Jurisdiction (area)

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For an article concerning the powers of courts and public authority, see jurisdiction.

A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas.[1][2]

Each state in a federation such as Australia, Germany and the United States forms a separate jurisdiction. However, sometimes certain laws in a federal state are uniform across the constituent states and enforced by a set of federal courts; with a result that the federal state forms a single jurisdiction for that purpose.

It is also possible for a jurisdiction to prosecute for crimes committed somewhere outside its jurisdiction, once the perpetrator returns[3] In some cases, a citizen of another jurisdiction outside its own can be extradited to where a jurisdiction where the crime is illegal, even if it was not committed in that jurisdiction.[4][5]

Unitary states are usually single jurisdictions, but the United Kingdom is a notable exception; it has three separate jurisdictions due to its three separate legal systems.

See also

Further reading

References

  1. For examples of usage of the word jurisdiction in this context, please see:
    "State Corporate Admission Rules: Nevada: Rule 5.5 MJP/UPL Current". Association of Corporate Counsel. Retrieved 23 August 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
    "2010 Illinois Rules of Professional Conduct: RULE 5.5 Unauthorized Practice of law
    Multijurisdictional Practice of Law"
    . Illinois Attorney Registration & Disciplinary Commission. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
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    "Canada (Common Law Jurisdictions)". Declining Jurisdiction in Private International Law: Reports to the XIVth Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law. Athens. August 1994. Retrieved 23 August 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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  2. "jurisdiction". West's Encyclopedia of American Law, Second Edition. thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 13 April 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/08/31/AR2009083102291.html
  4. http://www.deadline.com/2012/01/copyright-infringement-tv-shack-extradition-to-u-s/
  5. http://www.dba-oracle.com/oracle_news/news_web_law_extradited_prison_internet_content.htm