Juno Beach order of battle

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This is the Juno Beach order of battle on D-Day.

Canadian soldiers approaching Juno Beach aboard LCAs
Top: Wounded Canadian soldiers lying on Juno beach awaiting transfer to casualty clearing station, Normandy, France, 6 June 1944. Middle: The same bunker in 2006 Bottom: The view down the beach from the bunker, showing enfilading fire position.

Canadian Army

3rd Canadian Infantry Division Divisional Troops[1]

7th Canadian Infantry (Assault) Brigade Group - Mike Green / Mike Red and Nan Green Beaches [3][4]

8th Canadian Infantry (Assault) Brigade Group - Nan White and Nan Red Beaches [6][7]

9th Canadian Infantry Brigade - Landing through 8th CIB on Nan Beaches[8][9]

Supporting Corps Divisional Units integrated in Mike Sector and Nan Sector

British Forces

Naval Forces

Force J was commanded by the British, and the flagship vessel came from the Royal Navy. Among the chief vessels in this combined British and Canadian Force were

The force also included 109 Royal Canadian Navy vessels, among them:

Landing craft from both the RN and RCN were employed in Force J, the total number were:

  • 1 Landing Ship Headquarters
  • 2 Assault Group Headquarters Ship
  • 3 Landing Ships Infantry (Large)
  • 3 Landing Ships Infantry (Medium)
  • 12 Landing Ships Infantry (Hand Hoisting)
  • 20 Landing Craft Infantry (Large)
  • 8 Landing Craft Infantry (Small)
  • 142 Landing Craft Assault
  • 4 Landing Craft Assault (Obstacle Clearance)
  • 18 Landing Craft Assault (Hedgerow)
  • 8 Landing Craft Support (Medium)
  • 4 Landing Craft Headquarters
  • 22 Landing Ship Tank Mark II
  • 2 Landing Craft Tank Mark III (Flotilla of 10 craft each)
  • 7 Landing Craft Tank Mark IV (Flotilla of 10 craft each)
  • 2 Landing Craft Tank Mark V/VI (Flotilla of 10 craft each)
  • 7 Landing Craft Flak
  • 7 Landing Craft Gun (Large)
  • 7 Landing Craft Tank (Armoured)
  • 8 Landing Craft Tank (High Explosive)
  • 9 Landing Craft Tank (Rocket)
  • 36 Landing Craft Personnel (Large) Smoke Layer
  • 4 Landing Barge Flak
  • 4 Landing Craft Support (Large) Mark I
  • 3 Landing Craft Support (Large) Mark II
  • 1 Landing Ship Dock
  • 15 Rhino Ferry

German Forces

The 716. Infanteriedivision Infantry Division (Static) - Wehrmacht Heer Coastal Defence (Bodenständigen), had little or no mobility and its personnel, in general, belonged to the lowest category of conscript, coming from the older age groups or from the Landsturm home defence militia. On 1 May 1944, it only had 7,771 personnel of all ranks. It was the division in Normandy with the least personnel; on Juno Beach, the density of troops was a little stronger than elsewhere. With a delay between preparatory bombardments and the landings, German defenders time to recover.[11]

The 716. Infanteriedivision division consisted of:[12][13]

  • 716 HQ Division-Stab (Caen): GOC Temporary - Oberst Ludwig Krug (May 1944 - 10 June 1944) [14]
  • 716 Division Signals Battalion
  • 716 Division Artillery Regiment (Artillerie-Regiment 1716) [15]
    • Bataillon I. / 1716 AR
      • 1st (Merville WN01), 2nd (Colleville-sur-Orne WN16), 3rd (Brieville), 4th (Château d'Eau WN12)
    • Bataillon II. / 1716 AR
      • 5th (WN36a), 6th (La Mare-Fontaine WN32), 7th (Bény-sur-Mer WN28a) Battery
    • Bataillon III. / 1716 AR
      • 8th (Maisy La Martiniere WN84), 9th (Maisy Les Perruques WN83), and 10th (N.E. Bayeux) Battery
  • 726. Infanterie-Regiment (Grenadier-Regiment 726.) (Bayeux - Chateau de Sully) [16]
    • Grenadier-Regiment 726. Bataillon I. (Kompanie 1/2/3/4)
    • Grenadier-Regiment 726. Bataillon II. Stab/ II. Ste-Croix-sur-Mer
      • Kp 5./II. Sainte Croix-sur-Mer, North of Colombiers-sur-Seulles
      • Kp 6./II. Bazenville, Northwest of Creully
      • Kp 7./II. Villers-le-Sec, Southwest of Banvile
      • Kp 8./II. Tierceville, Southwest of Ste-Croix-sur-Mer
    • Grenadier-Regiment 726. Bataillon III. (Kompanie 9/10/11/12)
    • Grenadier-Regiment 726. 14 (PaK) Kompanie: Two Platoons
    • 439. Ost-Battalion Infantry - IV. Bn / Grenadier-Regiment 726. (Kompanie 1/2/3/4)
  • 736. Infanterie-Regiment (Grenadier-Regiment 736.) [17]
    • Grenadier-Regiment 736. Bataillon I. (Kompanie 1/2/3/4)
    • Grenadier-Regiment 736. Bataillon II. Stab/ II. Château de Tailleville
      • Kp 5./ II. Bernières-sur-Mer and Saint Aubin-sur-Mer
      • Kp 6./ II. Courseulles-sur-Mer
      • Kp 7./ II. Graye-sur-Mer and La Rivière
      • Kp 8./ II. Tailleville-Tombette
    • Grenadier-Regiment 736. Bataillon III. Stab/ III. Cresserons
      • Kp 9./ III. Langrunne-sur-Mer and Luc-sur-Mer
      • Kp 10./ III. Lion-sur-Mer & Hermanville-sur-Mer
      • Kp 11./ III. Reserve : Luc-sur-Mer, Northest of Cresserons
      • Kp 12./ III. Reserve : Douvres-la-Délivrande
    • Grenadier-Regiment 736. 14 (PaK) Kompanie: Two Platoons
    • 642. Ost-Battalion Infantry - IV. Bn / Grenadier-Regiment 736. (Kompanie 1/2/3/4)
    • 441. Ost-Battalion Infantry (Attached) Stab / Ver-sur-Mer [18]
      • Kp 1. Graye-sur-Mer
      • Kp 2. Reserve: South of Courseulles-sur-Mer and Beny-sur Mer
      • Kp 3. Le Hable de Heurtot, West of Ver-sur-Mer
      • Kp 4. Southeast of Ver-sur-Mer
  • 716 Division Anti-Tank Battalion (Panzerjäger-Aabtielung 716) [19]
    • Kompanie 1. Marder I
    • Kompanie 2. 7.5 cm PaK40
    • Kompanie 3.
  • 716 Division Pioneer Battalion (Pionier-Bataillon 716) (Kompanie 1./2.)
  • 716 Division Supply Troops (Versorgungs-Truppen 716)
  • 716 Division Administration Platoon (Verwaltung-Platoon 716)

References

  1. Lt-Col J.D. Mingay, GS 3 Cdn Inf Div, Neptune 'Overlord' 3 Cdn Inf Div Operation Order No.1, 13 May 1944. ORBAT 3 Cdn Inf Div
  2. [Tonner, Mark W. On Active Service (Service Publications, Ottawa, ON) ISBN 1-894581-44-X]
  3. Lt-Col J.D. Mingay, GS 3 Cdn Inf Div, Neptune 'Overlord' 3 Cdn Inf Div Operation Order No.1, 13 May 1944. Appendix 'B' Annexure 1
  4. Operation Overlord 7 Canadian Infantry Brigade Group: Operation Order No.1 Extracts - Canadian Scottish Regiment Amended Copy
  5. "Juno Beach - Regina Rifles". Members.shaw.ca. Retrieved 2011-02-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Lt-Col J.D. Mingay, GS 3 Cdn Inf Div, Neptune 'Overlord' 3 Cdn Inf Div Operation Order No.1, 13 May 1944. Appendix 'B' Annexure 2
  7. Operation Overlord 8 Canadian Infantry Brigade Group: Operation Order No.1 Extracts
  8. Lt-Col J.D. Mingay, GS 3 Cdn Inf Div, Neptune 'Overlord' 3 Cdn Inf Div Operation Order No.1, 13 May 1944. Appendix 'B' Annexure 3
  9. 9 Canadian Infantry Brigade Group: Operation Order No.1 Extracts
  10. Rogers, J & D (2012). D-Day Beach Force. The Men Who Turned Chaos into Order (1 ed.). Stroud: The History Press. p. 20. ISBN 9780752463308.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. James, Chris and George at Battlefront, Battlefront Miniatures 2006-2016, The German 716. Infanteriedivision in Normandy - Last Updated On Tuesday, December 3, 2013. See: http://www.flamesofwar.com/hobby.aspx?art_id=328 Accessed 16.05.2016
  12. Laurent Lefebvre - D-Day Historian, 716. Infanterie-Division, D-Day - Order of Battle. See: http://www.americandday.org/D-Day_German-Forces/716_Infanterie_Division.html Accessed 17.06.2016
  13. Georg Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht 1933-1945, Axis History, 716. Infanterie-Division, Published: 28 July 2011, Last Updated: 12 April 2013. See: http://www.axishistory.com/axis-nations/150-germany-heer/heer-divisionen/3397-716-infanterie-division Accessed 17.06.2016
  14. Axis History, 716. Infanterie-Division, Published: 28 July 2011, Last Updated: 12 April 2013. See: http://www.axishistory.com/axis-nations/150-germany-heer/heer-divisionen/3397-716-infanterie-division Accessed 17.06.2016
  15. Stéphane Moutin-Luyat, German Forces in Normandy: 716. Infanterie Division. See: http://www.6juin1944.com/assaut/allemagne/en_index.php?id=716 Accessed 17.06.2016
  16. Rich Hasenauer and Jim Baker, Fire and Fury Games. The Nafziger Orders Of Battle Collection: 716. Infanterie-Division - Normandy 6th June 1944. See: http://www.fireandfury.com/orbats/late716infantriedivdday.pdf Accessed 17.06.2016
  17. Rich Hasenauer and Jim Baker, Fire and Fury Games. The Nafziger Orders Of Battle Collection: 716. Infanterie-Division - Normandy 6th June 1944. See: http://www.fireandfury.com/orbats/late716infantriedivdday.pdf Accessed 17.06.2016
  18. Stéphane Moutin-Luyat, German Forces in Normandy: 716. Infanterie Division. See: http://www.6juin1944.com/assaut/allemagne/en_index.php?id=716 Accessed 17.06.2016
  19. Rich Hasenauer and Jim Baker, Fire and Fury Games. The Nafziger Orders Of Battle Collection: 716. Infanterie-Division - Normandy 6th June 1944. See: http://www.fireandfury.com/orbats/late716infantriedivdday.pdf Accessed 17.06.2016