|City of license||Los Angeles, California|
|Broadcast area||Greater Los Angeles|
|Branding||KNX 1070 NEWSRADIO|
|Slogan||Southern California's Only 24-Hour News & Traffic Station
All News, All The Time
(also on HD Radio)
97.1 FM HD2 KAMP (simulcast)
|First air date||September 10, 1920 (as 6ADZ)|
|Class||A (Clear channel)|
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|Callsign meaning||Assigned sequentially on May 4, 1922; the callsign stood for the ANneX of Spring Street Arcade.|
|Affiliations||CBS Radio Network|
(CBS Radio East Inc.)
|Sister stations||KAMP-FM, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV, KCBS-FM, KROQ-FM, KRTH, KTWV|
KNX is an AM broadcast radio station on 1070 kHz in Los Angeles, California, United States. It runs an all-news format. The station is owned by the CBS Radio subsidiary of CBS Corporation. KNX continues to hold a Class A license from it being one of the original clear-channel stations allocated under the 1928 U.S. band plan. KNX broadcasts from facilities shared with sister stations KCBS-FM, KTWV and KAMP-FM located on Los Angeles' Miracle Mile; its transmitter and antenna array site are located at Columbia Park in Torrance (northeast of the intersection of Hawthorne Boulevard and 190th Street).
KNX began as a five-watt amateur radio station, 6ADZ, which Fred Christian put on the air on September 10, 1920, broadcasting on a wavelength of 200 meters (1500 kHz). In December 1921, the station moved to 360 meters (833 kHz) and became KGC, sharing time with other stations that broadcast on the same frequency. On May 4, 1922, the station increased power to 50 watts and became KNX. Power was raised to 100 watts in 1923. A year later, Fred Christian sold KNX to Guy Earl, owner of the Los Angeles Evening Express.
During the 1920s KNX, like most stations across the country, changed frequencies several times, landing on 1050 AM as a result of the Federal Radio Commission's reconfigurations of the AM radio band in 1927 and 1928. In 1929, the station's transmitter was upgraded from 500 to 5,000 watts, and in 1932, was raised to 10,000 watts of power. During this time, the station changed owners and was then operated by the Western Broadcast Company. In 1933, the station moved its studios to another part of Hollywood, after being granted permission by the FRC on June 7, 1932, to raise its output to 25,000 watts. The following year, KNX's transmitting power was raised to the nationwide maximum of 50,000 watts, which the station continues presently. It changed to its current 1070 AM channel in 1941.
CBS purchased and began operating KNX as its West Coast flagship station in 1936, ending an eight-year affiliation with KHJ. In 1938, the CBS Columbia Square studios were dedicated for KNX as well as West Coast operations for the entire CBS radio network; that October, the station carried Orson Welles' celebrated version of The War of the Worlds . Several legendary performers from the Golden Age of American network radio broadcast from there, including Jack Benny, Bing Crosby, George Burns, Edgar Bergen, and situation comedy star Bob Crane, who was KNX morning man between 1957 and 1965 at the same time he was appearing as a featured supporting player on the ABC television network's The Donna Reed Show.
KNX was a strong competitor in the Los Angeles market while Crane was a morning personality, but began declining in popularity after he left to star in the CBS television series Hogan's Heroes. Following the example of corporate sister station WCBS in New York City, which had enjoyed renewed success with an all-news format, KNX then became an all-news station in the spring of 1968; its first major breaking news coverage was of the assassination of Democratic Presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, in the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, in June of that year.
In 2009, KNX adopted the slogan "All News, All the Time." It was previously used for 40 years by KFWB, KNX's historic rival in the news radio wars before both became sister stations through the 1995 merger of Westinghouse Electric (KFWB's owner) and CBS. KFWB's format change to news-talk in September 2009 (and later to all sports) now leaves KNX the only all-news outlet in the Los Angeles area, which is now emphasized in its alternate slogan, "Southern California's only 24-hour news & traffic station".
The station's antenna array includes a tall main antenna (193.5 electrical degrees with an efficiency of 400.73 mV/m/kW at 1 km; optimum and much better than average for a Class A station's main antenna, which has a minimum efficiency requirement of 362.10 mV/m/kW at 1 km), and a shorter emergency antenna (145.5 electrical degrees with an efficiency of about 343 mV/m/kW at 1 km; much better than average for a Class A's emergency antenna but inadequate for a Class A station's main antenna), with only one antenna being active at a time. An experiment in the late 1960s which utilized these antennae in a directional setup during the daytime, only, was abandoned and the emergency antenna was later relocated when much of the site was dedicated as a park in Torrance. The residential area to the south of the main antenna was formerly the site of the emergency antenna. The circa-1936 main antenna was replaced after it was destroyed by vandals on September 14, 1965. An unused 365-foot tower was brought in from KFAC-AM and was used while a new 494-foot tower was constructed. These two towers exist today with the 365-foot tower serving as an emergency antenna, having been relocated to the north of the main antenna, within the park. Non-directional Class A stations are expected, and are, with very few exceptions, required to have emergency antennae as these stations serve as regional EAS stations.
KNX features CBS News at the top of each hour. Traffic and weather reports are presented together every ten minutes on the "fives", (:05, :15, :25, :35, :45, :55). Business news from Bloomberg is at :20 and :50 past the hour and sports is featured at :24 and :54 past the hour. In addition to stories from their own correspondents, the audio portion of selected reports and weather forecasts from sister television stations KCBS-TV and KCAL-TV are heard on KNX.
The KNX Business Hour, hosted by Frank Mottek, airs weekdays and reviews the latest business news immediately following the close of the stock market. On Saturday, Food News with Melinda Lee airs from 10am - 12noon. A simulcast of 60 Minutes airs on Sundays at 7pm.
Notable on-air staff
Current on-air staff
Former on-air staff
- Bob Crane
- Michael Fitzmaurice (using the name Mike Kelly)
- Chet Huntley (special events) and news commentary
- Knox Manning (newscaster)
- Call Sign Letter Meaning[dead link][dead link]
- http://www.hdradio.com/station_guides/widget.php?id=36 HD Radio Guide for Los Angeles
- Article by radio historian Jim Hilliker on http://laradio.com/ September 26, 2013.
- "KNX Gets 25 Kw" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 15, 1932. Retrieved 2 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Sakrison site
- "Biggest station deal in history effected." Broadcasting, April 1, 1936, pp. 7, 62. 
- Today in Radio History August 12 2005
- KNX History Archived 2009-08-15 by WebCite at Archived July 20, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- knx1070 Our Heritage Archived March 14, 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- From FCC public information files.
- From FCC rules, 47 CFR Part 73.
- Calculated from the electrical height, using FCC formlulae.
- Cox, Jim (2007). Radio Speakers: Narrators, News Junkies, Sports Jockeys, Tattletales, Tipsters, Toastmasters and Coffee Klatch Couples Who Verbalized the Jargon of the Aural Ether from the 1920s to the 1980s--A Biographical Dictionary. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-6086-1. Pp. 98-99.
- "(untitled brief)" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 1, 1935. p. 30. Retrieved 11 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Abbott, Sam (January 17, 1942). "Hollywood" (PDF). Billboard. Retrieved 4 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Guide to the Chet Huntley Papers 1920-1977". Northwest Digital Archives. Retrieved 4 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Abbott, Sam (January 24, 1942). "Hollywood" (PDF). Billboard. Retrieved 4 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- FCC History Cards for KNX
- KNX 1070
- Query the FCC's AM station database for KNX
- Radio-Locator Information on KNX
- Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KNX
- KNX Station History, Historical Dates[dead link]
- Farewell broadcast from Columbia Square[dead link]
- KCBS-TV video, KNX Columbia Square sign-off[dead link]
- KNX tour, on the site of Chief Engineer Paul Sakrison