Knox County, Ohio

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Knox County, Ohio
Knox County, Ohio Courthouse (14516804607).jpg
Seal of Knox County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Knox County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1808[1]
Named for Henry Knox
Seat Mount Vernon
Largest city Mount Vernon
Area
 • Total 530 sq mi (1,373 km2)
 • Land 525 sq mi (1,360 km2)
 • Water 4.1 sq mi (11 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 60,921
 • Density 116/sq mi (45/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.knoxcountyohio.org

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Knox County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 60,921.[2] Its county seat is Mount Vernon.[3] The county is named for Henry Knox, an officer in the American Revolutionary War who was later the first Secretary of War.[4]

Knox County comprises the Mount Vernon, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

Knox County was formed from Fairfield County[5] in 1808. A rich African American cultural heritage has existed in the county since its founding.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 530 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 525 square miles (1,360 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[7] Approximately 58% of the county is farmland and 28% is forested.[8] Most of the county lies in the Glaciated Allegheny Plateau with rolling hills and valleys. Although the relief is not sharp, some elevations in the county reach over 1400 feet above sea level.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,149
1820 8,326 287.4%
1830 17,085 105.2%
1840 29,579 73.1%
1850 28,872 −2.4%
1860 27,735 −3.9%
1870 26,333 −5.1%
1880 27,431 4.2%
1890 27,600 0.6%
1900 27,768 0.6%
1910 30,181 8.7%
1920 29,580 −2.0%
1930 29,338 −0.8%
1940 31,024 5.7%
1950 35,287 13.7%
1960 38,808 10.0%
1970 41,795 7.7%
1980 46,304 10.8%
1990 47,473 2.5%
2000 54,500 14.8%
2010 60,921 11.8%
Est. 2014 61,167 [9] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2013[2]

2000 census

As of the census[14] of 2010,[15] there were 60,921 people, 22,607 households, and 15,693 families residing in the county. There were 24,997 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 96.7% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,607 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 20, 7.9% from 20 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,734, and the median income for a family was $50,034. The per capita income for the county was $22,628. About 9.4% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 60,921 people, 22,607 households, and 15,693 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 115.9 inhabitants per square mile (44.7/km2). There were 25,118 housing units at an average density of 47.8 per square mile (18.5/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 96.7% white, 0.8% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 30.5% were German, 14.4% were Irish, 13.9% were English, and 9.2% were American.[18]

Of the 22,607 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, and 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 38.3 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,655 and the median income for a family was $55,881. Males had a median income of $41,762 versus $30,836 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,204. About 9.1% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Government

Roster of County Officials:

  • Commissioners: Teresa Bemiller, Roger Reed, Thom Collier
  • Prosecutor: Chip McConville
  • Sheriff: David Shaffer
  • Auditor: Jonette Curry
  • Treasurer: Shelly Coon
  • Recorder: John Lybarger
  • Clerk of Courts: Mary Jo Hawkins
  • Engineer: Jim Henry
  • Judge, Common Pleas Court: Otho Eyster
  • Judge, Juvenile/Probate: Jennifer Springer

Economy

A large portion of Knox County's economy is based on agriculture, with gross cash receipts for crops and livestock at $110 million for 2011. Corn is the primary crop, followed by soybeans and livestock.[8] Mount Vernon, the county seat, is home to major employers in the county, Siemens Energy Inc. (formerly Rolls-Royce Energy Systems, Inc. and Cooper Industries before that) and Ariel Corporation, both of which are manufacturers of components used in the natural gas industry. Major employers in the county also include Kenyon College located in Gambier, Mount Vernon Nazarene University in Mount Vernon, and the Kokosing Construction Company near Fredericktown.

Education

Communities

Map of Knox County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. "Ohio County Profiles: Knox County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 177.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Miller, Charles Christian (1912). History of Fairfield County, Ohio, and representative citizens. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company. p. 82.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "The Community Within: Knox County Black History Archives". Kenyon College Digital Archives. Retrieved 30 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 Reed, Alan. 17 March 2012. "County crop, livestock receipts at $110M." Mount Vernon News. Accessed: 17 March 2012.
  9. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "2010 Census". American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links