Katherine Amelia Towle
|Katherine Amelia Towle|
Katherine A. Towle, 1st Director of the Women Marines
April 30, 1898|
|Died||March 1, 1986(aged 87)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1943-1953|
|Commands held||Women's Reserve (1945-1946)
Women Marines (1948-1953)
|Awards||Legion of Merit
Navy Commendation Medal
|Other work||Dean of Students, UC Berkeley|
Colonel Katherine Amelia Towle (April 30, 1898 - March 1, 1986) was the second Director of the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (USMCWR) and the first Director of Women Marines.
Towle was born in Towle, California on April 30, 1898. (The town was named after her paternal grandfather and uncles who settled there in the 1850s.) She moved with her family to Berkeley, California in 1908. She graduated with honors from University of California, Berkeley in 1920, then later earned a Master's degree in political science in 1935.
Marine Corps career
She came to the Marine Corps from UC Berkeley in 1943. Her first assignment with the new women’s component, even before public announcement of the establishment of the Women’s Reserve on February 13, 1943. She was named Women's Reserve (WR) representative for Women's Recruit Depot in the Bronx, with the rank of Captain, USMCWR, (with date of rank February 24, 1943).
Colonel Towle was named Director when her predecessor, Colonel Ruth Cheney Streeter, retired on December 7, 1945. She served in that capacity until June 1946. In August of the same year, when the Women’s Reserve was deactivated, Colonel Towle returned to the University of California as Assistant Dean of Women.
Again, after the Congress had authorized the acceptance of women into the regular armed services, the Marine Corps called upon Colonel Towle to direct this organization. On November 4, 1948, she returned to the Corps to become the first Director of Women Marines after they were constituted a regular component.
In 1950 the Marine Corps contracted the fashion design house of Mainbocher to design new uniforms for the Women Marines. The prototype of the first Marine Corps women's evening dress uniform was tailored expressly for Colonel Towle. It was first worn in public at the 175th anniversary Marine Corps Birthday Ball in 1950. As another design of evening dress uniform was eventually adopted, Colonel Towle's evening dress uniform was a "one of a kind". This uniform is now in the museum collection of Artillery Company of Newport in Newport, Rhode Island.
Colonel Towle served as Director of Women Marines until her retirement on April 30, 1953.
Her military awards included the Legion of Merit, Navy Commendation Medal, American Campaign Medal and World War Two Victory Medal. Eight days before Colonel Towel's retirement, President Eisenhower created the National Defense Service Medal retroactive to June 27, 1950. She was, thus, eligible for the medal but it is uncertain if she was ever formally awarded it.
After retiring from the Marine Corps, Colonel Towle was associated with the University of California at Berkeley in various capacities: as Dean of Women from 1953 to 1960; as Assistant Dean of Students from 1960 to 1965; as Dean of Students, 1965 to 1966; and later as Dean of Students, Emeritus. She was the first female to serve as Dean of Students.
Towle died on March 2, 1986 at her home in California at the age of 87.
In 2005, a new residence hall at U.C. Berkeley was named after Colonel Towle.
- Legion of Merit
- Navy Commendation Medal
- American Campaign Medal
- World War Two Victory Medal
- National Defense Service Medal
Navy Commendation Ribbon Citation (Later changed to the Navy Commendation Medal)
THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY
The Secretary of the Navy takes pleasure in commending
LIEUTENANT COLONEL KATHERINE A. TOWLE, UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS WOMEN'S RESERVE,
for service as set forth in the following
For meritorious service during the entire period of the growth and development of the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve. She was at once placed in a position of responsibility and succeeding assignments have broadened her field of usefulness. She has constantly demonstrated superior qualities of judgment, tact and leadership and has commanded the respect and confidence of her colleagues. By her outstanding performance of duty, Lieutenant Colonel Towle has contributed greatly to the development of the Marine Corps Women's Reserve. Her conduct was in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
A copy of this citation has been made a part of Lieutenant Colonel Towle's official record and she is hereby authorized to wear the Commendation Ribbon.
/s/ JAMES FORRESTAL Secretary of the Navy OFFICIAL COPY
- "Katherine A. Towle, UC Dean, Officer in Marines". Los Angeles Times. March 8, 1986. Retrieved 2010-03-28.
Katherine A. Towle, the first woman dean of students at the University of California, Berkeley, and the second commandant of the Marine Corps Women's ...
- Deitz, Paula (August 26, 1990). "Military Roots". The New York Times.
- Finacom, Steven (12 April 2005). "Two new student residence halls dedicated — They honor former Regent Yoritada Wada and Berkeley's '60s-era Dean of Women Katherine Towle". UC Berkeley News. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
|Library resources about
Katherine Amelia Towle
|By Katherine Amelia Towle|
- "Colonel Katherine A. Towle, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps.
- Katherine Amelia Towle; Interviews Conducted by Harriet Nathan (1967). "Administration and Leadership". The Regents of The University of California. Retrieved 2006-12-25. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Colonel Mary V Stremlow, USMCR (1994). Free a Marine to Fight: Women Marines in World War II. Marines in World War II Commemorative Series. Washington, D.C.: Marine Corps Historical Center, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
|Director of Women Marines
Julia E. Hamblet