police. One female student, Michiko Kamba, was killed, and more than 600 students were injured. Nationwide, and estimated 5.8 million people participated in demonstrations.[33] U.S. President Eisenhower cancelled a planned (June 19) visit to Tokyo at the request of Japan's Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi.[6]
  • BC Ferries, the second largest ferry operator in the world, started service with two ships, the M.V. Tsawwassen and the M.V. Sidney, operating between Tsawwassen and Swartz Bay.[34]
  • A heat burst occurred near the resort of Lake Whitney, Texas, shortly after midnight, followed by a windstorm. Despite later claims that, from 80 degrees, "the temperature rose to nearly 140 °F",[35] contemporary accounts at the time reported a peak of 95°.[36]

June 16, 1960 (Thursday)

June 17, 1960 (Friday)

June 18, 1960 (Saturday)

June 19, 1960 (Sunday)

  • In Moscow, KGB Chairman Aleksandr Shelepin secretly delivered a report to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, warning that, according to KGB sources in the U.S., "the chiefs at the Pentagon are hoping to launch a preventive war against the Soviet Union". Relying on the misinformed report, Khrushchev publicly stated ten days later that the Soviets would use their own missiles if the U.S. attempted to invade Cuba.[47]
  • The Charlotte Motor Speedway opened in Concord, North Carolina, and hosted the first World 600 NASCAR race. Joe Lee Johnson won the first running of the 600.[48]
  • On his tour of the Far East, U.S. President Eisenhower encountered his first hostile reception, while visiting the island of Okinawa. A crowd of 1,500 protesters demonstrated in favor of the island's return from U.S. administration to Japan.[6]
  • Died: Jimmy Bryan, 34, winner of the 1958 Indianapolis 500, was killed when he lost control of his car during a race at the Langhorne Speedway in Pennsylvania.[49]
  • Died: Alan Stacey, 26, and Chris Bristow, 22, both English race car drivers, were killed in separate accidents in the running of the Belgian Grand Prix. Bristow, reportedly viewed as a "future world champion",[50] was killed on the 20th lap of the race when he crashed and was thrown from his car. Stacey was killed four laps later when he was struck in the face by a flying bird while driving at 120 miles per hour, causing him to lose control and overturn in a fiery crash. Only six of the 17 starters were able to finish the race, won by Jack Brabham.[51]

June 20, 1960 (Monday)

  • At New York's Polo Grounds, a crowd of 31,892 watched Floyd Patterson became the first person to regain the world heavyweight boxing championship. In the fifth round, Patterson knocked out champion Ingemar Johansson with a powerful left hook that left the Swedish boxer unconscious for ten minutes. Johansson then walked out under his own power.[52]
  • The Mali Federation, created in 1959 by a merger of the French Sudan and Senegal, was granted independence by France. Modibo Keïta was head of the Federation, and Léopold Sédar Senghor was Speaker of the National Assembly.[53] The Federation existed for two months, until Senegal (led by Senghor), seceded on August 20. The former French Sudan then became the Republic of Mali, with Keita as its President.
  • Nan Winton became the first national female newsreader on BBC television.
  • Died: John B. Kelly, Sr., 70, athlete turned self-made millionaire, and father of Monaco's Princess Grace; and William E. Fairbairn, 75, English soldier and hand-to-hand combat expert.

June 21, 1960 (Tuesday)

June 22, 1960 (Wednesday)


June 23, 1960 (Thursday)

  • On the day that the unpopular U.S.-Japan Security Treaty went into effect, Japan's Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi announced his resignation. Kishi was replaced by Ikeda Hayato.[58]
  • Rival Congolese leaders Joseph Kasavubu and Patrice Lumumba agreed to share power, with Kasavubu to become the former Belgian colony's first President, and Lumumba to become the nation's first Prime Minister.[59]
  • Enovid, the first FDA approved contraceptive drug, became available in pill form at pharmacies throughout the United States.[60]

June 24, 1960 (Friday)

June 25, 1960 (Saturday)

June 26, 1960 (Sunday)

June 27, 1960 (Monday)

  • Chlorophyll "A" was first synthesized, at Harvard University by Robert Burns Woodward.[68] Woodward would be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1965.
  • Disarmament discussions in Paris came to an end when the Soviet Union and its allies withdrew from further talks. Talking resumed in March 1962.[69]
  • Typhoon Olive struck the Philippines, killing 104 people and leaving more than 500 missing.[6]
  • Best Seller premiered on the CBS Radio Network. It was the last daytime radio soap opera, and was cancelled, along with all others, on November 25.[70]
  • Jamaican and British soldiers and policemen arrested 100 members of the First Africa Corps, a Rastafarian group, ending its influence in Jamaica.[71]
General Secretary Pollitt

June 28, 1960 (Tuesday)

June 29, 1960 (Wednesday)

June 30, 1960 (Thursday)


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  2. Bruce Pegg, Brown Eyed Handsome Man: The Life and Hard Times of Chuck Berry (Routledge, 2005), p146
  3. Guadalupe San Miguel, Brown, Not White: School Integration and the Chicano Movement in Houston (Texas A&M University Press, 2005), p55
  4. Al Ristori, The Complete Book of Surf Fishing (Skyhorse Publishing, 2008), p24
  5. Walter Everett, The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarry Men through Rubber soul (Oxford University Press, 2001), p46
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 "Chronology June 1960", The World Almanac and book of facts, 1961 (New York World-Telegram, 1960), pp172–175
  7. Gulick, Lewis (June 3, 1960). "Diefenbaker, Ike Confer On Cold War; Canadian Premier Makes Brief Visit". Eugene Register-Guard. Eugene, Oregon. AP. p. 2A. Retrieved May 12, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Davis Dyer, TRW: Pioneering Technology and Innovation Since 1900 (Harvard Business School Press, 1998), p231
  9. Victor T. Le Vine, Politics in Francophone Africa (Lynne Rienner 2004), p72
  10. Milton Osborne, Sihanouk: Prince of Light, Prince of Darkness (University of Hawaii Press, 1994) p119
  11. "Notre Dame Commencement Speakers"
  12. Allison J. Waldman, The Barbra Streisand Scrapbook (Citadel Press, 2001), p25
  13. Harris B. Shumacker, The Evolution of Cardiac Surgery (Indiana University Press, 1992), p186
  14. "Smoking is Linked to Heart Disease", New York Times, June 7, 1960, p36
  15. Edward Lawson, Encyclopedia of Human Rights (Taylor & Francis, 1996), pp1401–1402
  16. "Pacheco Dies of Fight Injuries", New York Times, June 10, 1960, p27
  17. "Brabham Scores in Grand Prix", The Age (Melbourne, Australia), June 8, 1960, p23
  18. "Man remanded on suspicion of infamous unsolved triple murder from 1960", Helsingen Sanomat, April 5, 2004
  19. "Court finds Gustafsson not guilty of 1960 Bodom Lake triple murder", Sanomat, October 7, 2005
  20. "A-Tipped Bomarc In Fire", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 8, 1960, p1; Mark A. Berhow, US Strategic and Defensive Missile Systems 1945-90 (Osprey, 2005), pp28-29
  21. "Reagan Quits Post", New York Times, June 8, 1960, p46
  22. M.S. Gill, Trials That Changed History: From Socrates to Saddam Hussein (Sarup & Sons, 2007), pp218–219; "Looking and Listening ...", The Crisis, (June–July 1962), pp335–336
  23. F. Laurie Barron, Walking in Indian Moccasins: The Native Policies of Tommy Douglas and the CCF (University of British Columbia Press, 1997), p135
  24. "Typhoon Mary Hits Red China", Charleston (WV) Gazette, June 10, 1960, p1; "Chinese Coast Typhoon Toll Set At 1,600", Charleston Daily Mail, June 20, 1960, p2
  25. Christopher Price, The Blueprint: How the New England Patriots Beat the System to Create the Last Great NFL Superpower (Thomas Dunne Books, 2007), p26
  26. "Ike Won't Call Off Trip After Hagerty Mobbing", Oakland Tribune, June 10, 1960, p1
  27. John W. Freeman, The Metropolitan Opera: Stories of the Great Operas, Vol. 2 (W.W. Norton, 1984), p57
  28. "30 Killed at Party", The Independent (Long Beach, CA), June 13, 1960, p2
  29. "Lebanon: The First Secret Ballot", TIME Magazine, June 27, 1960; "Ex-president Is Winner in Lebanon", Spokane Spokesman-Review, June 13, 1960, p1
  30. HIJMS Submarine I-18: Tabular Record of Movement, by Bob Hackett and Sander Kingsepp
  31. airdisaster.com
  32. Kathleen Sharp, Mr. & Mrs. Hollywood: Edie and Lew Wasserman and Their Entertainment Empire (Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2003), p86
  33. Miki Y. Ishikida, Toward Peace: War Responsibility, Postwar Compensation, and Peace Movements and Education in Japan (iUniverse, 2005), p91
  34. BC Ferries website
  35. Patricia Barnes-Svarney and Thomas E. Svarney, Skies of Fury: Weather Weirdness Around the World, pp111-112 (Simon & Schuster, 1999)
  36. "Midnight Heat Wave, Winds Hit Resort Area", Corpus Christi Times, June 15, 1960, p1
  37. "Mueda massacre", in Gwyneth Williams and Brian Hackland, The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of Southern Africa (Routledge, 1988), p164
  38. John R. Vile, Encyclopedia of Constitutional Amendments, Proposed Amendments, and Amending Issues: 1789–2002 (ABC-CLIO 2003), pp480–481
  39. Robert E. Kapsis, Hitchcock: The Making of a Reputation (University of Chicago Press, 1992) p59; "Hitchcock's 'Psycho' Bows at 2 Houses", New York Times, June 17, 1960, p37
  40. "Fenway '500' club a history maker", by Michael Silverrman, SouthCoastToday.com, June 18, 2009
  41. "Las Vegas Insider" (December 2006), p4
  42. Middle East Record 1960. London: published for the Israel Oriental Society, the Reuven Shiloah Research Center. pp. 252-253
  43. "USFL v. NFL: The Challenge Beyond the Courtroom", by Boris Kogan
  44. Bushell, J. (1975). The World's Oldest Railway: a history of the Middleton Railway. Sheffield: Turntable Publications. ISBN 0-902844-27-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  45. Robert McLaughlin, Pleasure Island (Arcadia Publishing, 2009), p80
  46. University of Waterloo, "Daily Bulletin", June 16, 1999
  47. Christopher M. Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World (Basic Books, 2005), p38
  48. Ed Hinton, Daytona: From the Birth of Speed to the Death of the Man in Black (Warner Books, 2001) p114
  49. "Winner of '500' Dies", Ottawa Citizen, June 20, 1960, p1
  50. "To Reduce Engine Power", Ottawa Citizen, June 20, 1960, p1
  51. "Two British Drivers Die", Spokane Spokesman-Review, June 20, 1960, p8; "Top 5 Unusual Ways to Die Through the Ages"
  52. Alan H. Levy, Floyd Patterson: A Boxer and a Gentleman (McFarland, 2008) p106
  53. Kevin Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History (CRC Press, 2005) p929
  54. "World's Fastest Men", swissinfo.ch
  55. Illinois Board of Higher Education
  56. Jeremy Webber,Reimagining Canada: Language, Culture, Community and the Canadian Constitution (McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994), p44
  57. airdisaster.com
  58. Mikiso Hane, Eastern Phoenix: Japan Since 1945 (Westview Press, 1996), p47
  59. Eşref Aksu, The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change (Manchester University Press, 2003), p101
  60. Andrea Tone, Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America (Hill & Wang 2002), 234
  61. Judith Ewell, Venezuela: A Century of Change (Stanford University Press, 1984), pp144–145; "Venezuela: Brush with Death", TIME Magazine, July 4, 1960
  62. Jim Cox, Historical Dictionary of American Radio Soap Operas (Scarecrow Press, 2005) p194
  63. Benjamin Stora, Algeria, 1830–2000: A Short History (Cornell University Press, 2004), pp78–79
  64. Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB (Basic Books, 1999), p179
  65. Dieter Nohlen, Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook (Oxford Univ. Press, 2004), p803
  66. Africa South of the Sahara 2004 (Routledge, 2004), p630
  67. "Baseball Scoreboard", Miami News, June 27, 1960, p3C
  68. Artificial Chlorophyll
  69. Edward MacWhinney, The International Law of Détente (Sijthoff & Noordhoof, 1978), p47
  70. Jim Cox, Historical Dictionary of American Radio Soap Operas (Scarecrow Press, 2005) pp41–42
  71. Ivelaw L. Griffith, Strategy and Security in the Caribbean (Praeger, 1991), p57
  72. Stephen J. Pyne, World Fire (Henry Holt & Co., 1995)
  73. Nicola Miller, Soviet Relations With Latin America, 1959–1987 (Cambridge University Press, 1989), p77
  74. "Weather Almanac for April 2000"
  75. Asa Briggs, The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom (Oxford University Press, 1961), p236
  76. "Congo Off To Angry Start", Winnipeg Free Press, June 30, 1960, p1
  77. Thomas M. Franck, Nation Against Nation: What Happened to the U.N. Dream and What the U.S. Can Do about It (Oxford University Press, 1985), p74;The Guardian World News
  78. Leo N. Miletich, Broadway's Prize-winning Musicals: An Annotated Guide for Libraries and Audio Collectors (Routledge, 1993), pp40–41