Keith Levene

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Keith Levene
Birth name Julian Keith Levene
Born (1957-07-18) 18 July 1957 (age 64)
Wood Green, London, England
Genres Post-punk, experimental rock, punk rock
Occupation(s) Musician, Composer record producer
Instruments Guitar, bass guitar, drums, synthesizer, keyboards, violin, cello, double bass, harmonica
Years active 1974–present
Labels EMI/Virgin
Associated acts The Clash, The Flowers of Romance, Public Image Ltd, Cowboys International
Website www.keithlevenelive.com
Notable instruments
Veleno
Travis Bean Wedge
Travis Bean Artist (TB1000A)
Parker Fly
Gibson Les Paul Deluxe[1]

Julian Keith Levene (born 18 July 1957 in Wood Green, London)[2] is an English songwriter and multi-instrumentalist. He was a founding member of The Clash, and a founding member of Public Image Ltd (PiL), along with John Lydon.[3]

Biography

As a youth, Keith Levene was a progressive rock fan who had served at age fifteen as a roadie for Yes on their Close to the Edge tour.[4] Later, he became a founding member of The Clash and The Flowers of Romance. Levene was responsible for helping to persuade Joe Strummer to leave the 101ers and join the Clash. Although he left The Clash before they began recording, he co-wrote "What's My Name", featured on their first album.[5] Levene wrote the music at the Black Swan club when the Clash and Sex Pistols performed there in July 1976; on the same night, Levene suggested to Lydon that they consider a possible future collaboration.[6]

After the Sex Pistols disintegrated, Levene and Lydon co-founded Public Image Ltd (PiL). His guitar work was later imitated by others, including The Edge of U2. Levene was one of the first guitarists to use metallic guitars, such as the Travis Bean Wedge and Artist as well as the Veleno, the latter of which was nicknamed the "Leveno" in his honor.[6] He was heavily involved in the writing, performing and producing of PiL's early albums: First Issue, Metal Box and Flowers of Romance.

Levene left PiL in 1983 over creative differences concerning what would eventually become the band's fourth album, This Is What You Want... This Is What You Get. He later stated this was a difficult decision for him but he felt he had to in order to maintain the integrity of the project.[3] In 1984, he released the original versions of the songs on his own label[7] under the title Commercial Zone which was the original working title of the album. In 1985 he moved to Los Angeles where he formed a company with his second wife, journalist Shelly da Cunha.[8] In mid-1986, Levene was asked to produce demos for the album The Uplift Mofo Party Plan by the Red Hot Chili Peppers at Master Control in Burbank with engineers Steve Catania and Dan Nebenzal. Also in 1986, Levene worked together with DJ Matt Dike, experimenting with sampling techniques and hip-hop for Ice T and Tone Loc on their early recordings for Delicious.[9] In 1989, he released his first solo release, Violent Opposition, on which members of the Red Hot Chili Peppers performed.[3][6]

In 2003, Levene contributed to industrial rock supergroup Pigface's album Easy Listening..., and he has released several solo records, among which was the Killer in the Crowd EP in 2004.

At an impromptu appearance at the Musicport Festival in Bridlington Spa on 24 October 2010, where they were joined by vocalist Nathan Maverick, Levene renewed his association with former PiL bassist Jah Wobble. In 2011 Levene contributed to three tracks on the album Psychic Life, a collaboration between Wobble and Lonelady.[10]

In early 2012, after some planned Japan gigs were cancelled because of visa issues, Levene and Wobble played various venues in England, Wales and Germany as Metal Box in Dub. This was followed by the release of a four-song EP,[11] Yin & Yang.[6]

In the spring of 2014 Levene went to Prague to record "Commercial Zone 2014", which was backed via a crowdsourcing campaign at Indiegogo.com.

Discography

Studio albums

  • Violent Opposition (Taang!/Emergo/Rykodisc 1989)
  • Murder Global Demos (Archive 2008)
  • Yin and Yang (Cherry Red 2012) (Jah Wobble & Keith Levene)
  • Search 4 Absolute Zero (self-released 2013, Gonzo Multimedia 2014)
  • Commercial Zone 2014 (self-released 2014)

Extended Play

  • Back Too Black (Iridescence 1987)
  • Keith Levene’s Violent Opposition (Fundamental/Taang! 1988)
  • Looking for Something (Taang! 1988)
  • Murder Global: Killer in the Crowd (self-released 2002, Underground Inc. 2004)
  • EP aka Mississippi (Pressure Sounds/30 Hertz 2012) (Jah Wobble + Keith Levene)
  • Meeting Joe (self-released 2015)

Singles

  • If Six Was 9 (Rykodisc 1988)
  • Stille Im Meine Hamburg/ Clothesline (Overzealous Editions 1990) (Kendra Smith/Keith Levene & Hillel Slovak)

Notes

  1. "Press Archives | MPL February 1985". Fodderstompf. Retrieved 17 June 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Search birth records 1837–2006 | Fully indexed birth records". Findmypast.co.uk. Retrieved 21 January 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Di Tondo, Kathy. "Recalling PiL: The Commercial Zone Era with Keith Levene and Maureen Baker". Retrieved 20 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Reynolds, Simon (18 February 2006). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984. Penguin Books. ISBN 0143036726.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Gross, Jason (February 2001). "Keith Levene Interview". Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved 11 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Di Tondo, Kathleen M. "Keith Levene's Search for Absolute Zero". Mudkiss. Retrieved 20 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "PIL Records, Inc".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (registered 30 January 1984 by Keith Levene, 1 Fifth Avenue, New York NY 10003, dissolved due to inactivity 26 September 1990)
  8. "Multi-Image Group".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (registered on 19 June 1986 by Shelly Da Cunha, 830 North Kodak Drive, Los Angeles CA 90026, now suspended)
  9. Dan LeRoy (2006). Paul's Boutique. Continuum. pp. 14, 17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Jah Wobble & Lonelady To Explore Psychic Life". The Quietus. 16 August 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Jah Wobble & Keith Levene EP". 30 Hertz Records. February 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References

  • Gilbert, Pat (2005) [2004]. Passion Is a Fashion: The Real Story of The Clash (4th ed.). London: Aurum Press. ISBN 1-84513-113-4. OCLC 61177239.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gray, Marcus (2005) [1995]. The Clash: Return of the Last Gang in Town (5th revised ed.). London: Helter Skelter. ISBN 1-905139-10-1. OCLC 60668626.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Green, Johnny; Garry Barker (2003) [1997]. A Riot of Our Own: Night and Day with The Clash (3rd ed.). London: Orion. ISBN 0-7528-5843-2. OCLC 52990890.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gruen, Bob; Chris Salewicz (2004) [2001]. The Clash (3rd ed.). London: Omnibus. ISBN 1-903399-34-3. OCLC 69241279.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Needs, Kris (25 January 2005). Joe Strummer and the Legend of the Clash. London: Plexus. ISBN 0-85965-348-X. OCLC 53155325.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Topping, Keith (2004) [2003]. The Complete Clash (2nd ed.). Richmond: Reynolds & Hearn. ISBN 1-903111-70-6. OCLC 63129186.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • DiTondo, Kathy (3 May 2013). "RECALLING PiL: The Commercial Zone Era". Louder Than War. Retrieved 19 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links