Bürger became a member of the Nuremberg Sturmabteilung in June 1923, taking part in the Beer Hall Putsch in November of the same year. In 1924 and 1925 he worked in the aviation industry and studied at the University of Potsdam, qualifying to become a teacher.
At the end of August 1942, Bürger was the police leader for the northern Caucasus region, later becoming the Polizeiführer for Volhynia and central Italy. On 13 May 1945, he was arrested in Bolzano as a prisoner of war.
After the war
- Blood Order – 1934
- Iron Cross – 2nd class 1939; 1st class 1944
- Anti-Partisan Guerrilla Warfare Badge – 1944 (bronze)
- Golden Party Badge
- Nazi Party military service award – bronze and silver
- Honorary Degen of the Reichsführer-SS
- "SS-Oberführer und Oberst der Polizei Karl-Heinz Bürger". www.specialcamp11.fsnet.co.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>