Kōfu

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Kōfu
甲府市
Special city
Kofu City
250px
Flag of Kōfu
Flag
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Location of Kōfu in Yamanashi Prefecture
Kōfu is located in Japan
Kōfu
Kōfu
Location in Japan
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Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Yamanashi Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Yūichi Higuchi (since February 2015)
Area
 • Total 212.41 km2 (82.01 sq mi)
Population (May 1, 2011)
 • Total 197,540
 • Density 929.99/km2 (2,408.7/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Quercus
 • Flower Dianthus
 • Bird Common kingfisher
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City Hall Address 2-17-1 Aioi, Kofu-shi, Yamanashi-ken
400-8585
Website www.city.kofu.yamanashi.jp

Kōfu (甲府市 Kōfu-shi?) is the capital city of Yamanashi Prefecture in Japan.

As of May 1, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 197,540, with 85,794 households and a population density of 929.99 persons per km2. The total area is 212.41 km2.

History

Kōfu's name means "capital of Kai Province". During the Sengoku period, it was the stronghold of Takeda Shingen.

Centuries ago the area which today is referred to as Yamanashi Prefecture was known as Kai Province. At that time the geographical denomination of ken (prefecture), was not yet in use, and the area was categorized as a fu. Located in the center of Kai, Kōfu's name was derived from a combination of kanji used in both Kai and fu. Alternate pronunciation of the characters resulted in the modern name of Kōfu.

Archaeologists have discovered evidence of human settlement in the Kōfu area dating back as far as 6000 years BCE[citation needed]. However, the town of Kōfu was not formally established until 1519.

During World War II, much of the city was destroyed by United States Army Air Forces B-29 Superfortress bombers during a major air raid during the night of 6 July 1945.[1]

Kōfu is designated as one of the special cities of Japan. On March 1, 2006, Kōfu, with a population of 193,795, absorbed the town of Nakamichi (from Higashiyatsushiro District), and the northern part of the village of Kamikuishiki (from Nishiyatsushiro District) increasing the population to 201,184.

Climate

Kōfu has the typical Honshū humid subtropical climate, though it is less wet than either the south or Sea of Japan coast due to its location in a shielded mountain valley. Temperature ranges are noticeably greater than in coastal regions: in 2004 Kōfu reached a temperature of 40 °C (104 °F) previously almost unknown in Japan, and it has fallen below 0 °C (32 °F) as early as 26 October,[2] which is about a month before the earliest freezing temperatures in such coastal cities as Kanazawa or Tokyo.

Climate data for Kōfu, Yamanashi (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
25.4
(77.7)
28.8
(83.8)
33.1
(91.6)
34.3
(93.7)
38.1
(100.6)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
38.0
(100.4)
33.8
(92.8)
29.6
(85.3)
24.9
(76.8)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
10.3
(50.5)
14.2
(57.6)
20.4
(68.7)
24.6
(76.3)
27.3
(81.1)
30.9
(87.6)
32.5
(90.5)
28.0
(82.4)
21.9
(71.4)
16.4
(61.5)
11.2
(52.2)
20.5
(68.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
4.3
(39.7)
8.0
(46.4)
13.8
(56.8)
18.3
(64.9)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
22.8
(73)
16.5
(61.7)
10.4
(50.7)
5.0
(41)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−1
(30)
2.7
(36.9)
8.3
(46.9)
13.3
(55.9)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
22.8
(73)
19.1
(66.4)
12.3
(54.1)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.0
(50)
Record low °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−17.2
(1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.4
(41.7)
12.6
(54.7)
13.2
(55.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−1.8
(28.8)
−6
(21)
−11.7
(10.9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.2
(1.583)
46.1
(1.815)
87.9
(3.461)
77.7
(3.059)
86.3
(3.398)
122.5
(4.823)
132.6
(5.22)
149.5
(5.886)
180.3
(7.098)
125.2
(4.929)
54.9
(2.161)
32.1
(1.264)
1,135.3
(44.697)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 13
(5.1)
10
(3.9)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
28
(11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 4.9 5.7 9.8 8.9 9.7 12.1 12.5 10.1 11.2 9.4 6.3 4.2 104.8
Average snowy days 4.5 3.1 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 9.2
Average relative humidity (%) 57 54 56 58 64 71 73 71 72 71 68 61 64.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 204.8 189.9 198.7 202.0 196.3 148.9 164.1 197.3 142.2 160.9 176.6 201.3 2,183
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[4]

Education

Transportation

Rail

Road

Notable places

Notable people

Sport

Kose Football Stadium

A J-League football team, Ventforet Kofu is based in Kōfu. They currently play in the J. League Division 1, and their home ground is the Kose Sports Stadium.

Sister cities

References

  1. Ijiri, Toshiyuki (1991). Paul Rusch. Cincinnati, Ohio: Forward Movement Publications. p. 167. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. http://www.data.jma.go.jp/obd/stats/etrn/view/rank_s.php?prec_no=19&prec_ch=%8B%FA%98H%8Ex%92%A1&block_no=47638&block_ch=%8B%FA%98H&year=&month=10&day=&view= 観測史上1~10位の値(10月としての値)
  3. "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Consolidation of Local Governments in Japan and Effects on Sister City Relationships," Consulate General of Japan, San Francisco

External links