Korba, Chhattisgarh

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Korba
कोरबा
Power City
Korba is located in Chhattisgarh
Korba
Korba
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country  India
State Chhattisgarh
District Korba District
Government
 • Type Local Government
Elevation 316 m (1,037 ft)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Chhattisgarhi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 495677/8
Area code(s) 7759
Vehicle registration CG-12
Sex ratio 927 /
Website www.korba.gov.in

Korba (Hindi: कोरबा) is a big city and an industrial area in Korba District in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. Korba is headquarter of Korba district situated about 200 KM. from the capital city Raipur.

Korba is known for its coal mines such as Gevra Area which is one of the biggest coal mines of Asia as well as Kusmunda Area and Dipka Area, all located in Korba Coalfield. It also has power plants such as NTPC, CSEB and Bharat Aluminum Company.

Geography

Korba is situated on Maikal ranges of the Satpura Hills and Chota Nagpur Plateau is high and low and open. The rivers Hasdeo and Ahiran flow through the city, with Hasdeo boasting two hydroelectric dams.

Korba is located at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found..[1] It has an average elevation of 252 metres (826 feet). As of 2011 India census,[2] Korba city had a population of 365,073.

Economy

Korba city is konwn as the Power Capital of India. Korba Coalfield were became since 1941, large scale production could be initiated only on completion of the Champa-Korba rail link in 1955. Gevra mine is an open cast mine complex at the town of Gevra that has been described as the largest open cast mine in India and Asia, as well as the world's second-largest. It was opened in 1981. Dipka and Kusmunda are small coalfield in the area.[3][4][5]

Korba Super Thermal Power Plant of NTPC is located at Jamanipali. It gets coal from Gevra and Kusmunda mines and source of water for the power plant is Hasdeo River.[6] Korba Thermal Power Station is owned and operated by Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company.[7][8] There are more small Power Plant near city like Hasdeo Thermal Power Station, Dr Shyama Prasad Mukharjee Thermal Power Station and Lanco Amarkantak Power Plant.

Bharat Aluminium Company has plant which is one of the Asia's largest aluminum production industries. In 2009, chimney under construction by Gannon Dunkerley & Company at the Balco smelter collapsed killing 49 workers and GDCL management have been accused of negligence in the incident.[9][10][11][12]

Government and jurisdiction

The city of Korba is the Korba district headquarters. Korba City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government. Korba Municipal Corporation (KMC) was established in 1956 under the Madhya Pradesh Nagar Palika Nigam Adhiniyam. The KMC is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, local planning and welfare services. The mayor and councillors are elected to five-year terms.

Korba (Lok Sabha constituency) is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency for the city and constituency is composed of the following assembly segments:[13] Rampur (ST) (assembly constituency no. 20), Korba (assembly constituency no. 21), Katghora (assembly constituency no. 22) and Pali-Tanakhar (ST) (assembly constituency no. 23) is part of Korba district. Currently, Banshilal Mahto of Bharatiya Janata Party is a member of parliament to the 16th Lok Sabha and Jai Singh Agrawal of Indian National Congress sitting Member of the Legislative Assembly from Korba (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[14]

Transport

Road

Koorba is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The city is directly connected to Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Bhilai Nagar, Rajnandgaon. Korba is also well with national highwys like NH200 etc.

Rail

Korba railway station is connected to Champa, the nearest railway junction on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. The stations comes under South Eastern Railway Zone. It is directly connected to Bilaspur which the Divisional Head Quarter by rail and road through Katghora-Pali-Ratanpur. The 50.7 km (32 mi) long, 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge was constructed between 1953 to 1956, electrified in 1987 and 1988, and extended to Gevra Road railway station in 1988 and 1989.[15][16] New line surveys of Indian Railway were taken during 2012 and 2013, and included a line from Renukoot-Korba via Ambikapur Katghora and Korba-Ranchi.[17]

Air

The nearest air-port is at Raipur, which is about 200 KM from Korba.

See also

References

  1. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Korba
  2. "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Coal Mine Project Opportunity" (PDF). Korba Coalfield. Retrieved 2011-09-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Question remains on CIL's expansion projects in Chhattisgarh – Question remains on CIL's expansion projects in Chhattisgarh". Financial Express, 13 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "CIL's SECL makes day record for coal output in March". Steelguru, 13 April 2007. Retrieved 2011-09-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. NTPC Korba
  7. Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company, "Thermal power stations", Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company website, accessed February 2012.
  8. http://www.cseb.gov.in/cspgcl/powerstations/Thermal%20Stations/Thermal%20Common%20Link.htm
  9. http://in.news.yahoo.com/43/20090924/812/tnl-balco-chimney-crash-deaths-climb-to.html
  10. "Balco chimney mishap: Three Chinese officials arrested in Korba". The Hindustan Times. 2010-01-11. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. ">Anderlini, Jamil (2009-09-29). "India questions Sepco staff over chimney collapse". The Financial Times. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "25 die in accident at BALCO's new plant at Korba". Business Standard. 2009-09-24. Retrieved 2009-09-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "CandidateAC.xls file on assembly constituencies with information on district and parliamentary constituencies". Chhattisgarh. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-11-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Korba (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  15. Moonis Raza & Yash Aggarwal. "Transport Geography of India: Commodity Flow and the Regional Structure of Indian Economy". page 60. Concept Publishing Company, A-15/16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi - 110059. ISBN 81-7022-089-0. Retrieved 2 May 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "History of Electrification". India Rail Info.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. What is new in Railway Budget 2012-13

External links