Kadhimiya

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This article is about the town. For the district, see Kadhimiya (district).
Souk in Kadhimiya, with the shrine in the background.
Pilgrims march outside Camp Justice, Iraq.

al-Kāżimiyyah (Arabic: الكاظمية‎‎ al-Kāżimiyyah; alternatively, Arabic: الكاظمين‎‎ al-Kāżimayn), is a town located in what is now a northern neighbourhood of Baghdad, Iraq about five kilometres from the city center. Al-Kāżimiyyah is one of nine administrative districts in Baghdad.

Al-Kāżimayn is regarded as a holy city in Shī‘ah Islām. It received its name (lit. "the Two Kāżims" or "the Two who swallow their anger"), for the two Shī‘ah Imāms buried there: Mūsā al-Kādhim and his grandson and successor, Shī‘ah Imām Muhammad at-Taqī. A shrine was first built over their tombs, and subsequently the al-Kadhimiya Mosque.[1]

The area that now constitutes al-Kāżimiyyah was originally the location of a graveyard reserved for members of the Quraish tribe. This land was set aside for this purpose by the Abbasid caliph, Harun al-Rashid.

History

In its early history, the town was an important center of Shia learning, perhaps the main center, but over time the town declined, and other cities rose to prominence. The location of the city has lent it to numerous plunders, that have resulted in damage to its shrines at different times in history. Among the most damage ever experienced by the town was after the Mongol sack of Baghdad where the shrine of the Shia Imams was burnt down. The area was also an important center of resistance against the British after World War I.

Iraqi officials executed Saddam Hussein at an American operated facility in Kadhimiya known as "Camp Justice".

Baghdad Security Plan

During the Baghdad Security Plan of 2007, there were rumours that U.S. forces built walls around the Imam al-Kadhim mosque. According to Iraqslogger.com, the protests that resulted were due to an agreement between Iraqi security officials and Mahdi Army that US forces would not come within 1,000 meters of the shrine.[2]

Government and infrastructure

Kadhimiyya Women's Prison is in the area.

Women on Iraq's death row are held at the Shaaba Khamsa death row facility at Camp Justice. As of 2014 the adult women's death row had 36 women as well as children even though the facility was only intended to hold 25 women.[3]

Education

Amil High School for Girls is in this neighborhood.[4]

See also

References

  1. "Kadhimiya". Encyclopaedia of Iranian Architectural History (in فارسی). Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. 
  2. Exclusive "Bridges of Baghdad" Report.
  3. "“No One is Safe” The Abuse of Women in Iraq’s Criminal Justice System" (Archive). Human Rights Watch. February 6, 2014. Retrieved on December 25, 2015.
  4. Partlow, Joshua. "For Baghdad's Uprooted Girls, School Offers A Hard Haven" (Archive). Washington Post. February 16, 2007. Retrieved on May 6, 2015.

External links

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