Karuo culture

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The Karuo culture (3300 to 2000 BC [1]) was a Neolithic culture in Tibet. The culture cultivated foxtail millet. The type site at Karuo was discovered in 1977 at Chamdo County, Chamdo Prefecture, Tibet and excavated from 1978 to 1979. The site covered an area of 10,000 m². Over 7,000 artifacts have been discovered at Karuo, including 1,060 stone artifacts, 1,284 pottery shards and 4,755 bone objects. It is one of only a few archeological sites on the Tibetan Plateau dating back so far, and it is in good enough condition for the foundations of houses to still be found, along with roads, walls, and stone altars in addition to the individual artifacts.[2]


  1. The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, pp. 300
  2. Chinaculture.org


  • Allan, Sarah (ed., 2005), The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, ISBN 0-300-09382-9
  • Gruschke, Andreas (2004): The Karo culture in: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Kham - vol. 1. The TAR part of Kham, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2004, S. 166-170. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Sagart, Laurent, Roger Blench and Alicia Sanchez-Mazas (eds., 2005), The Peopling of East Asia ISBN 0-415-32242-1
  • 7,000 articles discovered at Tibetan cultural site. Asia Africa Intelligence Wire (June 1, 2004)

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